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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Sparta

capital of Laconia in ancient Greece, famed for severity of its social order, the frugality of its people, the valor of its arms, and the brevity of its speech. Also for dirty boys, men vain of their long hair, boxing girls, iron money, and insufferable black broth. The name is said to be from Greek sparte "cord made from spartos," a type of broom, from PIE *spr-to-, from root *sper- (2) "to turn, twist" (see spiral (adj.)). Perhaps the reference is to the cords laid as foundation markers for the city. Or the whole thing could be folk etymology.

Gazetteer
Sparta, WI -- U.S. city in Wisconsin
Population (2000): 8648
Housing Units (2000): 3733
Land area (2000): 5.465749 sq. miles (14.156224 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.058371 sq. miles (0.151181 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 5.524120 sq. miles (14.307405 sq. km)
FIPS code: 75325
Located within: Wisconsin (WI), FIPS 55
Location: 43.943061 N, 90.811818 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 54656
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, WI
Sparta
Sparta, MO -- U.S. city in Missouri
Population (2000): 1144
Housing Units (2000): 509
Land area (2000): 0.877077 sq. miles (2.271618 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.877077 sq. miles (2.271618 sq. km)
FIPS code: 69302
Located within: Missouri (MO), FIPS 29
Location: 37.000320 N, 93.083407 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 65753
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, MO
Sparta
Sparta, NC -- U.S. town in North Carolina
Population (2000): 1817
Housing Units (2000): 922
Land area (2000): 2.374490 sq. miles (6.149901 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 2.374490 sq. miles (6.149901 sq. km)
FIPS code: 63680
Located within: North Carolina (NC), FIPS 37
Location: 36.505639 N, 81.121718 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 28675
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, NC
Sparta
Sparta, GA -- U.S. city in Georgia
Population (2000): 1522
Housing Units (2000): 725
Land area (2000): 1.821947 sq. miles (4.718821 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.004707 sq. miles (0.012192 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.826654 sq. miles (4.731013 sq. km)
FIPS code: 72584
Located within: Georgia (GA), FIPS 13
Location: 33.277269 N, 82.971467 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, GA
Sparta
Sparta, OH -- U.S. village in Ohio
Population (2000): 191
Housing Units (2000): 75
Land area (2000): 0.088447 sq. miles (0.229076 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.088447 sq. miles (0.229076 sq. km)
FIPS code: 73950
Located within: Ohio (OH), FIPS 39
Location: 40.394773 N, 82.699527 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 43350
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, OH
Sparta
Sparta, IL -- U.S. city in Illinois
Population (2000): 4486
Housing Units (2000): 2014
Land area (2000): 9.033397 sq. miles (23.396391 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.149693 sq. miles (0.387702 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 9.183090 sq. miles (23.784093 sq. km)
FIPS code: 71448
Located within: Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
Location: 38.128152 N, 89.706070 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 62286
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, IL
Sparta
Sparta, KY -- U.S. city in Kentucky
Population (2000): 230
Housing Units (2000): 108
Land area (2000): 5.548141 sq. miles (14.369619 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.006747 sq. miles (0.017475 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 5.554888 sq. miles (14.387094 sq. km)
FIPS code: 72372
Located within: Kentucky (KY), FIPS 21
Location: 38.685753 N, 84.907136 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 41086
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, KY
Sparta
Sparta, TN -- U.S. city in Tennessee
Population (2000): 4599
Housing Units (2000): 2192
Land area (2000): 6.341607 sq. miles (16.424687 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 6.341607 sq. miles (16.424687 sq. km)
FIPS code: 70180
Located within: Tennessee (TN), FIPS 47
Location: 35.932335 N, 85.469837 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, TN
Sparta
Sparta, MI -- U.S. village in Michigan
Population (2000): 4159
Housing Units (2000): 1704
Land area (2000): 2.440843 sq. miles (6.321754 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 2.440843 sq. miles (6.321754 sq. km)
FIPS code: 75420
Located within: Michigan (MI), FIPS 26
Location: 43.159022 N, 85.708773 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 49345
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Sparta, MI
Sparta
Wikipedia
Sparta (disambiguation)

Sparta was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece.

