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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Norma \Nor"ma\, n. [L.]

  1. A norm; a principle or rule; a model; a standard.
    --J. S. Mill.

  2. A mason's or a carpenter's square or rule.

  3. A templet or gauge.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

fem. proper name, probably from Latin norma (see norm).


n. 1 a norm 2 a template

Norma (opera)

Norma is a tragedia lirica or opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini with libretto by Felice Romani after Norma, ou L'infanticide (Norma, or The Infanticide) by Alexandre Soumet. It was first produced at La Scala in Milan on 26 December 1831.

The opera is regarded as a leading example of the bel canto genre and a major soprano aria, Casta diva, in act 1, is one of the most famous of the nineteenth century. Some notable Normas of the post-war period were Maria Callas, Joan Sutherland, and Montserrat Caballé.

Norma (constellation)

Norma is a small constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere between Scorpius and Centaurus, one of twelve drawn up in the 18th century by French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille and one of several depicting scientific instruments. Its name is Latin for normal, referring to a right angle, and is variously considered to represent a rule, a carpenter's square, a set square or a level. It remains one of the 88 modern constellations

Four of Norma's brighter stars—Gamma, Delta, Epsilon and Eta—make up a square in the field of faint stars. Gamma Normae is the brightest star with an apparent magnitude of 4.0. Mu Normae is one of the most luminous stars known, with a luminosity half- to one million times that of the Sun. Four star systems are known to harbour planets. The Milky Way passes through Norma, and the constellation contains eight open clusters visible to observers with binoculars. The constellation also hosts Abell 3627, also called the Norma Cluster, one of the most massive galaxy clusters known.


No Remote Memory Access (abbreviated as NoRMA) is a computer memory architecture for multiprocessor systems, given its name by . In a NoRMA architecture, the address space globally is not unique and the memory is not globally accessible by the processors. Accesses to remote memory modules are only indirectly possible by messages through the interconnection network to other processors, which in turn possibly deliver the desired data in a reply message. The entire storage configuration is partitioned statically among the processors.

The advantage of the NoRMA model is the ability to construct extremely large configurations, which is achieved by shifting the problem to the user configuration. Programs for NoRMA architectures need to evenly partitioning the data into local memory modules, ensure consistency of software caches to enforce the desired consistency model, handle transformations of data identifiers from one processor's address space to another, and realize a message-passing system for remote access to data. The programming model of Norma architecture is therefore extremely complicated.

Norma (play)

Norma, or A Politician's Love ( Norwegian:Norma eller En Politikers Kjærlighed) is an eight-page drama written as an opera parody by Henrik Ibsen. It is influenced by Vincenzo Bellini's opera Norma, which Ibsen saw in 1851, but the characters are contemporary politicians. The play was first printed anonymously in the satirical magazine Andhrimner in 1851. The first book edition came in 1909, and the first performance of the play was at a student theatre in Trondheim 1994.

Norma (given name)

Norma is a female name. The name Norma was referenced around 1203, though Norma might have been created through an opera entitled Norma by Vincenzo Bellini under Felice Romani.

The female name Norma may be feminine of Norman, in which case this means "Of the North", although in Latin the word norma means patterns. The name has fluctuated regarding popularity in over 100 years; the popularity of Norma has officially gone downwards in the United States, although it's still in common usage.

Norma (supermarket)

Norma is a food discount store with more than 1,300 stores in Germany, France, the Czech Republic and Austria. The stores are appearing as Norma and Norma-Rodi, as Norma has acquired the company Rodi.

NORMA (software modeling tool)

NORMA (Natural ORM Architect for Visual Studio) is a software based conceptual modeling tool based on object-role modeling (ORM), and is a free and open source plug-in to Microsoft Visual Studio 2005, Visual Studio 2008, Visual Studio 2010, Visual Studio 2012, Visual Studio 2013 and Visual Studio 2015. It supports ORM 2 (second generation ORM), and maps ORM models to a variety of implementation targets, including major database engines, object-oriented code, and XML schema.

