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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
martyr
I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ VERB
become
▪ Did her trick to catch the saint who avoided becoming a martyr.
▪ If you want to become a martyr, make sure the issue merits it.
▪ There was a fear that he might die in Britain and become a rightwing martyr.
▪ Four little girls involuntarily became civil rights martyrs.
make
▪ The problem is to address this kind of thing without vilifying one group and making martyrs of another.
▪ His death made him a martyr to the cruelties of minority white rule and racial separation.
▪ In London they made Ken Livingstone a martyr and a hero.
▪ They made martyrs of themselves occasionally - a sorely missed commodity.
▪ Killing him would only make him a martyr.
▪ The army may have been holding back because it is reluctant to make martyrs.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a martyred look/expression/air etc
▪ He did not reply, but got into the car glumly, with a martyred air.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ Don't be a martyr - ask for help if you need it.
▪ His martyrdom encouraged the people to resist.
▪ His death in police hands made him a martyr among the people.
▪ It sounds to me like she has a little bit of a martyr mentality.
▪ The early Christian martyrs were killed by the thousands.
▪ We all like to play the martyr sometimes.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ After assisting in the burial of a martyr, this newly baptized soldier was taken before the emperor.
▪ Becoming a martyr in most business environments is a good way to damage your career progress permanently.
▪ Four little girls involuntarily became civil rights martyrs.
▪ If there is no other career on offer, that of a martyr might have to do for the young men.
▪ It seems my prisoners - the unfortunate woman's relatives - are in some quarters regarded as martyrs.
▪ Maddy and Patrick are no martyrs, however.
▪ The problem is to address this kind of thing without vilifying one group and making martyrs of another.
II.verb
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ And then?... martyred.
▪ Blaise was martyred during Lininius' persecutions.
▪ He was martyred in Alexandria by means of strangulation.
▪ He was martyred when thrown from a temple, then stoned to death.
▪ He was appointed bishop shortly before he was martyred while saying mass.
▪ Her eyes were half-closed, her expression martyred.
▪ James was beheaded in Jerusalem, the first apostle to be martyred.
▪ Undoubtedly, life would have been simpler had Emilio been safely martyred.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Martyr

Martyr \Mar"tyr\, n. [AS., from L. martyr, Gr. ma`rtyr, ma`rtys, prop., a witness; cf. Skr. sm[.r] to remember, E. memory.]

  1. One who, by his death, bears witness to the truth of the gospel; one who is put to death for his religion; as, Stephen was the first Christian martyr.
    --Chaucer.

    To be a martyr, signifies only to witness the truth of Christ; but the witnessing of the truth was then so generally attended with persecution, that martyrdom now signifies not only to witness, but to witness by death.
    --South.

  2. Hence, one who sacrifices his life, his station, or what is of great value to him, for the sake of principle, or to sustain a cause.

    Then if thou fall'st, O Cromwell, Thou fall'st a blessed martyr !
    --Shak.

Martyr

Martyr \Mar"tyr\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Martyred; p. pr. & vb. n. Martyring.]

  1. To put to death for adhering to some belief, esp. Christianity; to sacrifice on account of faith or profession.
    --Bp. Pearson.

  2. To persecute; to torment; to torture.
    --Chaucer.

    The lovely Amoret, whose gentle heart Thou martyrest with sorrow and with smart.
    --Spenser.

    Racked with sciatics, martyred with the stone.
    --Pope.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
martyr

Old English martyr, from Late Latin martyr, from Doric Greek martyr, earlier martys (genitive martyros), in Christian use "martyr," literally "witness," probably related to mermera "care, trouble," from mermairein "be anxious or thoughtful," from PIE *(s)mrtu- (cognates: Sanskrit smarati "remember," Latin memor "mindful;" see memory).\n

\nAdopted directly into most Germanic languages, but Norse substituted native formation pislarvattr, literally "torture-witness." General sense of "constant sufferer" is from 1550s. Martyr complex "exaggerated desire for self-sacrifice" is attested from 1920.

martyr

Old English martyrian, from martyr (see martyr (n.)). Middle English also had a verb martyrize.

Wiktionary
martyr

n. 1 One who willingly accepts being put to death for adhering openly to one's religious beliefs; notably, saints canonized after martyrdom. 2 (context by extension English) One who sacrifices his or her life, station, or something of great personal value, for the sake of principle or to sustain a cause. 3 (qualifier: with a prepositional phrase of cause) One who suffers greatly and/or constantly, even involuntarily. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To make someone into a '''martyr''' by putting him or her to death for adhering to, or acting in accordance with, some belief, especially religious; to sacrifice on account of faith or profession. 2 (context transitive English) To persecute. 3 (context transitive English) To torment; to torture.

WordNet
martyr
  1. n. one who suffers for the sake of principle [syn: sufferer]

  2. one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion

martyr
  1. v. kill as a martyr; "Saint Sebastian was martyred"

  2. torture and torment like a martyr [syn: martyrize, martyrise]

Wikipedia
Martyr

A martyr ( Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is somebody who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a belief or cause as demanded by an external party. This refusal to comply with the presented demands results in the punishment or execution of the martyr by the oppressor. Originally applied only to those who suffered for their religious beliefs, it is now often used for people imprisoned or executed for espousing a political cause.

Most martyrs are considered holy or are respected by their followers, becoming symbols of exceptional leadership and heroism in the face of difficult circumstances. Martyrs play significant roles in religions. Similarly, martyrs have had notable effects in secular life, including specific figures such as Socratĵes, as well as in politics and Chinese culture.

