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The Collaborative International Dictionary
Diaspora

Diaspora \Di*as"po*ra\, n. [Gr. ?. See Diaspore.] Lit., ``Dispersion.'' -- applied collectively:

  1. To those Jews who, after the Exile, were scattered through the Old World, and afterwards to Jewish Christians living among heathen. Cf.
    --James i. 1.

  2. By extension, to Christians isolated from their own communion, as among the Moravians to those living, usually as missionaries, outside of the parent congregation.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
diaspora

1876, from Greek diaspora "dispersion," from diaspeirein "to scatter about, disperse," from dia- "about, across" (see dia-) + speirein "to scatter" (see sprout). The Greek word was used in Septuagint in Deut. xxviii:25. A Hebrew word for it is galuth "exile." Related: Diasporic.

Wiktionary
diaspora

n. 1 The dispersion of the Jews from the land of Israel. 2 The Jews so dispersed, taken collectively. 3 A similar dispersion.

WordNet
diaspora
  1. n. the body of Jews (or Jewish communities) outside Palestine or modern Israel

  2. the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel; from the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in 587-86 BC when they were exiled to Babylonia up to the present time

  3. the dispersion or spreading of something that was originally localized (as a people or language or culture)

Wikipedia
Diaspora

A diaspora (from Greek διασπορά, "scattering, dispersion") is a scattered population whose origin lies within a smaller geographic locale. Diaspora can also refer to the movement of the population from its original homeland. Diaspora has come to refer particularly to historical mass dispersions of an involuntary nature, such as the expulsion of Jews from Judea, the fleeing of Greeks after the fall of Constantinople, the African Trans- Atlantic slave trade, the southern Chinese or Hindus of South Asia during the coolie trade, the Irish during and after the Irish Famine, the displacement of Palestinians in the 20th century and the exile and deportation of Circassians.

Recently, scholars have distinguished between different kinds of diaspora, based on its causes such as imperialism, trade or labor migrations, or by the kind of social coherence within the diaspora community and its ties to the ancestral lands. Some diaspora communities maintain strong political ties with their homeland. Other qualities that may be typical of many diasporas are thoughts of return, relationships with other communities in the diaspora, and lack of full integration into the host country.

Diaspora (novel)

Diaspora is a hard science fiction novel by the Australian writer Greg Egan which first appeared in print in 1997.

Diaspora (album)

Diaspora is the debut album by Belgian singer Natacha Atlas. It was released by Nation Records in March 1995.

Diaspora (disambiguation)

Diaspora is the dispersion of a population from their native land, particularly mass dispersions of an involuntary nature.

Diaspora may also refer to:

  • Any particular diaspora. See List of diasporas
  • Diaspora politics
    • Diaspora politics in the United States
  • Diaspora studies
  • Diaspora (novel), a science fiction book by Greg Egan
  • Diaspora (social network), a distributed social network
    • Diaspora (software), a free personal web server that implements the Diaspora social network
  • Diaspora (video game), a massively-multiplayer online roleplaying game (MMORPG)
  • Diaspora (role-playing game), a tabletop roleplaying game using the FATE engine
Diaspora (video game)

Diaspora was a massively multiplayer online roleplaying game created by Altitude Productions. Released from beta in June 2000. By the Christmas of 2000, the game boasted over 35,000 registered user accounts. By April the following year, it peaked at around 70,000 registrations. The game went offline in August 2001.

Diaspora (protozoa)

Diaspora is a genus in the phylum Apicomplexa, first described by Leger in 1898.

Diaspora (role-playing game)

Diaspora is a "Hard" Sci-fi role-playing game based on the FATE engine from Evil Hat Productions.

Diaspora (software)

Diaspora (currently styled diaspora* and formerly styled DIASPORA*) is a free personal web server that implements a distributed social networking service. Installations of the software form nodes (termed "pods") which make up the distributed Diaspora social network.

The project was founded by Dan Grippi, Maxwell Salzberg, Raphael Sofaer and Ilya Zhitomirskiy, students at New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. The group received crowdfunding in excess of $200,000 via Kickstarter. A consumer alpha version was released on 23 November 2010.

