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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
sent a chill down...spine (=made her very frightened)
▪ There was something in his tone that sent a chill down Melissa’s spine.
▪ Plain radiographs of the cervical spine in flexion and extension will allow recognition of atlantoaxial subluxation and subaxial subluxation.
▪ A cervical spine x-ray should always be done to rule out fracture and / or subluxation.
▪ The cervical spine in rheumatoid arthritis Needs careful assessment Rheumatoid arthritis commonly affects the cervical spine, causing several well defined deformities.
▪ Probably he thinks the blood vessels of my brain are as hardened as my cervical spine.
▪ Because of its superior contrast capabilities magnetic resonance imaging is the current first choice technique for assessing instability of the cervical spine.
▪ The cervical spine in rheumatoid arthritis Needs careful assessment Rheumatoid arthritis commonly affects the cervical spine, causing several well defined deformities.
▪ These high rates reflect the anatomy of the cervical spine and the dynamic forces that act on it.
▪ Deformities of the cervical spine are seen most often in patients with rheumatoid arthritis of more than 10 years' duration.
▪ The dorsal arm spines are the longest nearly two arm segments in length, the ventral arm spines are much shorter.
▪ The caudal fin is yellow-brown, and the dorsal spine and long snout are orange.
▪ The long spines of the sea urchins protect them from most predators.
▪ The long, stout spines are an unusual feature which discriminates this species from other gastropods.
▪ Some species possess poison bags near the tips of the long, brittle spines.
▪ The lateral arm plates also carry a series of long bristle-like spines, dorsal to the arm spines.
▪ Their skin was stretched out between long spines, which seems to have acted as a cooling radiator.
▪ The longer spines are mace-like; with a slightly rugose body and a head with multiple points.
▪ Note the long pointed tail spine.
▪ Some variations had extended trailing edges and consequently longer spines.
▪ As they straighten, curve the spine and pull in the tummy, as if you have just received a blow.
▪ Ventral arm spins may be slightly flattened and in some the arm spine may be curved.
▪ Lying on your tummy, raise your head and shoulders, curving the spine, inch by inch.
▪ Slowly raise your head and shoulders, curving your spine, inch by inch, without straining.
▪ On the proximal arm segment the arm spines meet midradially forming a single fan.
▪ A thin, pale orange tissue covers inch-long spines that form comb rows around a thin stalk.
▪ The arm spines do not form a fan on the proximal joints.
▪ In some specimens the arm spines form a fan on the proximal arm segment.
▪ She felt a shiver run up her spine as she closed the door behind her.
▪ The chills running up his spine penetrated the marrow of his bones.
▪ Julie again felt a shiver run up her spine.
▪ Some describe it as a red-eyed E. look-alike with porcupine quills running down his spine.
▪ A shiver ran up Auguste's spine.
▪ As for Philippa, so for him, a shiver of apprehension ran down his spine.
▪ I felt a small chill run down my spine.
▪ It was like taking a step back into the past, and for a moment a little shiver ran down her spine.
▪ The nightmare of being wrongly accused and convicted of a crime certainly sends shivers down my spine.
▪ Their wild, excited calling sent shivers down my spine as they continued on their journey south.
▪ The Octopus Back Massager will send shivers down his spine.
▪ Even the digression up to Cajamarca now seemed in retrospect more like an adventure than something to send shivers down the spine.
▪ We both kept waiting for the moment when the experience would overwhelm us and send chills up our spines.
send shivers/chills up (and down) your spine
▪ Stephen King's novels have sent shivers up readers' spines for more than 20 years.
▪ He kicked her sending shivers up her spine; again she yelped, and everything turned black.
▪ We both kept waiting for the moment when the experience would overwhelm us and send chills up our spines.
▪ Hedgehogs' backs are covered with stiff, sharp spines.
▪ For months he had hung between life and death, with a bullet in his spine.
▪ Her spine twisted; in her dreams she twisted, turning toward that clearing again, again.
▪ Hold that stretch, pulling and elongating the spine from the very base out of the hips, chin to chest.
▪ It could be toxoplasmosis spreading through his spine.
▪ Now he was scheduled to undergo a second surgery the next day to repair nerve and disc damage in his spine.
▪ Plain radiographs of the cervical spine in flexion and extension will allow recognition of atlantoaxial subluxation and subaxial subluxation.
▪ The posture puts an unnatural stress on the spine and shortens the neck.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Spine \Spine\, n. [L. spina thorn, the spine; akin to spica a point: cf. OF. espine, F. ['e]pine. Cf. Spike, Spinet a musical instrument, Spinny.]

  1. (Bot.) A sharp appendage to any of a plant; a thorn.

  2. (Zo["o]l.)

    1. A rigid and sharp projection upon any part of an animal.

    2. One of the rigid and undivided fin rays of a fish.

  3. (Anat.) The backbone, or spinal column, of an animal; -- so called from the projecting processes upon the vertebr[ae].

