Find the word definition

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
research and development
▪ Forget the economy, health care or investment in research and development.
▪ In such a situation, investment generally, and research and development spending in particular, might suffer.
▪ It will have a capacity of 30 megawatts and will serve as a research and development centre.
▪ Now, the company is poised to deliver on the promise it has used to leverage its future during research and development.
▪ Our total expenditure on research and development in the past year amounted to £25.0 million.
▪ Specifically, we would like to see the extension of tax credits to cover the research and development work of large firms.
▪ They have a research and development team.
▪ Unless there is a prospect of orders, research and development in the military sector is bound to suffer.
Research and development

Research and development (R&D), also known in Europe as research and technical (or technological) development (RTD), is a general term for activities in connection with corporate or governmental innovation. Research and development is a component of Innovation and is situated at the front end of the Innovation life cycle. Innovation builds on R&D and includes commercialization phases.

The activities that are classified as R&D differ from company to company, but there are two primary models, with an R&D department being either staffed by engineers and tasked with directly developing new products, or staffed with industrial scientists and tasked with applied research in scientific or technological fields which may facilitate future product development. In either case, R&D differs from the vast majority of corporate activities in that it is not often intended to yield immediate profit, and generally carries greater risk and an uncertain return on investment.

Usage examples of "research and development".

This raises for some manufacturers the specter of receiving thousands of their products back all at once--a terrifying prospect that compels them to pour a high percentage of their revenues into research and development in a frantic, never-ending effort to stay ahead of the pack.

One of the first was with Onregon Sligh, the obese chief of Research and Development.

Otherwise, all Flux resources would be diverted to research and development projects.

Ciety, Research and Development, had closed gently, but firmly behind them.

He ended up in the Research and Development department, where he stole a sample of a newly developed.

Since when did we start to believe the cack Research and Development hands out?

That's the position of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, so it's mine.

Twenty-four-year-old Dwight Welles was senior computer tech for all of Dream Park, a man whose four-poster at Cowles Modular saw him far less than his cot at Research and Development.

While this has long been the case for fielded systems, it is becoming true for even the most sophisticated research and development programs being undertaken by defense organizations.

Meanwhile, their untouched population base, industrial base, research and development base, transportation base, and the like keep growing.

This work is still mostly exploratory, research and development, but it’.

Internationally, the Pentagon was an intervention force, but domestically it was a method by which the government could coordinate the private economy, provide welfare to major corporations, subsidize them, arrange the flow of taxpayer money to research and development, provide a state-guaranteed market for excess production, target advanced industries for development, etc.

Ciety, Research and Development, there were two rather nondescript individuals seated in the lounge area, but no one was behind the reception desk.

It is true that until the Eurasian War the Domination imported many of its research and development personnel.