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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Solver \Sol"ver\ (s[o^]lv"[~e]r), n. One who, or that which, solves.


n. One who solves.


n. a thinker who focuses on the problem as stated and tries to synthesize information and knowledge to achieve a solution [syn: problem solver, convergent thinker]


A solver is a generic term indicating a piece of mathematical software, possibly in the form of a stand-alone computer program or as a software library, that 'solves' a mathematical problem. A solver takes problem descriptions in some sort of generic form and calculates their solution. In a solver, the emphasis is on creating a program or library that can easily be applied to other problems of similar type.

Types of problems with existing dedicated solvers include:

  • Linear and non-linear equations. In the case of a single equation, the "solver" is more appropriately called a root-finding algorithm.
  • Systems of linear equations.
  • Nonlinear systems.
  • Systems of polynomial equations, which are a special case of non linear systems, better solved by specific solvers.
  • Linear and non-linear optimisation problems
  • Systems of ordinary differential equations
  • Systems of differential algebraic equations
  • Boolean satisfiability problem problems, including SAT solvers
  • Constraint satisfaction problems
  • Shortest path problems
  • Minimum spanning tree problems
  • Search algorithms

The General Problem Solver (GPS) is a particular computer program created in 1957 by Herbert Simon, J.C. Shaw, and Allen Newell intended to work as a universal problem solver, that theoretically can be used to solve every possible problem that can be formalized in a symbolic system, given the right input configuration. It was the first computer program which separated its knowledge of problems (in the form of domain rules) from its strategy of how to solve problems (as a general search engine).

General solvers typically use an architecture similar to the GPS to decouple a problem's definition from the strategy used to solve it. The advantage in this decoupling is that the solver doesn't depend on the details of any particular problem instance. The strategy utilized by general solvers was based on a general algorithm (generally based on backtracking) with the only goal of completeness. This induces an exponential computational time that dramatically limits their usability. Modern solvers use a more specialized approach, which takes advantage of the structure of the problems that the solver aims for spending as few time as possible in backtracking.

For problems of a particular class (e.g., systems of non-linear equations) there are usually a wide range of different algorithms available; sometimes a solver implements multiple algorithms, but sometimes just one.

Solver (band)

Solver (formerly Extortion) is a band based in Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia with Morgan Evans on guitar/vocals, his brother Tom Evans on bass and Nick Cook on drums. They have been labeled "some of Newcastle’s most prominent musicians" by the Newcastle Music Directory.

They won the NSW high school band competition Youthrock in 2002 when still called Extortion. They've acted since in The Sydney Opera House, Sydney Entertainment Centre, Aussie Stadium and The Sydney Superdome, sharing stage with Evermore, Killing Heidi and The Screaming Jets.

Usage examples of "solver".

Angus Gordon specialized in planning and bioengineering, but more importantly he was a lateral thinker, a leader and problem solver, not a manipulative bully.

A flood of self-help books describe ACA's variously as overly anxious and responsible, passive placaters, martyrs, apathetic, substance abusers, poor problem solvers, distrustful, out of touch with their feelings, unable to maintain relationships, codependent, shame-filled, suicidal, and so on.

It is some lesser device--a special-purpose tool like a punched-card reader or Atanasoffs differential equation solver.

But they may have a problem solver hunting for you anyway, and we can't risk their finding you here.

He's a real intellectual, a problem solver, and genius biochemist in addition to being a superb physician.