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Palau (, historically Belau or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau , is an island country with a population of 17,948 on 465 km, located in the western Pacific Ocean. It contains approximately 250 islands, which form the western chain of the Caroline Islands in Micronesia. The most populous of these is Koror. The capital Ngerulmud is located on the nearby island of Babeldaob, in Melekeok State. Palau shares maritime boundaries with Indonesia, the Philippines, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

The country was originally settled approximately 3,000 years ago by migrants from the Philippines and sustained a Negrito population until around 900 years ago. The islands were first explored by Europeans in the 16th century, and were made part of the Spanish East Indies in 1574. Following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, the islands were sold to Imperial Germany in 1899 under the terms of the German–Spanish Treaty, where they were administered as part of German New Guinea. The Imperial Japanese Navy conquered Palau during World War I, and the islands were later made a part of the Japanese-ruled South Pacific Mandate by the League of Nations. During World War II, skirmishes, including the major Battle of Peleliu, were fought between American and Japanese troops as part of the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign. Along with other Pacific Islands, Palau was made a part of the United States-governed Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in 1947. Having voted against joining the Federated States of Micronesia in 1979, the islands gained full sovereignty in 1994 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States.

Politically, Palau is a presidential republic in free association with the United States, which provides defense, funding, and access to social services. Legislative power is concentrated in the bicameral Palau National Congress. Palau's economy is based mainly on tourism, subsistence agriculture and fishing, with a significant portion of gross national product (GNP) derived from foreign aid. The country uses the United States dollar as its currency. The islands' culture mixes Japanese, Micronesian and Melanesian elements. The majority of citizens are of mixed Micronesian, Melanesian, and Austronesian descent, with significant groups descended from Japanese and Filipino settlers. The country's two official languages are Palauan (member of the wider Sunda–Sulawesi language group) and English, with Japanese, Sonsorolese, and Tobian recognised as regional languages.

Palau (disambiguation)

Palau may refer to:


Palaú is a town in the Mexican state of Coahuila. It is located on the eastern boundary of the Chihuahuan Desert, in the municipality of Múzquiz. Temperatures in the summertime can easily reach 45 degrees Celsius and the winters are mild but wet. The main industry is coal mining.

When an Austrian engineer discovered these energy riches in the late 19th century, the northern portion of Coahuila quickly transformed from a sparsely populated region of cattle ranchers to an industrial powerhouse. Thousands of Japanese immigrants came seeking work; some of their descendents, with Japanese surnames, are still here.

Coahuila coal feeds steel mills in Monclova and Monterrey, the country's third-largest city. Two coal-fired electric plants near the U.S. border supply as much as 8 percent of Mexico's electricity.

Population (INEGI 2005): 16,133 (men 8,063; women 8,070)

Usage examples of "palau".

Early in the eighteenth century, the Jesuits placed missionaries on Palau and Ulithi in the Carolines, where most of them were murdered, thereby causing the plans to be discontinued.

Palau, where its crew spent several months living with the Palauans while building a small vessel, and as a result the East India Company surveyed Palau in.

Cheyne, indeed, a veteran of the Melanesian sandalwood trade, was killed on Palau in 1866 after a decade of failed commercial undertakings.

By the terms of this convention, the Marshalls, Carolines and Palau were defined as a German sphere, and the Gilbert and Ellice groups were to be considered British.

Carolines and Palau, where Germany acceded to Spanish claims of prior rights, but on terms which gave it wide privileges but no responsibilities.

Pacific territories, the Marianas, Carolines and Palau, were bought from Spain by Germany.

Now, while the Lansing was laboring toward Drake Passage, the Exeter was on a research cruise to Palau as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment, or WOCE.

On the way back east after Palau, the carrier planes were to demolish enemy air bases on Yap and Woleai.

By the afternoon of the twenty-eighth, an astounded enemy search pilot had reported the dozen carriers headed straight for Palau, and for a frantic day and a half the Japanese rushed preparations to meet them.

Peleliu is the second island from the south end, and between it and the much larger main island of Babelthuap lies the Western Lagoon, full of small, irregular islets and anchored shipping and Palau Harbor on the east side of the lagoon.

Hellcat swarm hit the islands of Palau, there were no enemy fighters on the ground.

Yap and the atolls of Ulithi and Ngulu to be certain that no support of any kind could come from them to the garrison at Palau, They hit Yap first, early on the afternoon of September 6, with thirty-five Hellcats carrying rockets, fragmentation clusters and plenty of .

I can find Corsica on the map, and the Palau Islands, which most people have never heard of, and I know what order all the planets are in.

It was her who planted the bomb that sank Marseilles, and her what strangled the poor Sultana of Palau Pinang.

No one had lifted a finger when Indonesia had forced the Mindanao Partition, then took over New Guinea, Palau, the Solomons, Sabah.