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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Localization \Lo`cal*i*za"tion\, n. [Cf. F. localisation.] Act of localizing, or state of being localized.

Cerebral localization (Physiol.), the localization of the control of special functions, as of sight or of the various movements of the body, in special regions of the brain.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1811, noun of action from localize.


alt. 1 The act of localize. 2 The state of being localized. 3 (context software engineering English) act or process of making a product suitable for use in a particular country or region. n. 1 The act of localize. 2 The state of being localized. 3 (context software engineering English) act or process of making a product suitable for use in a particular country or region.

  1. n. a determination of the location of something; "he got a good fix on the target" [syn: localisation, location, locating, fix]

  2. (physiology) the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body [syn: localization of function, localisation of function, localization principle, localisation principle, localisation]


Localization or localisation may refer to:

Localization (algebra)

In commutative algebra and algebraic geometry, the localization is a formal way to introduce the "denominators" to a given ring or module. That is, it introduces a new ring/module out of an existing one so that it consists of fractions

. where the denominators s range in a given subset S of R. The basic example is the construction of the ring Q of rational numbers from the ring Z of rational integers.

The technique has become fundamental, particularly in algebraic geometry, as it provides a natural link to sheaf theory. In fact, the term localization originates in algebraic geometry: if R is a ring of functions defined on some geometric object ( algebraic variety) V, and one wants to study this variety "locally" near a point p, then one considers the set S of all functions which are not zero at p and localizes R with respect to S. The resulting ring R* contains only information about the behavior of V near p. Cf. the example given at local ring.

An important related process is completion: one often localizes a ring/module, then completes.

In this article, a ring is commutative with unity.

Usage examples of "localization".

A former professor of English, she now runs a small software localization business in Stuttgart, Germany.

Naturally it began mainly as localized nuclei, but those localizations were merely for convenience of propaganda, teaching, and local purposes.

In a single continuous sentence it is possible to indicate relations of time, of consequence, of possession, and of localization, all of which certainly enter into the subject-verb-predicate series, but cannot be pinned down by so broad a distinction.

Furthermore, as Lyons acknowledges, within the brain sciences there is presently a general consensus that, while there is evidence for some sort of localization, there are no precise and different locations or even different sorts of brain tissue corresponding to different thoughts, sensations, or even different types of thoughts or sensations.

We can confirm this localization in living patients using magnetic resonance images (MRI).

Penfield, extending the findings of previous researchers, also uncovered a remarkable localization of function in the motor cortex.

The development of electroencephalograph, the concept of focal and generalized epilepsies, new methods of frameless stereotactic surgery contributions to postglandin biochemistry in the nervous system, localization of dystrophin skeletal muscle.