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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
plum pudding
plum tomato
▪ He took over the £60,000-a-year plum job only three weeks ago.
▪ Two hours later we clatter down the stairs of a West End restaurant feeling like two plum puddings on legs.
▪ It's not excess of turkey and plum pudding that has been indigestible; it's the surfeit of news.
▪ The contract is a plum for Browning and Co.
▪ All varieties of plum, apple, and pear trees, grew in unison.
▪ An image that captures the dichotomy of possibilities in getting older is the plum versus the prune.
▪ Either plums or blackberries, not both.
▪ He said that wild plums were delicious.
▪ If plums are difficult to find or not.
▪ Rosy pinks, rich coppers and deep plums are the big fashion news.
▪ She walked across the scuffed floors toward the cupboard and pulled out several packages of tamarind candy and salted plums.
▪ Add the plum tomatoes and continue to saute for 4 minutes.
▪ And he will be rewarded with a plum chairmanship, probably the Environment and Public Works Committee.
▪ For me, it was a plum assignment.
▪ Neither Zeckendorf nor Soderberg dared to believe that such a plum deal would come to them, but they started discussions anyway.
▪ The good news was he had landed a plum job on the mortgage trading desk.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Plum \Plum\, n. [AS. pl[=u]me, fr. L. prunum; akin to Gr. ?, ?. Cf. Prune a dried plum.]

  1. (Bot.) The edible drupaceous fruit of the Prunus domestica, and of several other species of Prunus; also, the tree itself, usually called plum tree.

    The bullace, the damson, and the numerous varieties of plum, of our gardens, although growing into thornless trees, are believed to be varieties of the blackthorn, produced by long cultivation.
    --G. Bentham.

    Note: Two or three hundred varieties of plums derived from the Prunus domestica are described; among them the greengage, the Orleans, the purple gage, or Reine Claude Violette, and the German prune, are some of the best known.

    Note: Among the true plums are;

    Beach plum, the Prunus maritima, and its crimson or purple globular drupes,

    Bullace plum. See Bullace.

    Chickasaw plum, the American Prunus Chicasa, and its round red drupes.

    Orleans plum, a dark reddish purple plum of medium size, much grown in England for sale in the markets.

    Wild plum of America, Prunus Americana, with red or yellow fruit, the original of the Iowa plum and several other varieties. [1913 Webster] Among plants called plum, but of other genera than Prunus, are;

    Australian plum, Cargillia arborea and Cargillia australis, of the same family with the persimmon.

    Blood plum, the West African H[ae]matostaphes Barteri.

    Cocoa plum, the Spanish nectarine. See under Nectarine.

    Date plum. See under Date.

    Gingerbread plum, the West African Parinarium macrophyllum.

    Gopher plum, the Ogeechee lime.

    Gray plum, Guinea plum. See under Guinea.

    Indian plum, several species of Flacourtia.

  2. A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.

  3. A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant language, the sum of [pounds]100,000 sterling; also, the person possessing it.

  4. Something likened to a plum in desirableness; a good or choice thing of its kind, as among appointments, positions, parts of a book, etc.; as, the mayor rewarded his cronies with cushy plums, requiring little work for handsome pay

  5. A color resembling that of a plum; a slightly grayish deep purple, varying somewhat in its red or blue tint.

    Plum bird, Plum budder (Zo["o]l.), the European bullfinch.

    Plum gouger (Zo["o]l.), a weevil, or curculio ( Coccotorus scutellaris), which destroys plums. It makes round holes in the pulp, for the reception of its eggs. The larva bores into the stone and eats the kernel.

    Plum weevil (Zo["o]l.), an American weevil which is very destructive to plums, nectarines, cherries, and many other stone fruits. It lays its eggs in crescent-shaped incisions made with its jaws. The larva lives upon the pulp around the stone. Called also turk, and plum curculio. See Illust. under Curculio.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Old English plume "plum, plum tree," from an early Germanic borrowing (Middle Dutch prume, Dutch pruim, Old High German pfluma, pfruma, German Pflaume) from Vulgar Latin *pruna, from Latin prunum "plum," from Greek prounon, later form of proumnon, of unknown origin, perhaps from an Asiatic language (Phrygian?). Also see prune (n.). Change of pr- to pl- is peculiar to Germanic. The vowel shortened in early modern English. Meaning "something desirable" is first recorded 1780, probably in reference to the sugar-rich bits of a plum pudding, etc.


