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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Sudan

1842, from Arabic Bilad-al-sudan, literally "country of the blacks" (originally the stretch of Africa between the Sahara and the equator), from sud, plural of aswad (fem. sauda) "black." In early use also Soudan, from French. Related: Sudanese.

Gazetteer
Sudan, TX -- U.S. city in Texas
Population (2000): 1039
Housing Units (2000): 460
Land area (2000): 0.907197 sq. miles (2.349629 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.907197 sq. miles (2.349629 sq. km)
FIPS code: 70772
Located within: Texas (TX), FIPS 48
Location: 34.064770 N, 102.524782 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 79371
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sudan, TX
Sudan
Wikipedia
Sudan

Sudan ( as-Sūdān, English pronunciation (US) , (GB) ), also known as North Sudan and officially the Republic of the Sudan ( Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in northeastern Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in Africa. The River Nile divides the country into eastern and western halves. Its predominant religion is Islam.

Sudan was home to numerous ancient civilizations, such as the Kingdom of Kush, Kerma, Nobatia, Alodia, Makuria, Meroë and others, most of which flourished along the Nile. During the pre-dynastic period Nubia and Nagadan Upper Egypt were identical, simultaneously evolved systems of pharaonic kingship by 3300 BC. By virtue of its proximity to Egypt, the Sudan participated in the wider history of the Near East inasmuch as it was Christianized by the 6th century, and Islamized in the 15th.

As a result of Christianization, the Old Nubian language stands as the oldest recorded Nilo-Saharan language (earliest records dating to the 9th century). Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world until 2011, when South Sudan separated into an independent country, following an independence referendum. Sudan is now the third largest country in Africa (after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and also the third largest country in the Arab world (after Algeria and Saudi Arabia).

Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Arab League, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement, as well as an observer in the World Trade Organization. Its capital is Khartoum, the political, cultural and commercial centre of the nation. It is a presidential representative democratic federal republic. The politics of Sudan is regulated by a parliamentary organization called the National Assembly. The Sudanese legal system is based on Islamic law.

Sudan (region)

The Sudan is the name given to a geographic region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western to eastern Central Africa. The name derives from the Arabic , or "the lands of the Blacks", an expression denoting West Africa and northern Central Africa.

The phrase "The Sudan" is also used to refer specifically to the modern-day country of Sudan, the western part of which forms part of the larger region, and from which South Sudan gained its independence in 2011.

Sudan (disambiguation)

Sudan is a country in north-east Africa.

The term Sudan may also refer to the following:

Sūdan

Sūdan was the main court poet of Maharaja Suraj Mal, the Bharatpur ruler in Rajasthan. He was Mathur by caste, resident of Mathura and the most favourite poet of the Bharatpur Maharaja. He had accompanied the Maharaja Suraj Mal during all important wars and has written historical account in the book named 'Sujān Charitra'.

Category:Indian poets Category:People from Rajasthan

Sudan (beverage)

Sudan is a kind of Korean traditional drink made of honey water and rice cake. It is usually served during the summer for quenching thirst. Traditionally Sudan was always served during a village rite in 6th month in lunar calendar. Korean farmers prayed for a bountiful harvest and god’s blessing for their life in the future by making food offering including foods and Sudan drink.

Sudan (film)

Sudan is a 1945 drama film set in ancient Egypt. The film was directed by John Rawlins and starred Maria Montez.

It was the last film Montez made for over a year due to fights with Universal.

Sudan (rhinoceros)

Sudan is a captive Northern White Rhinoceros who lives at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Laikipia, Kenya. He is known for being the last male of his subspecies in the world and one of only three living Northern White Rhinoceroses in the world.

Usage examples of "sudan".

Bin Ladin appeared to have in Afghanistan a freedom of movement that he had lacked in Sudan.

For Europe suffered its last destructive invasions from without during the Magyar raids of the ninth and tenth centuries -- the period of Almoravid penetration and conquest in the Western Sudan.

Not only must the Egyptian workshops be raised in strength and efficiency, but further bases, with adequate port facilities, will have to be built up, say, at Port Sudan and Massawa, using perhaps the town of Asmara, which has fine buildings, and also Jibuti, when we get it.

Port Sudan, Massawa, the new port which is being developed in the Red Sea, Asmara, Basra, Tobruk, etc.

His earliest remains have come, so far, from much the same African latitude: a fossilized skull and some other fragments from a Middle Stone Age site near Khartoum in the Sudan, and another skull and some bones from beneath thick clay at Asselar, some two hundred miles northeast of Timbuktu in the western Sudan.

The Mandingo of the Western Sudan consider that the god of storm and thunder takes earthly shape as a ram.

Coming from the eastward and northeastward, migratory peoples or groups of peoples, occasional clans or fragments of clans, racially mixed, partially civilized, would enter the Western Sudan in a long procession of invasion and settlement whose ordering and limits practically escape all knowledge.

He had agonized over his decision to ride for Omdurman and face the successor to the Prophet of Allah, rather than taking his aggagiers and disappearing into the eastern deserts of the Sudan.

Once we were beyond the Ituri Forest, with its lovely little Pygmy exhibits, we got on the Ubangi-Shari Highway, heading on north into the ever-dryer grasslands of the Sudan and the Sahelian subdesert.

Professor Evans-Pritchard and the Shilluk of the southern Sudan a thousand years later.

African liquor from the Sudan or the Congo or someplace, made, I think, from fermented yams and spadefoot toads.

Later she discovered it had become the centerpiece for a roundup of the atrocities committed that night around the world and for the terrorist attacks in Uruguay, Venezuela, and Peru, in another Georgia and Azerbaijan, in South Africa and Israel and the Sudan, in Laos and the Philippines.

Every man in the room shouted in homage to the new ruler, the Khalifat, of the Sudan, although the voices of the Ashraf were muted and lacked enthusiasm.

Abdullahi has driven many of the Ashraf out of Sudan, emirs of the Jaalin and the Hadendowa.

By 1960, with the population at 26 million, the Russians—the new foreign protectors of Egypt—began erecting the High Dam, which increased cultivable land by 30 percent, doubled the country’s electric power supply, and created a reservoir (called Lake Nasser in Egypt and Lake Nubia south of the Sudan border) that guaranteed a strategic water reserve for Egypt in times of drought.