  4. Anything resembling the spine or backbone; a ridge.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1400, "backbone," later "thornlike part" (early 15c.), from Old French espine "thorn, prickle; backbone, spine" (12c., Modern French épine), from Latin spina "backbone," originally "thorn, prickle" (figuratively, in plural, "difficulties, perplexities"), from PIE *spe-ina-, from root *spei- "sharp point" (see spike (n.1)). Meaning "the back of a book" is first attested 1922.


n. The series of bones situated at the back from the head to the pelvis of a person, or from the head to the tail of an animal; backbone, vertebral column.

  1. n. the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord; "the fall broke his back" [syn: spinal column, vertebral column, backbone, back, rachis]

  2. any pointed projection [syn: spur]

  3. a sharp-pointed tip on a stem or leaf [syn: thorn, prickle, pricker, sticker]

  4. a sharp rigid animal process or appendage; as a porcupine quill or a ridge on a bone or a ray of a fish fin


Spine or Spinal may refer to:

Spine (journal)
''This article is about the Lippincott-published journal, the spine journal most cited in the scholarly community. For the Elsevier journal, see The Spine Journal.

Spine is a biweekly peer-reviewed medical journal covering research in the field of orthopaedics, especially concerning the spine. It was established in 1976 and is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. The current editor-in-chief is James N. Weinstein. Spine is considered the leading orthopaedic journal covering cutting-edge spine research. Spine is available in print, online, and on the iPad; there is an accompanying Spine blog. Spine is considered the most cited journal in orthopaedics today.

Spine (zoology)

In a zoological context, a spine is a hard, needle-like anatomical structure. Spines are found in a wide range of animals both vertebrate and invertebrate.

In most spiny mammals, the spines are modified hairs, with a spongy center covered in a thick, hard layer of keratin, and a sharp, sometimes barbed, tip.

SPINE (molecular biology)

SPINE stands for strep–protein interaction experiment. SPINE is a powerful tool to detect protein–protein interactions in vivo. The bait protein has to be expressed with a Strep-tag under the conditions when the potential interaction partners are presumably present in the cells. The addition of formaldehyde links the bait protein to its potential interaction partners. The bait protein together with its potential interaction partners can then be isolated using a Streptactin sepharose column. The cross-links between the bait protein and the potential interaction partner can be cleaved by heating the samples in Laemmli buffer. Finally, the co-purified interaction partner can be separated by SDS PAGE and identified by mass spectrometry.

SPINE (software)

SPINE is a free, open source content management system for publishing content on the World Wide Web and intranets. The system includes features like easy Web-based administration, full template support to separate style from content, common components like navigation bars, macros, message boards, and page statistics, and the ability to mix static and dynamic content transparently. SPINE is licensed under the GPL, and is written in the Perl programming language and can use the MySQL or PostgreSQL database.

Usage examples of "spine".

They were in the Entity Control area of the Level Eight docks, Affronter section, surrounded by Affronters, their slaved drones and other machines, a few members of other species who could tolerate the same conditions as the Affront, as well as numerous Tier sintricates - floating around like little dark balls of spines - all coming and going, leaving or joining travelators, spin cars, lifts and inter-section transport carriages.

Pigne speaks of a woman of thirty-eight, who in the eighth month of her sixth pregnancy was gored by a bull, the horn effecting a transverse wound 27 inches long, running from one anterior spine to the other.

Murphy ground his teeth together, anticipating the strike, the pain as it vaporized his legs or spine.

She moved quickly, arching up in her spine and dislocating the hinge of her jaws, unfurling her great hollow fangs.

Chambersburg only two days when Scott ordered him to wait until some regular infantrymen and several batteries of artillery reached him to give spine to his volunteers.

On ahead the lanthorn-bearer, with arched spine and shaking knees, dragging shuffling footsteps along the corridor, then the corporal with two of his soldiers, then Heron closely followed by de Batz, and finally two more soldiers bringing up the rear.

I imagine this Aquarius as an old, stooped man, his spine warped by the weight of a wooden yoke from which hang a pair of brimming pails.

Men cleaned their rifles, burnished their buttons and closed them to the neck, stubbed out their cigarettes and trembled a little while Castelani rampaged through the camp at Chaldi, dealing out duties, ferreting out the malingerers and stiffening spines with the swishing cane in his right hand.

Most had manes braided down the spine but pulled up into a cascading horsetail on the crown of the head.

Lo Manto put his gun back against his spine and rested his arms on top of the iron railing.

One of the spokes of that wheel flew off like a javelin and hit de la Mery in the back of the neck at the point where it joined his spine.

Shells of mollusks are exquisitely embellished with ribs, spines, nodes, and colors.

Even as he drew back his sword for another atrocity, the head of the armored murderer burst with such force as to spring apart the two halves of the steel morion, leaving nothing above his blood-spouting neck save shredded tendons and a bit of spine.

Lying on the back is injurious, since by so doing the spine becomes heated, especially if the person sleeps on feathers, the circulation is obstructed and local congestions are encouraged.

The light of the Earth passed over his orthoscopic monitor, and for a second he thought it was an attacking Zak and felt a shiver run down his spine.