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Raya may refer to:

  • Raya (country subdivision), administrative unit of the Ottoman Empire
  • raya, a Turkish taxpaying serf
  • Raya, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Raya, Simalungun, a town in Indonesia
  • Raya, Nepal, a village in NW Nepal
  • Raya and Sakina, Egyptian serial killers
  • Rayah or Raya, a member of the tax-paying lower class in the Ottoman Empire
  • Raya (Smallville), a fictional character in the TV series Smallville
  • La raya TV Show
Raya (country subdivision)

Raya or Raia is a term used in Romanian historiography to refer to former territories of the mediaeval principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia held under the direct administration of the Ottoman Empire, as opposed to the principalities, which kept their internal autonomy under Ottoman suzerainty. The term originated from rayah, a generic name for the non-Muslim subjects of the Ottoman Empire. Though mainly populated by Christian populations, a raya was ruled according to Ottoman law.

A raia consisted of an important fortress and its hinterland, which generally formed a kaza in the Ottoman administrative system. In Wallachia, the raia were located on the northern bank of the Danube, around the fortresses of Turnu Măgurele, Giurgiu and Brăila, while in Moldavia they were situated on the eastern border, around the fortresses of Kiliya, Akkerman, Bender and Khotin. The territories in Wallachia were transferred back to the latter in 1829 by the Treaty of Adrianople.

Raya (app)

Raya is an exclusive online dating app launched in March 2015. The app describes itself as "an exclusive dating and networking platform for people in creative industries.” The app decides who can become a member based on the applicant's Instagram influence and how many active Raya members follow them. It also costs $8/month (in US dollars) to be a member of Raya.

Usage examples of "raya".

Raya made her way into the corridor to find Blee weaving around other evacuees as she maneuvered up the passageway toward her.

Raya noticed Blee keeping pace with her rather than heading for her own emergency station.

Echama Naique entered in triumph the tents of Jaga Raya, finding in them all the royal insignia belonging to the old King and these he delivered to the young prince, the Son of Chica Raya, proclaiming him rightful heir and King of all the empire of Bisnaga.

The Story of Barradas (1614)       Chandragiri in 1614 -- Death of King Venkata -- Rebellion of Jaga Raya and murder of the royal family -- Loyalty of Echama Naik -- The Portuguese independent at San Thome -- Actors in the drama -- The affair at "Paleacate.

He tells us that Virupaksha Raya ("Verupacarao") was a weak and unworthy sovereign, in whose days large tracts of land were lost to the Muhammadans, including Goa, Chaul, and Dabhol.

The country about Madras was then ruled over by a governor or Naik, and so little heed did he pay to the wishes or commands of his titular sovereign, that although the Raya had directed that the name of the new town should be "SrirangaRayalapatnam" ("city of Sri Ranga Raya"), the Naik christened it after the name of his own father, Chenna, and called it "Chennapatnam," by which appellation it has ever since been known to the Hindus.

      The Raya, in spite of the season being that of the rains, pressed forward to Mudkal, an important city in the Raichur Doab, or the large triangle of country lying west of the junction of the Krishna and Tungabhadra rivers, a territory which was ever a debatable ground between the Hindus and Mussulmans, and the scene of constant warfare for the next 200 years.

      The Raya replied by a counter-demand that the Sultan should evacuate the whole of the Doab, since Raichur and Mudkal had always belonged to the Anegundi family.

Meanwhile Bukka Raya overrun the Doab, advanced as far as the river Krishna, and invested the fortress of Raichur.

The Reign of Achyuta Raya       Achyuta Raya -- Fall of Raichur and Mudkal -- Asada Khan and Goa -- Disturbances at Bijapur -- Ibrahim Shah at the Hindu capital -- Firishtah on Vijayanagar affairs -- Rise of Rama Raya and his brothers -- "Hoje" -- Tirumala -- Varying legends -- Venkatadri defeated by Asada Khan near Adoni -- Asada Khan's career -- Belgaum and Goa -- Asada's duplicity -- Portuguese aggressions -- Religious grants by, and inscriptions relating to, Achyuta.

The Raya received Asada favourably, and, as a present, gave him two towns, "Tunge and Turugel,"[286]since he hoped for his aid against the Sultan.

The Sultan thence wrote to the Raya demanding the delivery to him of his recalcitrant "slave," and the Raya sent on the letter to Asada Khan, who told the king that he would never join the Muhammadans, but would remain faithful to Vijayanagar.

A short pause ensued, during which the Raya learned that constant messages were passing between the camps of the Sultan and Asada Khan.

      In the end, says Barros, the Adil Shah, secretly fearful of Asada Khan's duplicity, made a treaty of peace with the Raya, by which the Muhammadans retained Raichur but gave up some other territory.

Albuquerque was now placed in a position of some political importance, and he wrote first to Vijayanagar saying that he would give the Raya the refusal of all his horses if he would pay him 30,000 cruzados per annum for the supply, and send his own servants to Goa to fetch away the animals, and also that he would aid the king in his war if he was paid the expense of the troops.