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postpartum depression

n. depression experienced by a parent (usually the mother) after childbirth

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression (PPD), also called postnatal depression, is a type of clinical depression which can affect both sexes after childbirth. Symptoms may include sadness, low energy, changes in sleeping and eating patterns, reduced desire for sex, crying episodes, anxiety, and irritability. While many women experience self-limited, mild symptoms postpartum, postpartum depression should be suspected when symptoms are severe and have lasted over two weeks.

Although a number of risk factors have been identified, the causes of PPD are not well understood. Hormonal change is hypothesized to contribute as one cause of postpartum depression. The emotional effects of postpartum depression can include sleep deprivation, anxiety about parenthood and caring for an infant, identity crisis, a feeling of loss of control over life, and anxiety due to lack of support from a romantic or sexual partner. Many women recover with treatment such as a support group, counseling, or medication.

About 0.5% to 61% of women will experience depression after delivery. Puerperal psychosis occurs in about 1–2 per thousand women following childbirth. Among men, in particular new fathers, the incidence of postpartum depression has been estimated to be between 1% and 25.5%. In the United States, postpartum depression is one of the leading causes of the murder of children less than one year of age which occurs in about 8 per 100,000 births.

Usage examples of "postpartum depression".

The first indication of emotional problems came when Beatrice's postpartum depression required the attention of a psychiatrist.

She has a history of two apparent suicide attempts following postpartum depression fifty-three years ago.

And your aunt Lydia tells me some crap about postpartum depression and how it was a traumatic birth, and a load of psychological nonsense, but I know my sister, I know the look she's got.

And once the postpartum depression lifted, the weight I woke up to every morning didn't seem quite so heavy.

There's going to be postpartum depression next week when she goes to take this one back.