Martyr (song)

"Martyr" is the 45th UK single by Depeche Mode. It was released as a non-album single intended to promote the new compilation, The Best Of, Volume 1, that was released on 13 November 2006. The single was released on 30 October 2006 in three formats: CD single, CD maxi and DVD single. There was also a limited edition double-12" single (L12BONG39) featuring four remixes of previous Depeche Mode tracks.

The song, originally titled "Martyr for Love", is a well-known missing track from the Playing the Angel sessions. The song was mentioned on one of the FletchCam videos (where it can faintly be heard playing in the background), and was mentioned in interviews. Playing the Angel programmer Dave McCracken has said that it was considered by the band as the first single from Playing the Angel but it did not make the album due to its poppier sound, when compared with other album tracks.

The single became Depeche Mode's 35th to hit the UK Top 20.

Martyr (disambiguation)

A martyr is a person who is put to death or endures suffering because of a belief, principle, or cause. Martyr or martyrs may also refer to:

Martyr (band)

Martyr is a Canadian death metal band from Trois-Rivières, Québec, founded in 1994 by brothers Daniel and François Mongrain. Their musical style consist of mostly progressive use of melodics and variations of thrash and death metal influences.

Martyr (genus)

Martyr is a genus of beetles in the family Carabidae, containing the following species:

  • Martyr alter Semenov & Znojko, 1929
  • Martyr praeteritorum Semenov & Znojko, 1929
Martyr (politics)

In politics, a martyr is someone who suffers persecution and/or death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, and/or refusing to advocate a political belief or cause.

The Manchester Martyrs were three Irishmen executed after being condemned for association with the killing of a policeman in Manchester, England in 1867. The day after the executions, Frederick Engels wrote to Karl Marx: "Yesterday morning the Tories, by the hand of Mr Calcraft, accomplished the final act of separation between England and Ireland. The only thing that the Fenians still lacked were martyrs. ... To my knowledge, the only time that anybody has been executed for a similar matter in a civilised country was the case of John Brown at Harpers Ferry. The Fenians could not have wished for a better precedent."

The Tolpuddle Martyrs were a group of 19th century agricultural labourers in Dorset, England, who were arrested for and convicted of swearing a secret oath as members of the Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers. The rules of the society showed it was clearly structured as a friendly society, that is, a mutual association for the purposes of insurance, pensions, savings or cooperative banking; and it operated as a trade-specific benefit society. But at the time, friendly societies had strong elements of what are now considered to be the principal role of trade unions, and wages were at issue. The Tolpuddle Martyrs were sentenced not to death but to transportation to Australia, a harsh form of exile.

The Belfiore martyrs (in Italian, Martiri di Belfiore) were a group of Italian pro-independence fighters condemned to death by hanging in 1853 during the Italian Risorgimento. They included Tito Speri and the priest Enrico Tazzoli and are named after the site where the sentence was carried out, in the valley of Belfiore at the south entrance to Mantua.

Other notable martyrs include:

  • 1965 – Malcolm X, assassinated due to his leadership in Black Nationalism
  • 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr., assassinated for his leadership of the Civil Rights Movement
  • 1981 – Bobby Sands, an Irish Republican who died on hunger strike while imprisoned

Usage examples of "martyr".

She had been so careful not to make a martyr out of Braeg, and so confident that she could quell the uprisings on the outworlds, that she had allowed his affrontery to go too far.

This persecution under the Hashimite monarchy raised communists to a status near that of martyrs in the eyes of the antimonarchical postrevolutionary leaders plotting the 1958 uprising.

And when we remember that the martyrs of the 29th Prairial included women like Grandmaison, the devoted friend of de Batz, the beautiful Emilie de St.

Indeed, de Batz had no keys such as these to open the way for him to the presence of the martyred little King.

Dodwell, the whole host of martyrs, which owe their existence to the prodigal invention of later days, had he but bestowed fair room, and dwelt with his ordinary energy on the sufferings of the genuine witnesses to the truth of Christianity, the Polycarps, or the martyrs of Vienne.

Prisca, Virgin and Martyr, and after midday, died our beloved Brother, John Bouman, a Priest, who was once our Procurator.

He had not quite liked the tone of that specially exoteric young monster-cub, who had clearly regarded him as a distinguished fogy from the army of martyrs.

This venerable organization is rich not only in the possession of a heroic martyr history, but in the inheritance of liturgic forms and usages of unsurpassed beauty and dignity.

Los Martires, the martyrs, because they looked like dead guys lying down.

Christians have been martyred for their faith in this century than in the previous 1900 years combined.

Yet these new Christians will not take the mark of the beast, and most will be martyred for their faith in Jesus.

Christian martyr, and of the martyred Archbishop of Canterbury, Aelfheah.

Other Norman-French poems were written in England on the rebellion, on the conquest of Ireland, on the life of the martyred Thomas--poems which threw off the formal rules of the stilted Latin fashion, and embodied the tales of eye-witnesses with their graphic brief descriptions.

Holy Orders than a boy of thirteen: a richly illuminated Book of Hours, a rosewood and silver crucifix worthy of a cathedral chapel, a relic of the martyred Saint Willim sealed in a crystal reliquary, and from Hubert, a starkly functional silver chalice and paten and a chasuble of creamy wool, surprisingly plain compared to the other gifts.

German-looking spot in martyred France as he has made of the insulted hillock!