Sparta may also refer to:

Sparta (band)

Sparta is an American rock band from El Paso, Texas, formed in 2001. Founding members Jim Ward (vocalist/guitarist) and Tony Hajjar (drummer) are also members of post-hardcore group At the Drive-In. Keeley Davis (guitarist) is the former frontman of Engine Down.

Sparta (modern)

Sparta (, Spártī), is a city in Laconia, Greece. It lies at the site of ancient Sparta. The municipality population in 2011 was 35,259, of whom 17,408 lived in the city itself.

Sparta (moth)

Sparta is a genus of moth in the family Geometridae.

Sparta (album)

Sparta is a collaborative album by M.O.P. and production team Snowgoons released on November 22, 2011 on Babygrande Records. The album is entirely produced by the Snowgoons.

Sparta

Sparta ( Doric Greek: ; Attic Greek: ) was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece. In antiquity the city-state was known as Lacedaemon (; ), while the name Sparta referred to its main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Around 650 BC, it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece.

Given its military pre-eminence, Sparta was recognized as the overall leader of the combined Greek forces during the Greco-Persian Wars. Between 431 and 404 BC, Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War, from which it emerged victorious, though at great cost of lives lost. Sparta's defeat by Thebes in the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC ended Sparta's prominent role in Greece. However, it maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC. It then underwent a long period of decline, especially in the Middle Ages, when many Spartans moved to live in Mystras. Modern Sparta is the capital of the Greek regional unit of Laconia and a center for the processing of goods such as citrus and olives.

Sparta was unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, which completely focused on military training and excellence. Its inhabitants were classified as Spartiates (Spartan citizens, who enjoyed full rights), mothakes (non-Spartan free men raised as Spartans), perioikoi (freedmen), and helots (state-owned serfs, enslaved non-Spartan local population). Spartiates underwent the rigorous agoge training and education regimen, and Spartan phalanges were widely considered to be among the best in battle. Spartan women enjoyed considerably more rights and equality to men than elsewhere in the classical world.

Sparta was the subject of fascination in its own day, as well as in the West following the revival of classical learning. This love or admiration of Sparta is known as Laconism or Laconophilia. At its peak around 500 BC the size of the city would have been some 20,000 – 35,000 free residents, plus numerous helots and perioikoi (“dwellers around”). At 40,000 – 50,000 it was one of the largest Greek cities; however, according to Thucydides, the population of Athens in 431 BC was 360,000 – 610,000, making it unlikely that Athens was smaller than Sparta in 5th century BC. The French classicist François Ollier in his 1933 book Le mirage spartiate ("The Spartan Mirage") warned that a major scholarly problem regarding Sparta is that all the surviving accounts of Sparta were written by non-Spartans who often presented an excessively idealized image of Sparta. Ollier's theory of the "Spartan mirage" has been widely accepted by scholars.

Sparta (rocket)

The Sparta was a three-stage rocket that launched Australia's first Earth satellite, WRESAT, on 29 November 1967. The first stage was recovered from the Simpson Desert in 1990 after being found in searches by explorer Dick Smith the previous year.

Sparta used a surplus American Redstone as its first stage, an Antares-2 as a second stage, and a BE-3 as a third stage. Several Spartas were launched from 1966–67 from Woomera Test Range in Woomera, South Australia as part of a joint United States– United Kingdom–Australian research program aimed at understanding re-entry phenomena, and the U.S. donated a spare for the scientific satellite launch into polar orbit.

Sparta (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Sparta was the daughter of Eurotas by Clete. She was wife of Lacedaemon (also her uncle) by whom she became the mother of Amyclas and Eurydice of Argos (no relation to Orpheus' Eurydice). The city of Sparta is said to have been named after her; however, the city was often called Lacedaemon as well. The two names were used interchangeably. Sparta was represented on a sacrificial tripod at Amyclae.

She was said to be a fair and beautiful maiden worth defending and protecting at all costs. Villages and armies would often shout her name before entering battle representing what they were fighting for.

