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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ After a long fight, the mystery monster turned out to be a 57-inch sturgeon that weighed 46 pounds.
▪ As recently as 20 years ago the Soviet Union was netting more than 10,000 tonnes of sturgeon a year.
▪ Caviar is sturgeon roe prepared by a special process.
▪ Fishing is a big political issue because the sturgeon population is diminishing.
▪ Sometimes they catch a bit of sturgeon.
▪ Species included in the new list include the Sussex Emerald Moth, the sturgeon, floating water plantain and marsh saxifrage.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Sturgeon \Stur"geon\, n. [F. esturgeon, LL. sturio, sturgio, OHG. sturjo, G. st["o]r; akin to AS. styria, styriga.] (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of large cartilaginous ganoid fishes belonging to Acipenser and allied genera of the family Acipenserid[ae]. They run up rivers to spawn, and are common on the coasts and in the large rivers and lakes of North America, Europe, and Asia. Caviar is prepared from the roe, and isinglass from the air bladder.

Note: The common North American species are Acipenser sturio of the Atlantic coast region, Acipenser transmontanus of the Pacific coast, and Acipenser rubicundus of the Mississippi River and its tributaries. In Europe, the common species is Acipenser sturio, and other well-known species are the sterlet and the huso. The sturgeons are included in the order Chondrostei. Their body is partially covered by five rows of large, carinated, bony plates, of which one row runs along the back. The tail is heterocercal. The toothless and protrusile mouth is beneath the head, and has four barbels in front.

Shovel-nosed sturgeon. (Zo["o]l.) See Shovelnose (d) .

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1300, from Anglo-French sturgeon, Old French esturjon, from Frankish *sturjo- or another Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *sturjon- (cognates: Old High German sturio "sturgeon," Old English styria). Cognate with Lithuanian ersketras, Russian osetr "sturgeon;" the whole group is of obscure origin, perhaps from a lost pre-Indo-European tongue of northern Europe, or from the root of stir (v.). Medieval Latin sturio, Italian storione, Spanish esturion are Germanic loan-words.


n. Any marine or freshwater fish of the family Acipenseridae that are prized for their roe and are endemic to temperate seas and rivers of the northern hemisphere, especially central Eurasia.


n. large primitive fishes valued for their flesh and roe; widely distributed in the North Temperate Zone

Sturgeon, MO -- U.S. city in Missouri
Population (2000): 944
Housing Units (2000): 407
Land area (2000): 0.631496 sq. miles (1.635567 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.631496 sq. miles (1.635567 sq. km)
FIPS code: 71224
Located within: Missouri (MO), FIPS 29
Location: 39.233166 N, 92.280300 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 65284
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Sturgeon, MO
Sturgeon-Noblestown, PA -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 1764
Housing Units (2000): 715
Land area (2000): 2.866061 sq. miles (7.423064 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 2.866061 sq. miles (7.423064 sq. km)
FIPS code: 74948
Located within: Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
Location: 40.383875 N, 80.209191 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Sturgeon-Noblestown, PA
Sturgeon, PA

Sturgeons are long-lived, late-maturing fishes with distinctive characteristics, such as a heterocercal caudal fin similar to that of sharks, and an elongated spindle-like body that is smooth-skinned, scaleless and armored with 5 lateral rows of bony plates called scutes. Several species can grow quite large, typically ranging 7–12 feet (2-3½ m) in length. The largest sturgeon on record was a Beluga female captured in the Volga estuary in 1827, weighing and long. Most sturgeons are anadromous bottom-feeders which migrate upstream to spawn but spend most of their lives feeding in river deltas and estuaries. Some species inhabit freshwater environments exclusively while others primarily inhabit marine environments near coastal areas, and are known to venture into open ocean.

Several species of sturgeon are harvested for their roe which is processed into caviar—a luxury food and the reason why caviar producing sturgeons are among the most valuable of all wildlife resources. They are particularly vulnerable to overexploitation and other threats, including pollution and habitat fragmentation. Most species of sturgeon are considered to be at risk of extinction, making them more critically endangered than any other group of species.

