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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ It might be much bigger if the drug could be used to prevent, as opposed to treat, prostate cancer.
▪ This calculation, often used in arguments about screening for prostate cancer by those critical of screening and early detection measures.
▪ Medical experts said prostate cancer is not uncommon in men over 60.
▪ Even among men diagnosed as having clinical prostate cancer only one in three dies of the disease.
▪ Before the hearings began, Cranston announced on Nov. 8 that he was suffering from prostate cancer.
▪ The molecular properties of prostate cancer are being intensively investigated.
▪ Radiotherapy and radical prostatectomy are effective in treating locally confined prostate cancer.
▪ The statistics show four men who worked there have died of prostate cancer.
▪ This includes massaging the prostate gland and massaging the urethra over a metal sound.
▪ The largest and most important of these is the prostate gland.
▪ The adult rat provides another example: it has been found that cells in its prostate gland need the hormone testosterone.
▪ Some men have an additional problem because an enlarged prostate gland can cause almost permanent incontinence.
▪ No pressure group within the medical profession is lobbying for the right to save men's lives by regularly examining the prostate.
▪ Of those cancers that seem to be limited to the prostate clinically, 25-35% will have lymph node metastases.
▪ Radiotherapy for cancer of the prostate was also in two phases but with a 25 Gray phase two, in 15 fractions.
▪ Screening for prostatic cancer Editor, - Fritz H Schröder makes a cogent case against widespread screening for cancer of the prostate.
▪ Several times Lawrence and colleagues accentuate the damaging effect of treatment on patients with cancer of the prostate.
▪ Since 84% of apparently localised cancers of the prostate progress if left untreated some centres advocate radical prostatectomy for early cancer.
▪ The cancer, according to Allen, has not spread beyond the prostate.
▪ This includes massaging the prostate gland and massaging the urethra over a metal sound.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Prostate \Pros"tate\, a. [Gr. ? standing before, fr. ? to set before; ? before + ? to set: cf. F. prostate.] (Anat.) Standing before; -- applied to a gland which is found in the males of most mammals, and is situated at the neck of the bladder where this joins the urethra. -- n. The prostate gland.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1640s, from Middle French prostate, from Medieval Latin prostata "the prostate," from Greek prostates (aden) "prostate (gland)," from prostates "leader, ruler, guardian; one standing in front," from proistanai "set before," from pro- "before" (see pro-) + histanai "cause to stand" from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet). So called from its position at the base of the bladder.


Etymology 1 a. Of or relating to the prostate gland. n. The prostate gland. Etymology 2

a. (alternative spelling of pro-state English)


adj. relating to the prostate gland [syn: prostatic]


n. a firm partly muscular chestnut sized gland in males at the neck of the urethra; produces a viscid secretion that is the fluid part of semen [syn: prostate gland]


The prostate (from Ancient Greek προστάτης, prostates, literally "one who stands before", "protector", "guardian") is a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male reproductive system in most mammals. It differs considerably among species anatomically, chemically, and physiologically.

The function of the prostate is to secrete a slightly alkaline fluid, milky or white in appearance, that in humans usually constitutes roughly 30% of the volume of the semen along with spermatozoa and seminal vesicle fluid. Semen is made alkaline overall with the secretions from the other contributing glands, including, at least, the seminal vesicle fluid. The alkalinity of semen helps neutralize the acidity of the vaginal tract, prolonging the lifespan of sperm. The prostatic fluid is expelled in the first ejaculate fractions, together with most of the spermatozoa. In comparison with the few spermatozoa expelled together with mainly seminal vesicular fluid, those expelled in prostatic fluid have better motility, longer survival and better protection of the genetic material.

The prostate also contains some smooth muscles that help expel semen during ejaculation.

Usage examples of "prostate".

Just look at the stats: Taking 162 milligrams of aspirin a day can decrease the risk of getting colon cancer by 40 percent, the risk of breast cancer by 40 percent, and the risk of prostate cancer by 40 percent.

As the prostate gland becomes more irritated and inflamed from the natural progress of the disease, or from the irritation caused by the passage of instruments, or the employment of strong, harsh, stimulating diuretics, the urine becomes cloudy, and still later is found to have deposited during the night in the chamber utensil a quantity of thick, tenacious, and usually offensive mucus.

For example, prostate cancer tumors grow in the presence of the hormone dihydrotestosterone, which is formed from testosterone.

Genistein indirectly inhibits the production of dihydrotestosterone, stopping prostate cancer in its tracks.

Again, the habit of self-pollution weakens all the structures of the genital organs, and induces seminal waste, which may lead to a morbid diminution in the size of the prostate gland.

Consumption of fatty fish and soy reduces the risk of prostate cancer for men.

Apart from the usual faithful companions of old age, Arthritis, Angina, Thrombosis, Prostate Cancer, there now appeared illnesses such as Poliakoff's Syndrome where the sufferer's body fat became so tired and worn out that it caught fire and burned from within like a fire-bombed council house, there was Clutterbuck's Disease in which the excessively old person's bones calcified to such a degree that they more or less turned into a pillar of salt, and the memory loss that occurred in those of seventy, eighty, ninety, was replaced by memory gain in those of one hundred and thirty, forty, fifty.

He had spoken rather forcefully and now fell back on his pillow, aching in the cancered prostate, in his failing kidneys and in each of his four broken bones.

He'd lost them both and had overnight become a diabetic old man nursing a cirrhotic liver, a bad heart, and a prostate the size of a beach ball.

In addition to the pleasures of a diseased prostate, he had now developed angina pectoris, a new and boisterous ailment which could be counted on to stab him in the middle of a speech, leaving him breathless and faint.

I wish I didnt have to keep nine fucking doctors on retainer cause Im such a fucking hypochondriac, and I wish I didnt have the chutzpah--which is the same as audacity to you goyim--to try to break the worlds record for getting blow jobs, cause I think Ive reached the point where all that suction is doing my prostate more harm than good.

Ahead of me, if the experience of other men is any guide, lies the familiar litany of complaints, including heart disorders, clogged arteries, bladder trouble, joint problems, prostate enlargement, memory loss, colon cancer, and so on.

His prostate gland now has the size and consistency of a croquet ball.

It invaded his prostate, his testes, his epididymis, rendering him sterile several times over, the hard way.

The same principle extended to oncology, where the funding for breast cancer, which attacked roughly one woman in ten, far outstripped research in prostate cancer, which afflicted roughly half of the male population.