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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a career in journalism/politics/teaching etc
▪ At the age of 15, he knew he wanted a career in politics.
an English/history/politics etc essay
▪ He got a good grade for his English essay.
entered politics
▪ She entered politics in 1996.
gender politics (=the way in which men and women compete with each other for power)
▪ Much of the discussion of gender politics is rather simplistic.
party politics
▪ The decision was influenced by party politics.
power politics
sexual politics
talk sport/politics/business etc
▪ ‘Let’s not talk politics now,’ said Hugh impatiently.
▪ Thereafter he dropped out of active politics, and died 6 September 1658.
▪ Since his retirement from the military and his triumphant book tour, Powell has edged steadily toward an active role in politics.
▪ In February 1921 he gave up office and soon afterwards he accepted a peerage and retired from active politics.
▪ The democratic citizen is expected to be active in politics and to be involved.
▪ This is fully understood by everyone active in Washington politics despite all the anguished denials.
▪ The Judicature Society reported that half of the male federal judges were active in party politics before their election to the bench.
▪ He is professionally ambitious, and is active in local politics.
▪ Chapter 5 considers the behavior of those exceptional individuals who are extremely active in politics.
▪ Briefing box 1.1 Making classifications: Aristotle and Finer Description and classification are the building blocks of comparative politics.
▪ All three countries represent a state of affairs that defies predominant theories in comparative politics.
▪ The discussion now turns to key examples from comparative politics that have examined these important questions.
▪ This book provides a good discussion of establishing functional equivalence in comparative politics.
▪ What then are the main conclusions about comparative politics that can be drawn from this cursory comparison to natural science?
▪ The comparative politics literature is rich with examples of these different levels of analysis.
▪ The fourth section summarizes these reasons, justifications, and terms for a science of comparative politics.
▪ And a split is what is needed if democratic politics is to develop in the Soviet Union.
▪ The key to democratic politics is accountability.
▪ In their own ways, each man testified to the importance of labor as a force in Democratic politics.
▪ From this perspective democratic politics, and the two-party system in particular, was the problem and the cause of our economic ills.
▪ Much of the popular carnival atmosphere of traditional democratic politics was eliminated.
▪ It is therefore impossible to be dogmatic about the precise beginnings of modern democratic thinking and politics.
▪ In fact any two years away is a Democratic year. Democratic politics is what you might call future politics.
▪ If you turned to domestic politics, the news was no better.
▪ With domestic politics figured in, the cutoff seems cynical in the extreme.
▪ Not a lot of domestic politics about, thank goodness!
▪ In the spring of 1978, it was dusted off for a more compelling reason, namely domestic politics.
▪ But they must follow somehow. Domestic politics dictates that.
▪ It was not easy to avoid domestic politics but we tried hard to achieve a delicate balance.
▪ This is the new electoral politics.
▪ S policy hostage to electoral politics.
▪ Regional bodies of this sort encourage the representation of interests as interests, rather than their fragmentation through electoral politics.
▪ The 1992 political process demonstrated the impact of this dramatic episode on the electoral politics.
▪ Ideas as such are not central in electoral politics.
▪ Freed from electoral politics, she became an oracle of sorts.
▪ That success led the Newmanites further into electoral politics, where they finally emerged in 1979 as the neutral-sounding New Alliance Party.
▪ But focusing on electoral politics and economic development distracts us from the truly ugly side of our southern neighbor.
▪ Many firms find that the implementation process is not merely complex but that it amplifies strains in the internal politics.
▪ Human institutions can not be understood without understanding their internal politics.
▪ But it was beset by internal politics and narrow-mindedness.
▪ Our evidence for the organization and internal politics of classical Corinth is meagre, and out of proportion to the city's importance.
▪ A number of young activists who had been involved in internal politics since 1976 were also elected.
▪ But our internal press and politics is living in a mad euphoria.
▪ Karadzic's continued freedom and the collective memory loss may suit international politics.
▪ On Tuesday, Grondahl will discuss the role of women leaders in national and international politics.
