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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

so named 1868, from Japanese to "east" + kyo "capital;" its earlier name was Edo, literally "estuary."


The (also called or ) is a system of and supporting the eaves of a Japanese building, usually part of a Buddhist temple or Shinto shrine. The use of tokyō is made necessary by the extent to which the eaves protrude, a functionally essential element of Japanese Buddhist architecture. The system has however always had also an important decorative function. Like most architectural elements in Japan, the system is Chinese in origin (on the subject, see the article Dougong) but has evolved since its arrival into several original forms.

In its simplest configuration, the bracket system has a single projecting bracket and a single block, and is called hitotesaki. If the first bracket and block group support a second similar one, the whole system is called futatesaki, if three brackets are present it is called mitesaki, and so on until a maximum of six brackets as in the photo to the right.

Each supporting block in most cases supports, besides the next bracket, a U-shaped supporting bracket set at 90° to the first (see photos in the gallery below).

The Protection of Cultural Properties logo (see gallery below) represents a tokyō, considered an element of Japanese architecture which stands for the continuity in time of cultural property protection.

Tokyo (Yui song)

"Tokyo" is the fourth single by the Japanese artist Yui. It was released January 18, 2006, under Sony Records.

The title track recounts her feelings as she left her hometown of Fukuoka to go to Tokyo, pursuing her music dreams according to the lyrics of the song.

The music video was directed by Takahiro Miki.

Tokyo (novel)

Tokyo is a 2004 novel by British crime writer Mo Hayder. It was short-listed for the Crime Writers' Association Gold Dagger award, as well as several others. (For the US market, the title was changed to "The Devil of Nanking," which had been Hayder's working-title for the book.) Tokyo was reviewed by the internationally-read UK newspaper, the Guardian as well as by Kirkus Reviews under its US title.

Tokyo (disambiguation)

is the capital of Japan, specifically the administrative region of present-day Tokyo, including the large western region and Pacific islands. Related to the capital, the name may refer to:

  • 1457–1869: historical
  • 1869–1943: historical Tokyo Prefecture or , an [urban] prefecture (-fu) which initially covered only Edo but was expanded in several steps from 1871 to consist by the end of the 19th century of:
    • 1889–1943: historical Tokyo City or , a [county-level] city (-shi), further subdivided into 15 (from 1932: 35) wards, and
    • in 1893 more than 150 other municipalities in six surrounding counties (later merged into Tokyo city in 1932), the three Tama (san-Tama) [counties] to the West (transferred from Kanagawa in 1893) and on the Izu Ogasawara islands to the South (integrated in several steps in the 19th century), by 1943 including two more cities, see the incomplete List of mergers in Tokyo
  • 1943–present: Tokyo or , a [metropolitan] prefecture/Met./"Metropolis" (-to), which includes (teritorially unchanged from Tōkyō-fu, but with different administrative structure):
    • initially 35 sub-municipal wards, since 1947 the 23 special wards of Tokyo (municipality-level wards with restricted local autonomy in some matters, expanded autonomy in others), occupying the site of historical Edo and the former city of Tokyo; and
    • initially over 80, since 2001 39 remaining other municipalities in the Tama area and on the Izu and Ogawara islands, among them today 26 cities, including one core city (major city with expanded local autonomy in some matters)
  • the Greater Tokyo Area, a metropolitan area with – depending on definition:
    • the 23 special wards at its centre and including other municipalities in Tokyo and surrounding prefectures
    • Tokyo, the prefecture, at its centre and including several surrounding prefectures at large.

may also refer to:

Tokyo (Athlete song)

"Tokyo" is a song by English indie rock band Athlete and is the third track on their 2007 album Beyond the Neighbourhood. The song was released as the second single from that album on November 19, 2007 (see 2007 in British music). The song charted at #198 making it Athlete's lowest charting single to date, partly due to a lack of promotion, and partly due to UK Chart guidelines discounting sales of the EP version (thus only sales of the 7" were counted).

Tokyo (Danny Saucedo song)

"Tokyo" is a 2007 single released by Swedish artist Danny Saucedo better known as Danny.

In 2008, Danny participated with the song in Polish Sopot International Song Festival

Tokyo (Masaharu Fukuyama song)

"Tokyo" is the twentieth single by Japanese artist Masaharu Fukuyama. It was released on 17 August 2005.

Tokyo (Vampires & Wolves)

"Tokyo (Vampires & Wolves)" is a song by Liverpudlian indie band, The Wombats. It was the first single to be released from their second album This Modern Glitch. The song was added to the A-list on BBC Radio 1.

Tokyo (Hans Vandenburg song)

"Tokyo" is the second solo single by the Dutch artist Hans Vandenburg, lead singer of Gruppo Sportivo. It was released in 1995 under Van Record Company in the Netherlands.

The title track is dedicated to Dutch association football club AFC Ajax after the team qualified for the 1995 Intercontinental Cup hosted in Tokyo, by winning the UEFA Champions League title against Italian side A.C. Milan 1–0 in the final.

Ajax would face-off with Brazilian side Grêmio at the National Stadium on 28 November 1995, winning the Cup 4 – 3 on penalties after extra time.

The single was a one-off collaborative effort between Vandenburg and the Ajax Supporters, organized by Ron de Gruyl and Music Trend Media Amsterdam.

Usage examples of "tokyo".

LA and New York, as well as Tokyo -- and in the weeks before Christmas when demand is running high, the dockside price for a big ahi in Kona can run up to five and sometimes ten dollars a pound.

Beatrice Mangan provide Macrodur with a copy of the Tokyo research confirming eradication of the allomorphic trait in the body through substitution of human DNA.

German station pumped it into the ether for the 5,000-mile leap to Tokyo, a new American intercept post at Asmara, in the former Italian colony of Eritrea bordering the Red Sea, picked it up.

The ion drive tug had matched orbits with Brasilia thirty hours after Anansi 272Larry Niven and Steven Barnes made her gaudy landing at Tokyo X.

They made their landfall at Yawata Saki, directly across the Chiba Peninsula from Tokyo Bay, with the sun just a few degrees off the horizon over Tokyo.

Largess hit the coast 180 miles from base to Cape Inubo due east of Tokyo, without encountering any ships at all, and followed the same course the fighters had taken the previous afternoon, around the tip of the Chiba Peninsula and up into Tokyo Bay.

Hokkaido after taking off from the Chitose Airport enroute to Tokyo on March 18th.

In charge of finding an ideal location to eavesdrop on Russia, China, and North Korea was Navy Captain Wesley Wright, a pioneer cryptologist, who was based in Tokyo as chief of NSA Pacific.

Tokyo Stock Exchange are that Sender Ditch gold mining shares were being traded at the equivalent of four Rand forty cents.

Nicholas to interview, had driven into the heart of Tokyo and the Shibaura district, pushing his modified Kawasaki hard.

Japanese field generals and the Burma Area Command and Imperial Headquarters in Tokyo had been at odds whether to attempt the invasion of India, if only as far as Manipur and Assam, in order to wipe out the base of any possible Allied return.

The phrase had won her respect in Tokyo, in Moscow, and in certain hallways along the Potomac, but she knows that in the crucial hours on Mars, the actions that changed two worlds were not hers alone.

There is nothing brilliant about my life now: but from time to time, for example, when they play music in the cafes, I look back and tell myself: in old days, in London, Meknes, Tokyo, I have known great moments, I have had adventures.

In November 1945, university students in Tokyo, Kyoto, Nagoya, and Kyushu began establishing autonomous student federations that laid the basis for the postwar student movement.

Instead they appeared in lending magazines published by houses out of Osaka and Nagoya, or minor Tokyo firms.