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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
malaria
noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
malaria pills (=pills that prevent malaria)
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
parasite
▪ So could malaria parasites be destroyed by assaulting them with free oxygen radicals?
▪ This may be a result of having received a lesser dose of malaria parasite, he said.
▪ After infection, malaria parasites multiply by a factor of eight every 24 hours.
■ VERB
die
▪ Men were dying daily from malaria, dysentery and malnutrition.
▪ A child died of malaria at the Schweitzer Hospital one recent night, but there were no heroic measures.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ In areas of low transmission, use of the artemisinin derivatives may have the added benefit of reducing the incidence of malaria.
▪ In his magazine, he published formulas for animal manures and prescriptions for the cure of snake bites and malaria.
▪ In the South, many believed that mint julep prevented malaria.
▪ More people now die of pesticide poisoning in Sri Lanka than from certain important diseases, including malaria.
▪ Officially he had malaria, but his battle with Aids was well known.
▪ Some house 50,000 people, many with malaria.
▪ Some progress was made upon a few, particularly the reduction of major epidemics of malaria, cholera, smallpox and yellow-fever.
▪ They sometimes went two or three days without food; many succumbed to malaria, cholera and other diseases en route.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
malaria

malaria \ma*la"ri*a\, n. [It., contr. fr. malaaria bad air. See Malice, and Air.]

  1. Air infected with some noxious substance capable of engendering disease; esp., an unhealthy exhalation from certain soils, as marshy or wet lands, producing fevers; miasma. [Archaic]

    Note: The morbific agent in malaria is supposed by some to be a vegetable microbe or its spores, and by others to be a very minute animal blood parasite (an infusorian).

  2. (Med.) A human disease caused by infection of red blood cells by a protozoan of the genus Plasmodium, giving rise to fever and chills and many other symptoms, characterized by their tendency to recur at definite and usually uniform intervals. The protozoal infection is usually transmitted from another infected individual by the bite of an Anopheles mosquito.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
malaria

1740, from Italian mal'aria, from mala aria, literally "bad air," from mala "bad" (fem. of malo, from Latin malus; see mal-) + aria "air" (see air (n.1)). Probably first used by Italian physician Francisco Torti (1658-1741). The disease, now known to be mosquito-borne, once was thought to be caused by foul air in marshy districts. Replaced native ague.

Wiktionary
malaria

n. A disease spread by mosquito, in which a protozoan, ''Plasmodium'', multiplies in blood every few days.

WordNet
malaria

n. an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever

Wikipedia
Malaria (film)

Malaria is a 1919 German silent film directed by Rochus Gliese and starring Lyda Salmonova, Emil Kühne and Ewald Bach.

Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type. Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, fatigue, vomiting, and headaches. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma, or death. Symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten. If not properly treated, people may have recurrences of the disease months later. In those who have recently survived an infection, reinfection usually causes milder symptoms. This partial resistance disappears over months to years if the person has no continuing exposure to malaria.

The disease is most commonly transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito bite introduces the parasites from the mosquito's saliva into a person's blood. The parasites travel to the liver where they mature and reproduce. Five species of Plasmodium can infect and be spread by humans. Most deaths are caused by P. falciparum because P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae generally cause a milder form of malaria. The species P. knowlesi rarely causes disease in humans. Malaria is typically diagnosed by the microscopic examination of blood using blood films, or with antigen-based rapid diagnostic tests. Methods that use the polymerase chain reaction to detect the parasite's DNA have been developed, but are not widely used in areas where malaria is common due to their cost and complexity.

The risk of disease can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites through the use of mosquito nets and insect repellents, or with mosquito-control measures such as spraying insecticides and draining standing water. Several medications are available to prevent malaria in travellers to areas where the disease is common. Occasional doses of the medication sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine are recommended in infants and after the first trimester of pregnancy in areas with high rates of malaria. Despite a need, no effective vaccine exists, although efforts to develop one are ongoing. The recommended treatment for malaria is a combination of antimalarial medications that includes an artemisinin. The second medication may be either mefloquine, lumefantrine, or sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine. Quinine along with doxycycline may be used if an artemisinin is not available. It is recommended that in areas where the disease is common, malaria is confirmed if possible before treatment is started due to concerns of increasing drug resistance. Resistance among the parasites has developed to several antimalarial medications; for example, chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum has spread to most malarial areas, and resistance to artemisinin has become a problem in some parts of Southeast Asia.

The disease is widespread in the tropical and subtropical regions that exist in a broad band around the equator. This includes much of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America. In 2015, there were 214 million cases of malaria worldwide resulting in an estimated 438,000 deaths, 90% of which occurred in Africa. Rates of disease have decreased from 2000 to 2015 by 37%, but increased from 2014 during which there were 198 million cases. Malaria is commonly associated with poverty and has a major negative effect on economic development. In Africa, it is estimated to result in losses of US$12 billion a year due to increased healthcare costs, lost ability to work, and negative effects on tourism.

Usage examples of "malaria".

He was inoculated against the local and the artificially introduced strains of malaria, yellow jack, typhus, and dengue fever.

There are some malarious spots on the edge of Lake Champlain, arid there have been some temporary centres of malaria, within the memory of man, on one or more of our Massachusetts rivers, but these are harmless enough, for the most part, unless the millers dam them, when they are apt to retaliate with a whiff from their meadows, that sets the whole neighborhood shaking with fever and ague.

Goldstein shuffled to the last page, past the tests confirming malaria: decreased hemoglobin, hemocrit, platelet count and haptoglobin.

London, and Calcutta, to develop vaccines for polio, smallpox, malaria, typhoid, yellow fever, tuberculosis, influenza, and leprosy.

There were also the ever-present booby traps to take their toll of the American troops, as well as punji stakes and malaria, but very little actual fighting.

It was an Africa of AIDS and malnutrition and drought and malaria and staph infections and dengue fever and endless futile wars, an Africa drenched in savagery.

AIDS today, the knowledge of old uneradicated diseases such as malaria and exotic new ones such as Ebola, the dawning awareness of bioterrorism as a geopolitical fact of life, tell us that these issues transcend art and literature.

Quite possibly Adams had fallen victim to malaria, which in the heat of summer could be rampant in European seaports.

More than a month would pass before Adams felt reasonably well again, and some symptoms of the fever would drag on, or recur long afterward, another characteristic of malaria.

Senator Sam Brownback, a conservative Kansas Republican, has complained about this policy, and has introduced a bill to force the administration to spend half of its malaria budget on treatment.

The wagon they traveled in was loaded with fancy little colored bottles of medicine, each with its special disease to cure: cancer, consumption, neuralgia, malaria, cachexia, stroke, fit, and seizure.

Low levels, damp surroundings, and marshy localities not only breed malaria and fevers, but are a prolific cause of colds, coughs, and consumption.

That summer James became severely sick with malaria, and Dolley canceled all her activities to nurse him.

Then there were quinine and other simple remedies for malaria handed round, for in a Formosan crowd there were often many shaking in the grip of this terrible disease.

We were all mighty pleased to be on the move again, partly because Haifa was not a deliriously exciting place to be in, but chiefly because the neighbourhood of the famous river Kishon was singularly uninviting, and when the rains came, would be a veritable plague-spot of malaria and blackwater fever.