▪ An important aspect of alliances - like alliances in international politics - is that they frequently are between highly unequal partners.
▪ In the ambiguous world of international politics, clear-cut choices between competing interests and values are rare.
▪ A compromise will be reached but the implications are clear; international eco politics are with us.
▪ For nearly forty-five years, the two Superpowers had dominated international politics, alliances, and trade arrangements.
▪ He will certainly need to be well prepared for the task which faces him, with international cricket politics becoming increasingly complex.
▪ In international politics nothing endures like the provisional and nothing takes as long as the imminent.
▪ The search for an acceptable Merovingian lord affected local as well as court politics.
▪ What emerges from that tainted oven will likely be a typical loaf of local politics leavened by big money.
▪ The nationalization of local politics arose from a specific combination of economic, social and political processes which no longer applies.
▪ The recall made them pay for that mistake and sent out a terrible message about making an error in local politics.
▪ I have been involved in local politics for several years and I am running in South Ward for the second time.
▪ Dole, raised in a Democratic family, registered as a Republican because the party dominated local politics.
▪ The homogeneity of local politics in the 1950s and early 1960s was the exception rather than the rule.
▪ And so Lacy began his foray into local politics.
▪ The realities of modern politics are such that roles may not be confined by constitutional definitions of office.
▪ One of the greatest myths in modern politics is that campaigns are too expensive.
▪ This traditional organisation characterised by individualistic, vertical clienteles militates strongly against the horizontal group-formation typical of modern politics.
▪ A.. Theoretically, caucuses are more like town meetings and are less subject to advertising and other tactics of modern politics.
▪ It has become a truism of modern politics that people will never vote to raise their taxes.
▪ The legacies of these two very different men, intense personal and ideological competitors, continue to influence modern politics today.
▪ What he most wanted to know about was not the ancient world but modern politics with its historical background.
▪ It is part of modern politics for politicians to parade their claims of success every so often.
▪ The 1970s are more difficult to categorize from the point of view of planning and national politics.
▪ One of the strongest factors to be reckoned with in national politics was the press.
▪ Dorset gentry were irritated at Dorchester folk's disregard of their social superiors; national politics brought disaster.
▪ Occidental has long been active in local and national politics.
▪ Only five years ago, Mrs Shephard - the new Employment Secretary - was unknown to national politics.
▪ But he failed in his decade-long quest for a career in national politics.
▪ Devoting his energies to national politics, Adenauer had become President of the Parliamentary Council in 1948-9.
▪ Its owner is a banker, well-placed in national politics.
▪ So far, the absolutist position has dominated Republican presidential politics.
▪ New Hampshire, with a population of only 1. 1 million, has long had a disproportionate influence on presidential politics.
▪ Frenzied fund-raising and free-wheeling spending transformed not only presidential politics but also House and Senate contests.
▪ A day away from presidential politics for a junkie is guaranteed to shift perspective and challenge perception.
▪ The Republicans had dominated presidential politics for almost twenty-five years when Clinton began his bid for the White House.
▪ This represents a dramatic turn of events in presidential politics.
▪ In presidential politics, winning is neither the only thing or everything.
▪ In presidential politics, numbers like these are extremely tempting, particularly in a close election.
▪ The consensus politics of the post-1945 period in which so many of our demands were rooted is no more.
▪ The erosion of consensus politics overtook local government as it did many other areas of public life.
▪ It was the most important disavowal consensus politics in recent history.
▪ The practice of consensus politics has meant no determined action against inequalities by any Labour government.
▪ Those who stay behind spend their time looking for jobs, playing office politics or simply nursing their wounds.
▪ Bob Woodward was a prima donna who played heavily at office politics.
▪ He asks her to cover for him while he is playing office politics elsewhere.
▪ With some disdain, almost all expressed the need to manage office politics.
▪ Then he went back for a week and found he could no longer take the petty office politics.