Sturgeon (disambiguation)

Sturgeon is the common name for many species of fish.

Sturgeon may also refer to:

Sturgeon (provincial electoral district)

Sturgeon is a former provincial electoral district that existed from 1905 to 1940 in Alberta, Canada.

Sturgeon (surname)

Sturgeon is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • Barbara Sturgeon, British broadcaster
  • Bobby Sturgeon (1919–2007), American Major League Baseball player
  • Daniel Sturgeon (1789–1878), American physician, banker and Democratic Party politician
  • Henry Sturgeon (died 1814), British Army officer of the Napoleonic Wars
  • Nicola Sturgeon (born 1970), Scottish politician, Scottish National Party MSP for Glasgow Govan and First Minister of Scotland
  • Peter Sturgeon (born 1954), Canadian ice hockey player
  • Peter A. Sturgeon (1916-2005), American scholar, brother of Theodore Sturgeon
  • Rollin S. Sturgeon (1877–1961), American silent film director
  • Theodore Sturgeon (1918–1985), American science fiction author, brother of Peter A. Sturgeon
  • William Sturgeon (1783–1850), English physicist and inventor who made the first electromagnets

Usage examples of "sturgeon".

Sturgeon leaned across his desk and fixed Bruno and Boots with his best fishy stare.

The first course, put on the tables all at once, as were all the succeeding courses, consisted of tiny pasties full of codfish liver or beef marrow, a brewet of sliced pork in a spicy sauce, greasy fritters of more beef marrow, eels in a ginger-flavored aspic, bream fillets in a watery green sauce of herbs, a baron of tough and stringy beef for each pair of diners, boiled shoulders of pork and veal, and, to bring the course to an end, a seven-foot sturgeon, cooked whole and served with the skin replaced, surrounded by bowls of a sauce that Bass thought would have made a Mexican or Korean homesick, so hot was it.

Skin a large cut of sturgeon, parboil for fifteen minutes, drain, cover with a marinade of oil and vinegar, and let stand for an hour.

Skin a large cut of sturgeon, parboil for fifteen minutes, drain, and cool.

Skin a six-pound cut of sturgeon, soak in salted water for an hour, drain, and parboil in fresh water.

Ben Adams watched the same scene played out for the Spadefish, the Archerfish, the Whale, the Barracuda, the Pargo, the Sturgeon and the Piranha.

My thanks are due to a number of other doctors and medical practitioners, notably: Lawrence Youlten, Martin Scurr, David Sturgeon, James Anderson, the late David Horrobin, Trevor Turner, Gwen Adshead, Professor Vichy Mahadevan, Professor Uta Frith and Professor Christopher Frith.

Goose with apples, breaded mutton chops, shashlik on skewers, steamed sturgeon.

With sweeping tail and quivering fin, Through the wave the sturgeon flew, And, like the heaven-shot javelin, He sprug above the waters blue.

There was a trid made on Diamunde, and another with Aguinaldo standing with Sturgeon and his other major commanders on that campaign.

HQMC complex, Sturgeon thought something was odd about the way Aguinaldo had checked the records then quickly dismissed him.

Beyond a screen of balsams and budding maple trees, Sturgeon Lake was a silver glimmer beneath a cloudy sky.

Primitive bony fish living in freshwater streams and rivers during the latter part of the age of reptiles include gar, bowfin, and sturgeon.

It was the warrant Brigadier Sturgeon had given him after the attack on Multan, appointing him an honorary lance corporal, in the Confederation Marine Corps.

Merrimac itself is an Indian word meaning sturgeon, and of its ten tributaries all but two appear to have Indian names: Contoocook, Soucook, Suncook, Piscatagoug, Souhegan, Nashua, Concord, Spiggot, Shawshine, and Powow.