Neith ( or ; also spelled Nit, Net, or Neit) was an early goddess in the Egyptian pantheon. She was the patron deity of Sais, where her cult was centered in the Western Nile Delta of Egypt and attested as early as the First Dynasty. The Ancient Egyptian name of this city was Zau.
Neith also was one of the three tutelary deities of the ancient Egyptian southern city of Ta-senet or Iunyt now known as Esna (Arabic: إسنا), Greek: Λατόπολις (Latopolis), or πόλις Λάτων (polis Laton), or Λάττων (Laton); Latin: Lato), which is located on the west bank of the River Nile, some 55 km south of Luxor, in the modern Qena Governorate.
Neith crater is a crater on Jupiter's moon Ganymede, the largest moon in the solar system.
Impact features like Neith have been called " penepalimpsests" by some investigators or " dome craters" by others and are considered to be transitional between craters and palimpsests. Palimpsests are bright, nearly circular patches that are believed to be remnant impact features. They occur also on Callisto, Ganymede's neighbor farther distant from Jupiter.
The most striking feature in Neith is a large, circular dome about 45 km in diameter. The dome is surrounded by a wreath of rugged terrain. The wreath does not represent the original crater rim but the rim of a large central pit instead. The rim itself is barely visible and is located along the outer boundary of a relatively smooth, circular area, assumed to be the crater floor, which in turn surrounds the wreath of rugged terrain. In some parts along the rim, inward-facing scarps may be seen. The rim is not circular but appears to be petal-shaped. Outside the rim, a continuous ejecta blanket may be discerned.
The morphology of impact features such as Neith results either from the response of a relatively weak target material to a high-energy impact or from long-term viscous relaxation of the surface subsequent to impact.
Absolute ages derived from crater frequency measurements are model-dependent. In one crater chronology model, based on impacts dominated by asteroids, Neith may be old and very likely was formed during a period of more intense bombardment than today, about 3.9 billion years ago. In a different model, based on impacts preferentially by comets with a more or less constant impact rate, Neith may be only about 1 billion years old.
Neith is a hypothetical natural satellite of Venus reportedly sighted by Giovanni Cassini in 1672 and by several other astronomers in following years. The first supposed sighting of this moon was in 1650. It was 'observed' up to 30 times by astronomers until 1770, when there were no new sightings and it was not found during the transit of Venus in 1761 and 1769.
Neith was an ancient Egyptian queen consort, one of the principal queens of the Old Kingdom pharaoh Pepi II Neferkare, who ruled (c. 2278 BC – c. 2184 BC). Queen Neith was named after goddess Neith.
Neith may refer to:
- Neith, an Egyptian goddess
- Neith (wife of Pepi II), one of three principal queens of the Old Kingdom pharaoh Pepi II, who ruled (c. 2278 BC–c. 2184 BC).
- Neith (moon), a hypothetical moon of Venus
- Neith (crater), a crater on Jupiter's moon Ganymede
- Neith, the Orbital Frame of Viola in the Zone of the Enders game by Konami
- 1122 Neith, an asteroid
Usage examples of "neith".
Recognizing the wisdom of his words, the neteru agreed to the mock vote, though Neith muttered a little that it should count as the real thing, as there was no way her son could lose.
Ra merely placed his arm to his breast in a silent salute but Neith seethed.
Bes danced about before Neith, whom he knew had enjoyed his entertainment in the past.
The last thing Neith heard as she left the palace was the loud shout of the gathered deities and the start of their joyful celebration.
Nunu sighed--it was useless to argue with Neith when she was so furious.
After he had left her sight, Neith went outside into her courtyard to walk around.
More annoyed than afraid, Neith snatched an arrow from her quiver and fitted it to her bow, taking aim.
Ever since Neith had cast him out of the family he had been able to think of nothing else.
To think that Neith and Nunu had gone all this time putting up with him if he were so undeserving!
None of them had gotten very far when Neith jumped to her feet with a cry, and they all turned back to see what the trouble was.
As the gods left, she caught sight of Hu and Sia looking back at them with open curiosity--in particular toward Ra, their new father--before the door could swing shut behind them, leaving Neith and her son in silence.
Mehurt, Mehureret The Egyption Goddess Neith as the sacred cow of the world.
Wearing the double crown of unified Egypt, Neith eventually commanded the reverence of all Egyptians from her temple city of Sais.
In the beginning of time, it was said, Neith took up the shuttle, strung the sky on her loom, and wove the world.
Finally, in the shape of a cow, Neith invented childbirth by bringing forth Ra, who grew to be the mightiest of the gods.