▪ Their loyalty was therefore to some profounder vision of Britain than that expressed in mere party politics.
▪ There is a hundred things to single you out for promotion in party politics besides ability.
▪ This is not a matter of party politics or personalities or policies or even principles.
▪ The Treasury saw financial control as being concerned with sound finance and above party politics.
▪ Whoever bears the responsibility, the domination of local government by party politics is now almost complete.
▪ His world was one of party politics and current events, rather than long-term trends.
▪ The extreme social and economic difficulties they faced on independence meant that the emergence of recognizably democratic party politics was by no means certain.
▪ Not so different from party politics, really.
▪ The closer you get to old fashioned power politics, the more the classic assets of old fashioned power matter.
▪ The second thing you learn, however, is that this is not simply a power politics street fight.
▪ It's the same in power politics.
▪ If ever there were a sign that money and power politics can be a lethal mix, this was it.
▪ As such she became integral to international strategic thinking and power politics in subsequent years.
▪ The novel departs clearly from Anthony Hope's tale in this element of the power politics of the 1920s.
▪ What startles is the play's modernity: it accords with our own scepticism about power politics.
▪ This outcome of family power politics has to be avoided.
▪ But the moment passed, under the pressure of world politics.
▪ With my friends from home we had discussed Third World politics and our growing awareness of exploitation globally.
▪ Linkage assumed that world politics revolved around the constant struggle for supremacy between the great powers.
▪ I now work for Time magazine, they cover world politics and I cover the international end for them.
▪ The unfortunate Ingeborg remained a pawn in the game of world politics.
▪ The agonized hand-wringing about internationalism and the finer points of world politics were thrust aside.
▪ University College is celebrating one of its old boys landing the biggest job in world politics.
▪ This friendship is about not discussing politics.
▪ Both talking politics and feeling relatively unrestricted about with whom one can safely discuss politics are closely related to educational attainment.
▪ With my friends from home we had discussed Third World politics and our growing awareness of exploitation globally.
▪ How frequently do the students discuss politics?
▪ Near Medina he at last found Ibrahim, who declined to discuss politics.
▪ The principal directed her to stop discussing school politics, to teach economics, and to use more conventional teaching methods.
▪ The Custodian of Absentee Property did not choose to discuss politics.
▪ Still, they can tell you what they were doing last night, or discuss local politics.
▪ So far, the absolutist position has dominated Republican presidential politics.
▪ Here, life is dominated by politics.
▪ For nearly forty-five years, the two Superpowers had dominated international politics, alliances, and trade arrangements.
▪ At college I had been thoroughly disgusted with the male egos that dominated the left-wing student politics.
▪ The Republicans had dominated presidential politics for almost twenty-five years when Clinton began his bid for the White House.
▪ The Conservatives had dominated Hampshire county politics for over a century.
▪ In Iowa, where the antiabortion movement dominates Republican politics, Buchanan moved to stake out the strongest position on the subject.
▪ Cooperation enters politics By the end of the nineteenth century an important cooperative movement was established in West Ham.
▪ Arteaga, 40, entered politics through her participation in government cultural foundations and agencies.
▪ She married, converted to a form of Buddhism and entered politics, forming a new party for the lower castes.
▪ By 1898, Adam Beck was well enough off to enter politics.
▪ He had never had any aspirations to enter politics.
▪ Many of its earlier leaders were lay preachers who entered politics in order to apply their religious ideals in practical ways.
▪ I know you have ambitions to enter politics.
▪ Power and conflict within organisations Introduction All organisations, whether in the public or the private sector, are involved in politics.
▪ At that time, church officials said Yakunin flouted a rule barring priests from being involved in politics.
▪ Most of them have never been involved in politics before, though all of them are Labour voters.
▪ How wonderful, I said to myself, that so many young and attractive people should be getting involved in politics.
▪ Many Hollywood denizens are businessmen who have been involved in politics for years.
▪ Political parties are dying because they refuse to get involved in politics, and then wonder why nobody else does.