Category:Laconian mythology Category:Spartan princesses Category:Queens in Greek mythology Category:Princesses in Greek mythology

Sparta (magazine)

ΣPARTA is a semiannual educational magazine dedicated to the ancient Spartan and Greek history, with a readership that mainly represents teachers, historians, re-enactors, and other individuals interested in the history of ancient Greece. The managing editor is Robert Montgomerie.

The magazine is published by Markoulakis Publications. It is mainly distributed in the United Kingdom, but was also marketed in Europe, Canada, and the USA. The magazine initially appeared as an open access magazine entitled Sparta's Journal in 2004. The first print issue of ΣPARTA had June 2006 as cover-date.

Sparta (athletic club)

Sparta Atletik is a Danish track and field club, and one of the leading clubs in Denmark.

The club is known for winning the major part of the individual medals at the Danish championships, and having the most athletes represented on the different national teams.

The most famous athlete ever to have represented Sparta is the former 800 metres world record-holder and current 1000 and 800 metres distance indoors world record-holder Wilson Kipketer, who won gold medals representing Sparta in three successive editions of the IAAF World Championships in Athletics, and took medals at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney and 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. Kipketer's 800 meters world record on an outdoor track stood undefeated for almost 13 years.

Usage examples of "sparta".

Behind them came ambassadors from the city states of Athens, Corinth, Thebes and even Sparta, plus representatives from Boeotia, Pherae, Euboea, Thrace, Illyria and Paionia.

Thermopylae: Go, stranger, to Lacedaemon,-- And tell Sparta that we lie here in obedience to her laws.

For years Philip had schemed and plotted to rule Greece, organizing an army of agents and subversives in all the major cities, outwitting the likes of Demosthenes and Aischines in Athens and the most brilliant minds of Sparta, Thebes and Corinth.

In the republick of Sparta, it was agreed, that stealing was not dishonourable, if not discovered.

Middle Kingdom, it resembles no other place in the world with the possible exception of Sparta.

There were only two Macedonian victors: Philotas won the middle-distance race, and Alexander rode Bucephalus to victory against horsemen from Thrace, Athens, Sparta, Thessaly and Corinth.

In spite of this, I confess that the phenomerides of Sparta were in the right, like all women who, though they possess a fine figure, have a repulsive face.

  He wrested from the Franks several of the noblest islands of the Archipelago, Lesbos, Chios, and Rhodes: his brother Constantine was sent to command in Malvasia and Sparta.

In the fifteenth, in the forty-eighth year of the priestess-ship of Chrysis at Argos, in the ephorate of Aenesias at Sparta, in the last month but two of the archonship of Pythodorus at Athens, and six months after the battle of Potidaea, just at the beginning of spring, a Theban force a little over three hundred strong, under the command of their Boeotarchs, Pythangelus, son of Phyleides, and Diemporus, son of Onetorides, about the first watch of the night, made an armed entry into Plataea, a town of Boeotia in alliance with Athens.

Chapter XVI Feeling against Sparta in Peloponnese - League of the Mantineans, Eleans, Argives, and Athenians - Battle of Mantinea and breaking up of the League After the treaty and the alliance between the Lacedaemonians and Athenians, concluded after the ten years' war, in the ephorate of Pleistolas at Lacedaemon, and the archonship of Alcaeus at Athens, the states which had accepted them were at peace.

So here she is, out there carryin' water for Croser, and if Croser's not smart enough to see what Bronson has in mind for Sparta, this one is.

  Except in the singular institutions of Sparta, the wisest legislators have disapproved an agrarian law as a false and dangerous innovation.

Skilly had been eclectically well read even before she arrived on Sparta, but sometimes he regretted introducing her to the classic works on guerrilla warfare and factional politics.

The SPARTA project got its acronymous name, plus a small staff and several new students.

When we reflect on the fame of Thebes and Argos, of Sparta and Athens, we can scarcely persuade ourselves, that so many immortal republics of ancient Greece were lost in a single province of the Roman empire, which, from the superior influence of the Achaean league, was usually denominated the province of Achaia.