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The Collaborative International Dictionary
Pardo

Pardo \Par"do\, n. [Pg. pardao, fr. Skr. prat[=a]pa splendor, majesty.] A money of account once used in in Goa, India, equivalent to about 2s. 6d. sterling. or 60 cts. (in 1913).

Wiktionary
pardo

n. (context historical English) A former money of account in Goa, India.

Wikipedia
Pardo (disambiguation)

Pardo is a word used in the Spanish colonies in the Americas to refer to the tri-racial descendants of Europeans, Amerindians, and Africans.

Pardo may also refer to:

Pardo

Pardo is a word used in the Spanish colonies in the Americas to refer to the triracial descendants of Europeans, Native Americans, and West Africans. They are defined as neither exclusively mestizo (Native American-European descent) nor mulatto (West African-European descent). It is highly associated with the history of slavery and colonialism. From the 18th century, the term has been used more widely to identify a brown skin colour. But in general use, the physical characteristics may include brown skin ranging from dark brown to almost white. Similarly, the person's hair could be curly, straight or other texture, and any colour.

In Brazil, the word pardo has had a general meaning, since the beginning of the colonization. In the famous letter by Pero Vaz de Caminha, for example, in which Brazil was first described by the Portuguese, the Native Americans were called "pardo": "Pardo, naked, without clothing".

The word was used to cover African/European mixes, Amerindian/European mixes, and Amerindian/European/African mixes and Native Americans themselves.

For example, Diogo de Vasconcelos, a widely known historian from Minas Gerais, mentions the story of Andresa de Castilhos. According to 18th-century accounts, Andresa de Castilhos was described by the following: "I declare that Andresa de Castilhos, pardo woman ... has been freed ... is a descendant of the natives of the land ... I declare that Andresa de Castilhos is the daughter of a white man and a native woman".

The historian Maria Leônia Chaves de Resende says that the word pardo was used to classify people with partial or full Amerindian ancestry. A Manoel, natural son of Ana carijó, was baptised as 'pardo'; in Campanha several Native Americans were classified as 'pardo'; the natives João Ferreira, Joana Rodriges and Andreza Pedrosa, for example, were described as 'freed pardo'; a Damaso identifies as a 'freed pardo' of the 'native of the land'; etc. According to Chaves de Resende, the growth of the pardo population in Brazil includes the descendants of natives and not only those of African descent: "the growth of the 'pardo' segment had not only to do with the descendants of Africans, but also with the descendants of the natives, in particular the carijós and bastards, included in the condition of 'pardo'".

The American historian Muriel Nazzari in 2001 noted that the "pardo" category has absorbed those persons of Amerindian descent in the records of São Paulo: "This paper seeks to demonstrate that, though many Indians and mestizos did migrate, those who remained in São Paulo came to be classified as pardos."

Pardo (surname)

'''Pardo '''is a family deriving its surname from Prado in Castile or from Prado del Rey in the province of Cadiz. The place-name Prado is derived from the Spanish word prado, which means meadow. As with the name Castro/ Crasto, letters have become transposed. The Spanish word pardo means brownish grey.

Members of the Pardo family have mostly distinguished themselves in the Levant.

The Pardo family which apparently originated in Prado del Rey flourished during the 16th–18th centuries in the Ottoman Empire, Italy, the Netherlands, England, and America. Many members of the family were scattered throughout North America, where they became known as Brown or Browne.

The name belongs to Jewish people who settled in the Iberian Peninsula; and today in countries like Israel, Spain, Curaçao, Guatemala, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Argentina and Chile.

Traces of Jewish life are known in the Iberian Peninsula from the Romans, which were already in these territories those exiled Jews of Jerusalem, including pardus dubbed by the Romans themselves; however for the subject that interests us we must go back to the years after the expulsion of the Jewish first of Spain (1492), and after Portugal (1496). This diaspora within the diaspora, which gave rise to the Sephardim, led many to settle in cities Ottoman Empire, in many cases sponsored by the same authorities of the empire that not only were welcoming this group of immigrants, but also preferred installation in areas that not long ago had been conquered and where they wanted to strengthen its sovereignty. This name is after the various persecutions spread by the Catholic kings, many Jews were forced to leave Spain and expanded by various territories of Europe including Thessalonica, Bitola (city of ancient Republic of Macedonia), Netherlands, Greece, Italy, Serbia, Bosnia and later after the conquest of America went to the new Spanish colonies which did not cease its persecution since it was reformed in the new world under the Court of the Holy Office of the Inquisition. Today this name is very common in Israel and is as recognizable by their Sephardic origin among the most common are: Levy, Sarfati, Cohen, Ovadia, Albalak, Azulai, Pinto.

Usage examples of "pardo".

He laid foul curses upon Pardos and all of his ancestors, gradually broadening his sphere of malediction to include the whole of the world and every living thing in it.

It seemed that while Lord Pardos was willing to discuss the rendering of aid to Kehnoorvos Ehlahs in her extremity, he felt it proper that Demetrios, as supplicant, come to the court of the Sea Lord.

Lord Pardos and assure him the respect that the nasty pirate had thus far withheld.

All we wish to be told is when Lord Pardos intends to send an honor guard to convey or conduct us to his palace.

Lord Pardos occupied most of an artificial mesa and was built mostly of the dark native stone.

Lord that Demetrios, High-Lord of Kehnooryos Ehlahs, requests audience with his cousin, Pardos, Lord of the Sea Isles.

His recuperation required many months, and during those months Lord Pardos and his wife came to add love to the respect they bore him.

So, when once more he was able to walk and join his host at table, Pardos and Kahndees set about persuading him to stay.

Lord Pardos had suffered an injury in his youth that rendered him sterile, so he had my father wed Lady Kahndees.

I was a child of nine years, Lord Pardos sat feasting with his captains one night.

Master Saheed, who was then the principal surgeon, came just as Lord Pardos awakened to discover that he could not move his left arm or leg.

Six months later, Lord Pardos died and my father was acclaimed Sea Lord.

There was but one more source of possible aid, his distant kinsman, Pardos, Lord of the Sea Isles, and an infamous pirate.

It seemed that while Lord Pardos was willing to discuss the rendering of aid to Kehnooryos Ehlahs in her extremity, he felt it proper that Demetrios, as supplicant, come to the court of the Sea Lord.

He was resplendent, hoping his sartorial elegance might possibly overawe the dread Lord Pardos and assure him the respect that the nasty pirate had thus far withheld.