▪ The fate of glagolitic became involved with the ecclesiastical politics of Dalmatia, where Byzantine and Latin religious influences overlapped.
▪ An elderly spinster, she had never been very involved in politics.
▪ Bush chose to accuse his rivals of playing politics with the nation's strategic assets.
▪ Bob Woodward was a prima donna who played heavily at office politics.
▪ Customers in internet cafes are more interested in game-#playing than politics.
▪ He asks her to cover for him while he is playing office politics elsewhere.
▪ We have to welcome this money because Cleveland can't afford to play party politics when opportunities on this scale arise.
▪ Dole, to his credit, has repeatedly declined to play politics in the most sensitive diplomatic areas.
▪ Most important, the Sangh was the one force prepared to play the polarising politics of mass mobilisation for communal status.
▪ She was never so happy as when she was mingling with neighbors and playing politics.
▪ We do not, by unspoken consent, talk politics when we meet.
▪ They talked about Washington, politics, the upcoming election, Manhattan...
▪ But Svidrigailov ignores the question and starts talking about politics.
▪ Both talking politics and feeling relatively unrestricted about with whom one can safely discuss politics are closely related to educational attainment.
▪ And I was asked about my interests, and naturally I began to talk about politics.
▪ The frequency of talking politics rises sharply from the primary to the secondary to the university levels in all five countries.
▪ In the normal course of conversation I wouldn't talk about politics, I'd talk more about shagging.
▪ You would talk about politics and he would talk about devices.
▪ Who really understands the politics of the Middle East anyway?
▪ I understood his politics and ethics.
▪ References Power in organizations Introduction Organizations are political systems in which those who understand power and politics win.
▪ But if Lindblom is correct, understanding contemporary politics requires an understanding of its linkages with economics.
▪ I do not understand politics and power.
▪ This book assumes that understanding politics is extremely important.
▪ Like the Rensselaer researchers, Mr Schrage warns innovators that they need to understand company politics.
▪ But the crucial issue relevant to understanding politics concerns the extent to which individual personality and human nature cause political behavior.
be steeped in history/tradition/politics etc
▪ Both are clifftop courses that are steeped in history.
▪ The area is steeped in history.
▪ The Hotel has great character and is steeped in history.
▪ They brought with them a heritage and culture that is steeped in history and literature.
brand of humour/politics/religion etc
▪ Bush was elected on the coat-tails of Ronald Reagan, who in turn worshipped Margaret Thatcher's brand of politics and economics.
▪ I was by no means immune from this brand of humour.
▪ Presenter, Jim Bowen, puts the contestants at ease with his own brand of humour.
that's life/men/politics etc (for you)
the (very) stuff of dreams/life/politics
▪ But such philosophical dissent, at this point, is the stuff of dreams in a dreamworld.
▪ How does a political system handle the incredibly difficult and complicated value allocations that are the stuff of politics?
▪ Our ideas and hopes for the future are the stuff of life.
▪ This was the stuff of life.
▪ Within this realm the stuff of dreams and nightmares can coalesce from the very air.
Politics doesn't interest me much.
▪ an important figure in the world of politics
▪ Brock's been involved in city politics since college.
▪ He made the decision to go into politics last year.
▪ I'm tired of dealing with all of the office politics.
▪ I don't agree with Michael's politics, but he's sure a nice guy.
▪ Maria is very interested in politics and current affairs.
▪ Most of the people questioned thought that unions should not get involved in party politics.
▪ She's been in politics for over twenty years.
▪ The University runs a course in American politics and government.
▪ Thomson has always been deeply involved in local politics.
▪ But a lot of people are mature enough to separate the person from his politics.
▪ Comparative politics focuses on similarities and differences in political processes and structures.
▪ On the university level almost all respondents in each country follow politics.
▪ The doctor, whatever her politics and morals, had lovely skilful hands, which Phoebe could not but admire.
▪ The dominant figure in local Labour politics was Stephen McGonagle.
▪ This is a very wide claim and one which potentially includes questions concerning the relationships between women, power and politics.
▪ With presidential campaigning fully upon the nation, the appearance of costly hearings driven by politics will be difficult to avoid.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Politics \Pol"i*tics\, n. [Cf. F. politique, Gr. ? (sc.?). See Politic.]

