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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a spinal injury (=an injury to the spine)
▪ The injured boy is being treated for a spinal injury.
spinal column
spinal cord
▪ Chiropractic Practitioners deal with the structural relationships between the nerve tissues and the spinal column.
▪ The central rod is known as the Sushumna and corresponds to the spinal column.
▪ These are connected vertically to the idol along the spinal column, over the chakras and end at the head.
▪ The pinioned hands of the condemned man went suddenly white as the noose and the drop snapped his spinal column.
▪ They had rudimentary spinal columns and became the forerunners of fish.
▪ At intervals along its length groups of nerve fibres emerge from the spinal column to connect with the peripheral nervous system.
▪ If sophisticated reflexes can be mediated by the spinal cord, what is the purpose of the brain?
▪ Or worse: a disk slipped, or the spinal cord snapped?
▪ For example, it is absent in such diverse conditions as constipation, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and thoracic spinal cord injuries.
▪ Indeed, all of the brain and spinal cord.
▪ But Peter's back was broken and his spinal cord damaged.
▪ Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord due to vitamin B12 deficiency is a treatable condition manifesting sensory ataxia.
▪ In vertebrates the brain is the much expanded front end of the spinal cord.
▪ These deliver serotonin to wide areas of the brain and spinal cord.
▪ Toks Akpata has devoted himself to changing the Laws to reduce the risk of spinal injury.
▪ When a vicious tackle leaves him blinded from a spinal injury, his life takes the predictable downward trajectory.
▪ Twenty-four passengers were still being detained in two Dublin hospitals last night with fractures, and one with spinal injuries.
▪ One of the most distressing aspects of spinal injury is an inability to regulate bowel function.
▪ The hospital's famous spinal injuries unit will not be affected.
▪ But Peter's back was broken and his spinal cord damaged.
▪ In vertebrates the brain is the much expanded front end of the spinal cord.
▪ Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord due to vitamin B12 deficiency is a treatable condition manifesting sensory ataxia.
▪ The ball had entered his body in front and passed out near the spinal cord, paralyzing him in legs and arms.
▪ The large majority - around 60% - of cases in this group have spina bifida or spinal gaps.
▪ These deliver serotonin to wide areas of the brain and spinal cord.
▪ To prevent certain paralysis they needed to perform a series of operations to graft a spinal vertebra.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Spinal \Spi"nal\, a. [L. spinalis, fr. spina the spine: cf. F. spinal. See Spine.]

  1. (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the backbone, or vertebral column; rachidian; vertebral.

  2. Of or pertaining to a spine or spines.

    Spinal accessory nerves, the eleventh pair of cranial nerves in the higher vertebrates. They originate from the spinal cord and pass forward into the skull, from which they emerge in company with the pneumogastrics.

    Spinal column, the backbone, or connected series or vertebr[ae] which forms the axis of the vertebrate skeleton; the spine; rachis; vertebral column.

    Spinal cord, the great nervous cord extending backward from the brain along the dorsal side of the spinal column of a vertebrate animal, and usually terminating in a threadlike appendage called the filum terminale; the spinal, or vertebral, marrow; the myelon. The nervous tissue consists of nerve fibers and nerve cells, the latter being confined to the so-called gray matter of the central portions of the cord, while the peripheral white matter is composed of nerve fibers only. The center of the cord is traversed by a slender canal connecting with the ventricles of the brain.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1570s, from Late Latin spinalis "of or pertaining to a thorn or the spine," from Latin spina (see spine). Spinal tap recorded from 1960.


a. of or relating to the spine


adj. of or relating to the spine or spinal cord; "spinal cord"; "spinal injury"


n. anesthesia of the lower half of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord or by injecting an anesthetic beneath the arachnoid membrane that surrounds the spinal cord [syn: spinal anesthesia, spinal anaesthesia]


Usage examples of "spinal".

The muscles in his throat and the strengthened bone of his spinal column prevented Cati from actually snapping his neck, but there was littlie he could do to stop the closure of his windpipe.

The medulla oblongata is traversed by a longitudinal fissure, continuous with that of the spinal cord.

Those of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata are performed without any consciousness or sensation on the part of the subject.

In the posterior chamber of the skull is the cerebellum, anterior to, and below which, is the medulla oblongata, connecting with the spinal cord and sympathetic system.

Its cerebral area includes the posterior and inferior portions of the cerebrum, the entire cerebellum, and that part of the medulla which connects with the spinal cord, all of which sustain intimate relations to vital conditions.

This condition extended through both the larger and the smaller brain, cerebrum, and cerebellum, but was not so marked in the medulla, or commencing portion of the spinal cord, as in the other portions.

IDA : This is a column of sensory and motory nerves on the left side of the spinal cord.

She resumed working on the chemical structure of the neurotrophic growth factor for spinal cord regeneration.

Virtual Paraplegia, Quadriplegic Bulletin Board, Spinal Cord Injury Information Network, Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, Junior sipping chat-room messages or puffing them into the ether.

Luke was a paraplegic, not because of any accident to his spine, but because his spinal nerves were dying of old age.

The impoverished condition of the blood, which led to serous effusions within the ventricles of the brain, and around the brain and spinal cord, and into the pericardial and abdominal cavities, was gradually induced by the action of several causes, but chiefly by the character of the food.

Club-feet, spinal curvature, and other deformities resulting from paralysis, have been successfully treated in our Institution.

These cells receive input from the spinal cord reticular formation, a neuronal network that receives inputs from the entire somato-sensory system.

The ascending tracts collect the various sensations picked up by the spinal cord and carry them upward, through the reticular activating system.

Spigelia Marilandica 314 Spinal Column 24 Spinal Cord 25, 90 Spinal Cord, Reflex Action of the 93 Spinal Curvature, Posterior 898 Spinal Nerves 89 Spirit Vapor-bath 362 Spirometer 391, 392 Spleen 44 Sponge Bath 365 Sprains 892 Squaw-root 305 Stapes 110 Static Electrical Machine 629 Sterility 707 Sternum 23 Stethoscope 391 Stimulants 348 Stomach 39, 52 Stomach, Inflammation of the 882, 884 Stomach, Neuralgia of the 885 Stomatitis 553 Stomatitis Materna 554 Stone in the Bladder 838 Stone-pock 442 Stone-root 337 Story of Sexual Abuse 394 Stramonium 344 Striae 31 Stricture of the Urethra 775, 843 Strumous Diathesis 445 Strumous Synovius 453 St.