Vani is a town in Imereti region of western Georgia, at the Sulori river (a tributary of the Rioni river), 41 km southwest from the regional capital Kutaisi. The town with the population of 4,600 (2002 est.) is an administrative center of the Municipality of Vani comprising also 43 neighbouring villages (total area – 557 km²; population – 34,000, 2002 est.).
Systematic archaeological studies (N.Khoshtaria, O.Lortkiphanidze) carried out in the Vani environs since 1947 revealed the remnants of a rich city of the ancient power of Colchis. The name of this ancient settlement is still unknown but four distinct stages of uninterrupted occupation have been identified. The first phase is dated to the 8th to 7th centuries BC. In this period Vani is presumed to have been a major cultic centre. The second phase - end of the 7th and beginning of the 6th to the first half of the 4th century BC - is represented by cultural layers, remains of wooden structures, sacrificial altars cut in the rocky ground, and rich burials. It is assumed that on this stage Vani was the centre of a political-administrative unit of the kingdom of Colchis. The third phase covers the second half of the 4th to the first half of the 3rd century BC. It is represented largely by rich burials, remains of stone structures. To the fourth phase (3rd to mid-1st centuries BC) belong defensive walls, the so-called small gate, sanctuaries and cultic buildings (temples, altars sacrificial platforms), and the remains of a foundry for casting bronze statues. It is assumed that in the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Vani was a templar city. According to the archaeological data, the city was destroyed in the mid-1st century BC. Subsequently, Vani declined to a village and was officially granted a status of a town only in 1981.
In town Vani there is an interesting museum (founded in 1985), where some unique pieces of the ancient Colchis are exhibited.
Vani is a cultural custom found in parts of Pakistan wherein young girls are forcibly married as part of punishment for a crime committed by her male relatives. Vani is a form of arranged child marriage, and the result of punishment decided by a council of tribal elders named jirga.
The custom became illegal in Pakistan in 2005 or 2011 at the latest; however, the practice continues. Recently the courts in Pakistan have begun taking serious note and action against the continuation of the practice.
Vani is sometimes spelled as Wani or Wanni. It is a Pashto word derived from vanay which means blood. Vani is also known as Sak, Swara and Sangchatti in different regional languages of Pakistan. Some claim Vani can be avoided if the clan of the girl agrees to pay money, called Deet .
Vani (; 1912 – 1988) was a Kannada writer. She was born in Srirangapatna, near Mysore). Her father B. Narasinga Rao was an advocate in Srirangapatna. He was bestowed with “Rajaseva Saktha” title by Nalvadi Krishna Raja Wodeyer of Mysore Palace. Three of her novels — Shubhamangala, Eradu Kanasu and Hosabelaku — became famous Kannada movies.
Vani is a town in Georgia.
Vani may also refer to:
- Vani (Writer), Kannada writer
- Vani (Nashik), Hindu religious place in Maharashtra, India
- Vani (custom), child marriage custom of Pakistan
- Vani, Iran, a village in Kermanshah Province, Iran
- Vani, stylistic school of the Indian classical music genre dhrupad
Vani is a 1943 Indian Kannada language musical drama film jointly directed by K. Hirannaiah and Gopal. Produced by Mysore T. Chowdaiah, the film featured himself in the lead role along with Bellary Lalitha and Bellary Rathnamala in the lead roles. Actress Pandari Bai and actor Musuri Krishnamurthy made their respective acting debuts in the film. Pandari Bai later became one of the most influential actresses in South Indian cinema.
The film, although began shooting in 1940, took three years to finally release onto the screens. The film was a box-office failure and the producer incurred losses after the release.
The film's highlight was the two reel length real classical concert of the classical exponent Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar being shot completely.