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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"portico," c.1600, from Greek stoa "colonnade, corridor," from PIE *sta- "to stand" (see stet). A name given in Athens to several public buildings. The ancient stoa was "usually a detached portico, often of considerable extent, generally near a public place to afford opportunity for walking or conversation under shelter" [Century Dictionary].


n. (context architecture English) In Ancient Greece, a walkway with a roof supported by colonnades, often with a wall on one side; a portico.


A stoa (; plural, stoas, stoai, or stoae ), in ancient Greek architecture, is a covered walkway or portico, commonly for public use. Early stoas were open at the entrance with columns, usually of the Doric order, lining the side of the building; they created a safe, enveloping, protective atmosphere.

Later examples were built as two stories, with a roof supporting the inner colonnades where shops or sometimes offices were located. They followed Ionic architecture. These buildings were open to the public; merchants could sell their goods, artists could display their artwork, and religious gatherings could take place. Stoas usually surrounded the marketplaces or agora of large cities and were used as a framing device.

The name of the Stoic school of philosophy derives from "stoa".

Stoa (album)

Stoa is an album by Swiss pianist and composer Nik Bärtsch's band Ronin recorded in France in 2005 and released on the ECM label.

Usage examples of "stoa".

Stoic rationalism, in its logical development, is menaced wherever we meet the perception that the course of the world must in some way be helped, and wherever the contrast between reason and sensuousness, that the old Stoa had confused, is clearly felt to be an unendurable state of antagonism that man cannot remove by his own unaided efforts.

But philosophy, particularly in the Stoa, set out in search of this idea, and, after further developments, sought for one special religion with which it could agree or through which it could at least attain certainty.

However, these deviations of his from the doctrines of the Stoa are not merely prompted by Christianity, but rather have already become an essential component of his philosophical theory of the world.

But this applies only to the Middle Stoa of Panaitios which was bent on lessening the contrasts between the schools in favor of a middle way.

Called after the Stoa Poikile in Athens where Zeno taught, Stoicism eventually arrived in Rome.

It was a fantastic structure that looked half like an old Russian cathedral, with spires and onion domes, and half like a pillared stoa in the tradition of the Parthenonwith some Danish modern mixed in.

At Athens he decorated with paintings the portico called the Stoa Poikile, the Temple of the Dioscuri, the Temple of Theseus, and the Pinakotheke on the Akropolis.

Thus in the Stoa Poikile were represented the taking of Troy, the battle of Theseus with the Amazons, the battle of Marathon.

The paintings in the Stoa Poikile were executed by Polygnotos gratuitously, for which service the Athenians rewarded him with the freedom of their city.

I managed to keep my wits enough to yell to Selkine to seek out the security guard in the stoa, then concentrated on running uphill to catch up with Mides.

She and my daughter had gone with the servants to the stoa to be sure they knew their rightful place in the procession tomorrow.

At the stoa when the officials were explaining what your daughters were to do?

Selkine to seek out the security guard in the stoa, then concentrated on running uphill to catch up with Mides.

In other respects, especially in psychology, it is diametrically opposed to the Stoa, though superior.

Tarod stood by the window in his unlit room at the top of the spire, his face expressionless as he watched Cyllan and Drachea creep cautiously along the colonnaded stoa towards the vault door.