  1. The science of government; that part of ethics which has to do with the regulation and government of a nation or state, the preservation of its safety, peace, and prosperity, the defense of its existence and rights against foreign control or conquest, the augmentation of its strength and resources, and the protection of its citizens in their rights, with the preservation and improvement of their morals.

  2. The management of a political party; the conduct and contests of parties with reference to political measures or the administration of public affairs; the advancement of candidates to office; in a bad sense, artful or dishonest management to secure the success of political candidates or parties; political trickery.

    When we say that two men are talking politics, we often mean that they are wrangling about some mere party question.
    --F. W. Robertson.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1520s, "science of government," from politic (adj.), modeled on Aristotle's ta politika "affairs of state," the name of his book on governing and governments, which was in English mid-15c. as "Polettiques." Also see -ics.Politicks is the science of good sense, applied to public affairs, and, as those are forever changing, what is wisdom to-day would be folly and perhaps, ruin to-morrow. Politicks is not a science so properly as a business. It cannot have fixed principles, from which a wise man would never swerve, unless the inconstancy of men's view of interest and the capriciousness of the tempers could be fixed. [Fisher Ames (1758-1808)]Meaning "a person's political allegiances or opinions" is from 1769.


n. 1 (context countable English) A methodology and activities associated with running a government, an organization, or a movement. 2 (context countable English) The profession of conducting political affairs. 3 (context countable English) One's political stands and opinions. 4 (context uncountable English) Political maneuvers or diplomacy between people, groups, or organizations, especially involving power, influence or conflict.

  1. n. social relations involving authority or power [syn: political relation]

  2. the study of government of states and other political units [syn: political science, government]

  3. the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs

  4. the opinion you hold with respect to political questions [syn: political sympathies]


Politics (from , definition "of, for, or relating to citizens") is the process of making decisions applying to all members of a group. More narrowly, it refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance — organized control over a human community, particularly a state. Furthermore, politics is the study or practice of the distribution of power and resources within a given community (a usually hierarchically organized population) as well as the interrelationship(s) between communities.

A variety of methods are deployed in politics, which include promoting or forcing one's own political views among people, negotiation with other political subjects, making laws, and exercising force, including warfare against adversaries. Politics is exercised on a wide range of social levels, from clans and tribes of traditional societies, through modern local governments, companies and institutions up to sovereign states, to the international level.

It is very often said that politics is about power. A political system is a framework which defines acceptable political methods within a given society. History of political thought can be traced back to early antiquity, with seminal works such as Plato's Republic, Aristotle's Politics and the works of Confucius.

Formal Politics refers to the operation of a constitutional system of government and publicly defined institutions and procedures. Political parties, public policy or discussions about war and foreign affairs would fall under the category of Formal Politics. Many people view formal politics as something outside of themselves, but that can still affect their daily lives.

Informal Politics is understood as forming alliances, exercising power and protecting and advancing particular ideas or goals. Generally, this includes anything affecting one's daily life, such as the way an office or household is managed, or how one person or group exercises influence over another. Informal Politics is typically understood as everyday politics, hence the idea that "politics is everywhere".

Politics (novel)

Politics is a 2003 novel by Adam Thirlwell about a father-daughter relationship and about a ménage à trois which includes said daughter and two of her friends. We are informed by the narrator that the novel is about " goodness".

Politics (Aristotle)

Politics is a work of political philosophy by Aristotle, a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher.

The end of the Nicomachean Ethics declared that the inquiry into ethics necessarily follows into politics, and the two works are frequently considered to be parts of a larger treatise, or perhaps connected lectures, dealing with the "philosophy of human affairs." The title of the Politics literally means "the things concerning the polis."

Politics (disambiguation)

Politics is the process observed in all human (and many non-human) group interactions by which groups make decisions, including activism on behalf of specific issues or causes.

Politics may also refer to:

Politics (song)

"Politics" is a song by the American nu metal band Korn and The Matrix for Korn's seventh studio album, See You on the Other Side. It was released as the album's third single in August 2006 instead of the previous choice, "Love Song", and is the last Korn single to feature David Silveria on drums.

Politics (poem)

thumb|right|Photograph of William Butler Yeats taken February 7, 1933. "Politics" is a poem by Irish poet William Butler Yeats written on May 24, 1938. It was composed during the time of the Spanish Civil War as well as during the pre-war period of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich in Germany. The poem hints at the political situations of Rome (or Italy), Russia, and Spain, but ultimately discusses topics more relevant to private human interaction rather than public, or political situations. The poem never mentions Germany or Hitler, despite the fact that the "war and war's alarms" surrounding the poem's creation arose from fears of Germany's aggression rather than Italy's, Russia's, or Spain's. Many versions of the text exist: the original typescript of May 1938, the first typescript with hand-written corrections dated August 12, 1938, as well as a final "Coole Edition" of the poem dated June 29, 1939, which was not published until it was included in Last Poems in 1939. Yeats intended for the poem to be printed last in the collection, as an envoi to " The Circus Animals' Desertion", and while a debate as to the true order of the poems has continued since 1939, "Politics" was the last lyric poem Yeats wrote and remains the final work printed in all posthumous editions.