Dr. Terry Halpin's latest book, Information Modeling and Relational Databases: From Conceptual Analysis to Logical Design "...uses the notation of ORM 2 (second generation ORM), as supported by the NORMA (Neumont ORM Architect) tool..." (page 10), and "At the time of writing, the Neumont ORM Architect (NORMA) tool provides the most complete support for the ORM 2 notation discussed in this book." (Preface, xxv).

He also states: "A modeling method as good as ORM deserves a good CASE tool. Since the early 1990's, talented staff at ServerWare, Asymetrix Corporation, InfoModelers Incorporated, Visio Corporation, Microsoft Corporation, Neumont University have worked to develop state of the art CASE tools to support the specific ORM method discussed in this book. The following talented individuals currently working as lead software engineers on the NORMA tool deserve special mention: Matt Curland and Kevin Owen." (Preface, xxvi)

Norma (journal)

Norma: International Journal for Masculinity Studies is a quarterly academic journal in the field of masculinity studies, published by Routledge. It was established in 2006 as the Nordic Journal for Masculinity Studies, a joint effort of the masculinities studies research communities in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. It was published by Universitetsforlaget until it was acquired by Routledge in 2014 and obtained its current title.

The editors-in-chief are Lucas Gottzén ( Linköping University) and Ulf Mellström ( Karlstad University).

Usage examples of "norma".

While no one had ever considered Norma beautiful, he still found her attractive because of who she was--a gentle genius with a passion for the art of mathematics that surpassed even the purest fanaticism of the most dedicated jihadi fighter.

The Party The next afternoon, on the way over to the Coke party Anna Lee was having for Betty Raye, Norma got Patsy Marie to make a solemn promise that if she felt in the least bit strange or as if she might start speaking in the unknown tongue she was to leave at once.

Through his access to Rossak pharmaceuticals, Arrakis melange, and glowglobe and suspensor products invented by dear Norma, he had leveraged his advantages as much as possible, which pleased him immensely.

I got a pictur in my walet of me and Norma with Uncle Herman who got me the job to be janiter at Donners bakery before he dyed.

He yanked up his yellowy undershirt, exposing two passion marks Norma had given him on the stomach.

A strict taskmaster, he would make certain the slaves behaved for her, so Norma could accomplish her goals on time.

Norma and her backers would travel between star systems, exponentially faster than the limits of contemporary technology.

With her prescience, Norma saw the future, like reflections within reflections, echoing to infinity.

In his office, Norma stared at the radiographs as if she were interested.

There was an assortment of knives, novacula and rasoriums, rulers, regula, linula, normas, needle and thread to repair parchment if torn, and a dozen or so assorted covered pots, one of which contained a particularly odious-smelling dried glue.

Jacques-Marie Houdon was a barely discreet four steps behind Norma Bellini, Madoc noted with no great feeling of disappointment.

Madame Norma Bellini, whom you will of course remember from her superb solo recital last month in Stratford, is our contralto, and the great Carlos Pitney is our bass.

To be acclaimed on the concert stage as the incomparable Norma Bellini was one thing.

Lady Sylvester Elmshade, Mrs Barbara Lovebirch, Mrs Poll Ash, Mrs Holly Hazeleyes, Miss Daphne Bays, Miss Dorothy Canebrake, Mrs Clyde Twelvetrees, Mrs Rowan Greene, Mrs Helen Vinegadding, Miss Virginia Creeper, Miss Gladys Beech, Miss Olive Garth, Miss Blanche Maple, Mrs Maud Mahogany, Miss Myra Myrtle, Miss Priscilla Elderflower, Miss Bee Honeysuckle, Miss Grace Poplar, Miss O Mimosa San, Miss Rachel Cedarfrond, the Misses Lilian and Viola Lilac, Miss Timidity Aspenall, Mrs Kitty Dewey-Mosse, Miss May Hawthorne, Mrs Gloriana Palme, Mrs Liana Forrest, Mrs Arabella Blackwood and Mrs Norma Holyoake of Oakholme Regis graced the ceremony by their presence.

In February MOM premiered Broadway Melody a huge box-office success followed by Hollywood Revue of 1929, offering such stars as Marie Dressier, Norma Shearer, John Gilbert, Laurel and Hardy and Joan Crawford.