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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Umbra \Um"bra\, n.; pl. Umbr[ae]. [L., a shadow.]

  1. (Astron.)

    1. The conical shadow projected from a planet or satellite, on the side opposite to the sun, within which a spectator could see no portion of the sun's disk; -- used in contradistinction from penumbra. See Penumbra.

    2. The central dark portion, or nucleus, of a sun spot.

    3. The fainter part of a sun spot; -- now more commonly called penumbra.

  2. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of several species of sci[ae]noid food fishes of the genus Umbrina, especially the Mediterranean species ( Umbrina cirrhosa), which is highly esteemed as a market fish; -- called also ombre, and umbrine.

    Umbra tree (Bot.), a tree ( Phytolacca diocia) of the same genus as pokeweed. It is native of South America, but is now grown in southern Europe. It has large dark leaves, and a somber aspect. The juice of its berries is used for coloring wine.
    --J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

card game popular early 18c., from French hombre, from Spanish hombre "man" (see hombre). So called from an expression (translatable as "I am the man") spoken in the course of the game.


Etymology 1 n. A card game, borrowed from the Spaniards, and usually played by three persons; it involves forty cards, omitting the ranks of 8, 9 and 10. Etymology 2

n. (context archaic English) A large Mediterranean food fish (taxlink Umbrina cirrosa species noshow=1) -- called also umbra, and umbrine.


Ombre (literally "shaded" in French) is the gradual blending of one color hue to another, usually moving tints and shades from light to dark. In hair coloring, hair which has an ombre is said to be ombrée (of women) or ombré (of men) (both literally "shaded" in French).

It has became a popular feature for hair coloring, nail art, and even baking, in addition to its uses in home decorating and graphic design.

Usage examples of "ombre".

His great genius for financial combinations was at this time employed by him in gleek, trick-track, quadrille, whist, loo, ombre, and other pastimes of mingled luck and skill.

I liked the bar, Ombre Rosso, that I passed on the way home to my apartment, the same group always gathered around the same table, drinking wine and smoking and laughing.

On remue avec la poussiere de la boite a deux sous, mille ombres terribles ou charmantes.

It was there that Egalite Orleans roasted partridges on the night when he and the Marquis of Steyne won a hundred thousand from a great personage at ombre.

The rest of the day I spent with the canon, making good cheer, playing ombre, drinking hard, and talking about girls or literature.

Perle di luce si staccarono dalle dita del Jaff illuminandogli il volto, che era sparuto, e il corpo, an­cora vestito come lo era stato al Mall, ma che riempiva l'o­scurità della stanza di nuovi terata, non più le bestie com­plesse che erano state in precedenza, bensì ombre munite di barbigli.

Le folte chiome degli alberi gli impedivano di scorgere il cielo e gettavano ambigue ombre sul terreno.