Politics (film)

Ricky Gervais Live 2: Politics is the title of a performance by British comedian Ricky Gervais. It was filmed at the Palace Theatre, London, United Kingdom in 2004.

Politics (Sébastien Tellier album)

Politics is Sébastien Tellier's second album, released in 2004. It features prominent drumming provided by Tony Allen. The songs are sung in English, German and Spanish.

Politics (magazine 1944–49)

politics was a journal founded and edited by Dwight Macdonald from 1944 to 1949.

Macdonald had previously been editor at Partisan Review from 1937 to 1943, but after falling out with its publishers, quit to start politics as a rival publication, first on a monthly basis and then as a quarterly.

politics published essays on politics and culture and included among its contributors James Agee, John Berryman, Bruno Bettelheim, Paul Goodman, C. Wright Mills, Mary McCarthy, Marianne Moore, Irving Howe, Daniel Bell, Hannah Arendt.

The journal reflected Macdonald's interest in European culture. He used politics to introduce US readers to the thinking of the French philosopher Simone Weil, publishing several articles by her, including "A Poem of Force", her reflections on the Iliad. He also printed work by Albert Camus. Another European, the Italian political and literary critic Nicola Chiaromonte, was also given space in the journal.

politics was also Macdonald's vehicle for his repeated and energetic attacks against Henry Wallace and his Progressive Party campaign for President.

In a letter to Philip Rahv at the end of December 1943, George Orwell mentioned that Macdonald had written asking him to contribute to his forthcoming journal. Orwell had replied telling him he might "do something ‘cultural’" but not ‘political’ as he was already writing his " London Letters" to Partisan Review.

In his " As I Please" article for the 16 June 1944 issue of Tribune, George Orwell recommended politics. He stated that he disagreed with its policy but admired "its combination of highbrow political analysis with intelligent literary criticism." He went on to add that there were no monthly or quarterly magazines in England "to come up to" the American ones, of which there were several.

Macdonald, in an editorial comment for the November 1944 issue of politics referred to a letter from Orwell which cast interesting light on the ‘ russification’ of English political thought over the last two years. Orwell had read the May issue's review of Harold Laski's Faith, Reason and Civilisation and mentioned that the Manchester Evening News, the evening edition of the Manchester Guardian, had refused to print his own review because of its anti-Stalin implications. Despite considering the book "pernicious tripe", Orwell had praised the author for being "aware that the USSR is the real dynamo of the Socialist movement in this country and everywhere else.", but criticized him for shutting his eyes to "purges, liquidations", etc. Macdonald pointed out that the fact that such a review should be considered "too hot" shows how much the feats of the Red Army had misled the English public opinion about Russia. He added that the "English liberal press had been far more honest about the Moscow Trials than our own liberal journals" and that Trotsky had been able to write in the Guardian.

Politics (essay)

"Politics" is an essay written by Ralph Waldo Emerson. It is part of his Essays: Second Series, published in 1844. A premier philosopher, poet and leader of American transcendentalism, he used this essay to belie his feelings on government, specifically American government. His impact on New England thought and his views on pragmatism influenced the likes of Henry David Thoreau, Orestes Brownson, and Frederich Nietzsche, among others.

Politics (Yellowjackets album)

Politics (1988) is the sixth studio album from the jazz group Yellowjackets, and their third for the MCA label. The album was awarded "Best Jazz Fusion Performance" at the 1989 Grammy Awards.

Politics (1931 film)

Politics is a 1931 American Pre-Code comedy film directed by Charles Reisner and written by Wells Root and Robert E. Hopkins. The film stars Marie Dressler, Polly Moran, Roscoe Ates, Karen Morley and William Bakewell. The film was released on July 25, 1931, by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Politics (journal)

Politics is an academic journal belonging to the Political Studies Association established in 1981. Its current editors are Martin Coward and Kyle Grayson.

According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2014 impact factor of 0.490, ranking it 106th out of 161 journals in the category "Political Science".