Etymology 1

  1. 1 (context comparable English) Of a dark bluish-red colour. 2 (context not comparable English) choice; especially lavish or preferred. n. 1 The edible, fleshy stone fruit of ''Prunus domestica'', often of a dark red or purple colour. 2 The stone-fruit tree which bears this fruit, ''Prunus domestica''. 3 A dark bluish-red color/colour, the colour of some plums. 4 A desirable thing. 5 (context archaic English) A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant language, the sum of £100,000 sterling, or a person possessing it. 6 (cx dated English) A good or choice thing of its kind, as among appointments, positions, parts of a book, etc. 7 A raisin, when used in a pudding or cake. 8 (context pejorative English) A fool, idiot. 9 (context slang usually in plural English) A testicle. 10 The edible, fleshy stone fruit of several species sharing ''Prunus subg. Prunus'' with ''Prunus domestica'' including, among others: 11 # (taxlink Prunus sect. Prunus section noshow=1) 12 ## ''Prunus cerasifera'', the cherry plum or myrobalan 13 ## (taxlink Prunus salicina species noshow=1) the Chinese plum or (vern Japanese plum pedia=1) 14 ## ''Prunus spinosa'', the sloe 15 ## (taxlink Prunus ursina species noshow=1) the (vern bear's plum pedia=1) 16 # (taxlink Prunus sect. Prunocerasus section noshow=1) North American plums 17 ## (taxlink Prunus americanus species noshow=1), the (vern American plum pedia=1) 18 ## (taxlink Prunus angustifolia species noshow=1), the (vern Chickasaw plum pedia=1) or (vern sandhill plum pedia=1) 19 ## (taxlink Prunus hortulana species noshow=1), the (vern hortulan plum pedia=1) 20 ## (taxlink Prunus nigra species noshow=1), the (vern Canadian plum pedia=1) or (vern black plum pedia=1) 21 ## (taxlink Prunus rivularis species noshow=1), the (vern creek plum pedia=1) or (vern hog plum pedia=1) 22 ## (taxlink Prunus subcordata species noshow=1), the (vern Klamath plum pedia=1) or (vern Oregon plum pedia=1) 23 # (taxlink Prunus sect. Armeniaca section noshow=1) (better known as apricots) 24 ## ''Prunus mume'', an Asian fruit more closely related to the apricot than the plum, usually consumed pickled, dried, or as a juice or wine; ume. 25 The stone-fruit trees which bear these fruits. 26 The fruits of many unrelated trees and shrubs with fruit perceived to resemble plums 27 The trees and shrubs bearing those fruits Etymology 2

    a. plumb adv. completely; utterly. v

  2. (context mining English) To plumb.

  1. adv. exactly; "fell plumb in the middle of the puddle" [syn: plumb]

  2. completely; used as intensifiers; "clean forgot the appointment"; "I'm plumb (or plum) tuckered out" [syn: clean, plumb]

  1. n. any of several trees producing edible oval smooth-skinned fruit with a single hard stone [syn: plum tree]

  2. any of numerous varieties of small to medium-sized round or oval smooth-skinned fruit with a single pit

Plum, PA -- U.S. borough in Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 26940
Housing Units (2000): 10624
Land area (2000): 28.628230 sq. miles (74.146772 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.385414 sq. miles (0.998217 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 29.013644 sq. miles (75.144989 sq. km)
FIPS code: 61536
Located within: Pennsylvania (PA), FIPS 42
Location: 40.494110 N, 79.754477 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 15239
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Plum, PA

A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera ( peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit).

Mature plum fruit may have a dusty-white coating that gives them a glaucous appearance. This is an epicuticular wax coating and is known as "wax bloom". Dried plum fruits are called dried plums or prunes, although prunes are a distinct type of plum, and may have antedated the fruits now commonly known as plums.

Plum (disambiguation)

Plum refers to both a type of tree, and the fruit stemming from that tree.

Plum may also refer to:

Plum (color)

{{infobox color

title= Plum|textcolor=white

hex= 8E4585

r= 142|g= 69|b= 133

c= 0|m= 51|y= 6|k= 44

h= 347| s= 51,4|v= 55,7

source= Crayola}}

Plum as an RYB quaternary color

Plum is a deep purple color, such as that shown at right (color #8E4585), which is a close representation of the average color of the plum fruit.

As a quaternary color on the RYB color wheel, plum is an equal mix of the tertiary colors russet and slate (also known as olive).

The first recorded use of plum as a color name in English was in 1805.

Usage examples of "plum".

There were his irrigation boots and a spade for cutting water out of the Acequia del Monte into his back field, or into his apple and plum trees, or into his garden.

These juices, together with those of the pear, the peach, the plum, and other such fruits, if taken without adding cane sugar, diminish acidity in the stomach rather than provoke it: they become converted chemically into alkaline carbonates, which correct sour fermentation.

The fruit is a small brownish plum, intensely sharp and acrid to the taste, and the tree is thorny.

And beside this can Jean would find, every day, something particular,--a blossom of the red geranium that bloomed in the farmhouse window, a piece of cake with plums in it, a bunch of trailing arbutus,--once it was a little bit of blue ribbon, tied in a certain square knot--so--perhaps you know that sign too?

Ayla opened a small parfleche, a carrying case made of stiff rawhide, in which she had packed food for them, some dried meat that she thought was aurochs, and a small basket of dried blueberries and little tart plums.

There was everywhere a bewildering mass of fruit blossom--apple, plum, pear, cherry.

Along with Baybrock, Sanders, Jenney and Demble, Bleer would be a fine plum for the kidnap pudding that Thumb Gaudrey intended to cook.

The sun was piercing the plum thicket like icepicks and when Bowie turned on his back he placed his forearm over his eyes.

Damson, bullace, and tall plum formed the outer circle of the orchard, growing around low plum, cherry, and apple trees.

I sensed his despairing pessimism, his conviction that the corruption, the inefficiency and bumbledom that pervaded the army and the court would land us like an overripe plum in the lap of Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany, whom he loathed more than any man on earth.

The land cleared, coffee, ginger, sugar-cane, edoes, cassada, oranges, limes, plums, bread-fruit, pawpaws, can be planted.

Rancourt was the other side of Combles, which explains the plum simile.

Like the durian, the sapodilla plum grows all too slowly for my precipitate tastes, though I console myself plenteously with mangoes.

Leopold and Loeb, Capone and Dillinger, Gacy and Gein, Speck and Bundy, and the rest of the parolees from oblivion strolled away, a swaggering gait, leaving the cornfield, hitting the dark road that passed outside the farm, a short walk that would take them into the heart of a town called Plum Creek.

Plum and Giles thought they ought to go over to Gledge End to make sure everything was all right for Saturday.