Diaspora (social network)

Diaspora (currently styled diaspora* and formerly styled DIASPORA*) is a nonprofit, user-owned, distributed social network that is based upon the free Diaspora software. Diaspora consists of a group of independently owned nodes (called pods) which interoperate to form the network. As of March 2014, there are more than Diaspora accounts.

The social network is not owned by any one person or entity, keeping it from being subject to corporate take-overs or advertising. In September 2011 the developers stated, "...our distributed design means no big corporation will ever control Diaspora. Diaspora* will never sell your social life to advertisers, and you won’t have to conform to someone’s arbitrary rules or look over your shoulder before you speak."

Diaspora software development is managed by the Diaspora Foundation, which is part of the Free Software Support Network (FSSN). The FSSN is in turn run by Eben Moglen and the Software Freedom Law Center. The FSSN acts as an umbrella organization to Diaspora development and manages Diaspora's branding, finances and legal assets.

Usage examples of "diaspora".

By the end of the Diaspora, when his scattered clones had reconverged, the Earth would be habitable again-but he could never feel secure about returning to the flesh until Lacerta had been explained.

Zionism, great Zionist leaders and thinkers such as Nahum Goldmann originally dreamed that Israel, like other civilized states, would also be anchored in international institutions and might even form part of a multiethnic federation with the Arab states of the Middle East, thereby resolving the dilemma in which Jewish diaspora liberalism found itself.

Kirk was familiar with its exhibits and dioramas depicting the rise of humanity from single-celled creatures through the various stages of its evolution and civilizations to its diaspora across the galaxy.

Increasingly, Chalabi developed a network of supporters among the right wing of the Republican Party and used these powerful friends to wage an internal war within the Iraqi diaspora for control of the opposition.

Assumption, with its spirited coffee hours, its bad foundation and roof leaks, its strenuous ethnic festivals, its catechism classes where our heritage was briefly kept alive in us before being allowed to die in the great diaspora.

Looking down the vast promontory of his nose he has beheld everything – the Cordilleras falling away into the Pacific, the history of the Diaspora done in vellum, shutters fluting the froufrou of the beach, the piano curving like a conch, corollas giving out diapasons of light, chameleons squirming under the book press, seraglios expiring in oceans of dust, music issuing like fire from the hidden chromosphere of pain, spore and madrepore fructifying the earth, navels vomiting their bright spawn of anguish… He is a bright sage, a dancing seer who, with a sweep of the brush, removes the ugly scaffold to which the body of man is chained by the incontrovertible facts of life.

He'd heard that the latest addition to the team was a Mirialanwhich meant human, basicallya member of the same species as himself, whose ancestors had spread in several ancient diasporas across the galaxy, colonizing such worlds as Corellia, Alderaan, Kalarba, and hundreds more.

He’d heard that the latest addition to the team was a Mirialan—which meant human, basically—a member of the same species as himself, whose ancestors had spread in several ancient diasporas across the galaxy, colonizing such worlds as Corellia, Alderaan, Kalarba, and hundreds more.

If I can get just one into the Archives just before the Diaspora, it should be delivered when you ask for it, late in Greg.

According to the Encyclopædia, the Third was often known as the Junkyard Dogs or, simply, the Mongrels, because it tended to draw its members from the White Diaspora: Uitlanders, Ulster Loyalists, whites from Hong Kong, and rootless sorts from all of the Anglo-American parts of the world.

It is unclear whether the United States could do the same in Iraq because few in the Iraqi diaspora have large followings among the Sunnis inside Iraq, while Saddam has effectively killed every person in the country with the kind of charisma and stature that would be needed.

But there had been no such prejudice in the early days of the Diaspora, and quite a few colonies had been established by genies specifically designed for their new environments.

But Dallas is not Boondock, and the unnatural practice of monogamy is as rooted in the American culture of the twentieth century as group marriage is rooted in the quasi anarchistic, unstructured culture of Tertius in the third millennium of the diaspora.

The answer to that one had been the hyper log, the interstellar equivalent of the ancient inertial guidance systems developed on Old Earth long before the Diaspora.

That, as much as Hand's much vaunted economic liberalisation, was what drove the diaspora.