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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ In fact, vegetarianism is growing by leaps and bounds, particularly among the health-conscious.
▪ It made no pretence of catering to faddish tastes like vegetarianism or high fibre diets.
▪ Many a student has found the route to vegetarianism via depleted funds.
▪ Retail sales of the quintessential red meats are plummeting, whilst vegetarianism has become a fashionable norm.
▪ The Rabari are not so much hypocritical in their attitudes to breaking the Hindu code of vegetarianism as low-key.
▪ They objected to materials that expose children to feminism, witchcraft, pacifism, vegetarianism, and situational ethics.
▪ We were all eating roast venison and at the same time discussing vegetarianism.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Vegetarianism \Veg`e*ta"ri*an*ism\, n. The theory or practice of living upon vegetables and fruits.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1848, from vegetarian + -ism.


n. a diet excluding all meat and fish


Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat ( red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal). Vegetarians are typically healthier, live longer (if the avoidance of sugar and refined sugars is included), and follow a more humane way of eating. They may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter.

Vegetarianism can be adopted for different reasons. Many object to eating meat out of respect for sentient life. Such ethical motivations have been codified under various religious beliefs, along with animal rights. Other motivations for vegetarianism are health-related, political, environmental, cultural, aesthetic, economic, or personal preference. There are varieties of the diet as well: an ovo-vegetarian diet includes eggs but not dairy products, a lacto-vegetarian diet includes dairy products but not eggs, and an ovo-lacto vegetarian diet includes both eggs and dairy products. A vegan diet excludes all animal products, including eggs, dairy, and honey. Some vegans also avoid other animal products such as beeswax, leather or silk clothing, and goose-fat shoe polish.

Various packaged or processed foods, including cake, cookies, candies, chocolate, yogurt and marshmallows, often contain unfamiliar animal ingredients, and may be a special concern for vegetarians due to the likelihood of such additions. Often, products are reviewed by vegetarians for animal-derived ingredients prior to purchase or consumption. Vegetarians vary in their feelings regarding these ingredients, however. For example, while some vegetarians may be unaware of animal-derived rennet's role in the usual production of cheese and may therefore unknowingly consume the product, other vegetarians may not take issue with its consumption.

Semi-vegetarian diets consist largely of vegetarian foods, but may include fish or poultry, or sometimes other meats, on an infrequent basis. Those with diets containing fish or poultry may define meat only as mammalian flesh and may identify with vegetarianism. A pescetarian diet has been described as "fish but no other meat". The common use association between such diets and vegetarianism has led vegetarian groups such as the Vegetarian Society to state that diets containing these ingredients are not vegetarian, because fish and birds are also animals.

Usage examples of "vegetarianism".

Shaw, it is said, tired of socialism, weary of wearing Jaegers, and broken down by teetotalism and vegetarianism, sought, some years ago, an escape from them.

I contemplated food phobias, the more I became convinced that people who habitually avoid certifiably delicious foods are at least as troubled as people who avoid sex, or take no pleasure from it, except that the latter will probably seek psychiatric help, while food phobics rationalize their problem in the name of genetic inheritance, allergy, vegetarianism, matters of taste, nutrition, food safety, obesity, or a sensitive nature.

But the mere fact that the Misses Tripp have adopted with enthusiasm Christian Science, vegetarianism, theosophy and spiritualism does not really constitute a damning indictment of those subjects!

From watching him refuse the meat, Azzie suspected him of vegetarianism, one of the deviant marks by which a Catharist heretic could be detected.

Her mother refused to kowtow to the vegetarianism Ruth had taken up after my death.

During one particularly fevered patch of vegetarianism in the seventies, I made the mistake of saying I'd been to Benihana's steak house.

When several weeks went by and the atlas had disappeared from her table, and she had given up vegetarianism for Swedish movements, we felt that we were to have a quiet summer after all, and Aggie wrote to a hotel in Asbury Park about rooms for July and August.

Individual Mutualism is neither capitalism, communism, socialism, vegetarianism, or even the dreaded monetarism that destroyed many a technological society.