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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ All boats will now carry three-letter designations using standard Olympic abbreviations.
▪ Then use the abbreviation throughout the document.
▪ Latin abbreviations, algebraic symbols, contractions of words and personal inventions can all be used.
▪ a Dictionary of Acronyms and Abbreviations
▪ BBC is an abbreviation for British Broadcasting Corporation.
▪ Disk Operating Systems are usually known by the abbreviation DOS.
▪ I never knew the abbreviation 'GI' stood for 'Government Issue'.
▪ Gordon has invented his own auxiliary language of abbreviation.
▪ It's a subject whose passion for diagrams and abbreviations and formulae can give nuclear physics a run for its money.
▪ It is very well annotated, easily navigable and there is an admirable list of abbreviations.
▪ The increasingly specialized worlds of business, medicine, politics and technology are fueling the explosion of abbreviations.
▪ The three-letter abbreviations for the 659 amino acids encoded in the open reading frame beginning at nucleotide position 133 are also shown.
▪ These must be written legibly and without abbreviation, so that the student can make maximum use of them.
▪ You also need to understand some abbreviations, starting with the name of the firm, which is listed alphabetically.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Abbreviation \Ab*bre`vi*a"tion\, n. [LL. abbreviatio: cf. F. abbr['e]viation.]

  1. The act of shortening, or reducing.

  2. The result of abbreviating; an abridgment.

  3. The form to which a word or phrase is reduced by contraction and omission; a letter or letters, standing for a word or phrase of which they are a part; as, Gen. for Genesis; U.S.A. for United States of America.

  4. (Mus.) One dash, or more, through the stem of a note, dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers, or demi-semiquavers.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

mid-15c., from Middle French abréviation (15c.), from Late Latin abbreviationem (nominative abbreviatio), noun of action from past participle stem of abbreviare "shorten, make brief," from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + breviare "shorten," from brevis "short, low, little, shallow" (see brief (adj.)).


n. 1 The result of shortening or reduce; abridgment. (First attested around 1350 to 1470.)(R:SOED5: page=3) 2 (context linguistics English) A shortened or contracted form of a word or phrase, used to represent the whole, utilizing omission of letters, and sometimes substitution of letters, or duplication of initial letters to signify plurality, including signs such as, +, =, @. (Late 16th century.) 3 The process of abbreviating. (Mid 16th century.) 4 (context music English) A notation used in music score to denote a direction, as pp or mf. 5 (context music English) One or more dashes through the stem of a note, dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers, demisemiquavers, or hemidemisemiquavers. 6 Any convenient short form used as a substitution for an understood or inferred whole. 7 (context biology English) Loss during evolution of the final stages of the ancestral ontogenetic pattern. 8 (context mathematics English) reduction to lower terms, as a fraction.

  1. n: a shortened form of a word or phrase

  2. shortening something by omitting parts of it


An abbreviation (from Latinbrevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase. It consists of a group of letters taken from the word or phrase. For example, the word abbreviation can itself be represented by the abbreviation abbr., abbrv. or abbrev.

In strict analysis, abbreviations should not be confused with contractions, acronyms, or initialisms, with which they share some semantic and phonetic functions, though all four are connoted by the term "abbreviation" in loose parlance.An abbreviation is a shortening by any method; a contraction is a reduction of size by the drawing together of the parts. A contraction of a word is made by omitting certain letters or syllables and bringing together the first and last letters or elements; an abbreviation may be made by omitting certain portions from the interior or by cutting off a part. A contraction is an abbreviation, but an abbreviation is not necessarily a contraction. Acronyms and initialisms are regarded as subsets of abbreviations (e.g. by the Council of Science Editors). They are abbreviations that consist of the initial letters or parts of words.

Abbreviation (music)

The abbreviations in music are of two kinds, namely, abbreviations of terms relating to musical expression, and the true musical abbreviations by the help of which certain passages, chords, etc., may be notated in a shortened form, to the greater convenience of both composer and performer. Abbreviations of the first kind are like most abbreviations in language; they consist for the most part of the initial letter or first syllable of the word employed—as for instance, p or f for the dynamic markingspiano and forte, cresc. for crescendo, ob. for oboe, fag. for bassoon (fagotto). This article is about abbreviations used in music notation.

Usage examples of "abbreviation".

Vieta in France first applied letters as general symbols of quantity, though the earlier algebraists used them occasionally, chiefly as abbreviations.

The abbreviations for cystine and cysteine are more cryptic and deserve some explanation, for they will be important later on.

She had stretched the three-syllable abbreviation, LSD, to its full and unabbreviated length of ten syllables.

Somehow it had stuck, despite the expected, vociferous protests from Wigg that one of the royal house should not be called by such abbreviations.

After a general introduction, however, the writing seemed to become more technical and heavily footnoted, sprinkled with Roman numeral references, foreign phrases, capitalized abbreviations, and words like Masoretic and Septuagintal.

Egyptians had two kinds of writing-the hieroglyphic, which was generally used for monumental inscriptions, and in which the letters consisted of conventional representations of various objects, mathematical and arbitrary symbols, and the hieratic, used for writing on papyrus, and in which, with the view of saving time, the written pictures underwent so many alterations and abbreviations that the originals could hardly be recognized.

It had never occurred to him, and the pretty abbreviation which Damon used so naturally seemed an intimacy which simply pointed up his isolation.

On this Wednesday night, trying buttons and abbreviations almost at random, the attache is able to summon up only live U.

Where an article was reprinted in the major collections of his writing, this has been indicated and the following abbreviations used for the various books: C.

And typists are divided into those who do and do not put a period, a full stop, after abbreviations like Mr.

He could recognize more of the symbols now, although most of the abbreviations on the fifth line still baffled him.

Semicolon is used before words and abbreviations which introduce particulars or specifications following after, such as, namely, as, e.

Since most of the abbreviations consist of the first three letters of the name, they are not difficult to memorize: glycine gly alanine ala valine val leucine leu asparagine asp'Ntb aspartic acid asp glutamine ghrNH2 glutamic acid glu THE HUMAN BRAIN isoleucine proline phenylalanine tyrosine tryptophan serine threonine ileu pro phe tyr try ser thr lysine histidine lys his arginine methionine arg met cystine cysteine cy-S-cy-SH Of the abbreviations that are more than the first three letters of the names, ileu, asp-NH2, and ghrNH2 should be clear.

It's the lingo, the abbreviations, the barnyard to attic chitchat of amateurs with keys, with Marconi coherers or Fessenden barreters-and you can listen for a violin solo pretty soon now.

By his second or third year at Waldzell he was reading and playing the notations, clefs, abbreviations, and figured basses of all centuries and styles with tolerable fluency.