Lhota is a popular name of Czech villages, founded during the Middle-age colonization in Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia. It is assumed that most of them were founded in the 13th century and the first half of the 14th century. The name was first mentioned in 1199.
The inhabitants of newly founded villages had obligations towards suzerains, but those duties were usually suspended for a certain period (such as 5 – 8 years) as a compensation for felling of forests and making the land available for agriculture. This period used to be called "lhóta" (= 'due period') and often became a part of the village name.
There are about 500 villages called Lhota or a derivation of this name (Lhotka, Lhotice, Lhoty, Lhůty in the Czech Republic; Lehota or Lehótka in Slovakia). The largest of them is Ostrožská Lhota in the Uherské Hradiště District. Most of them are in East, South-East and South Bohemia, outside the oldest inhabited area. Therefore it is assumed that they were founded in the latter part of colonization process, on less fertile land on higher altitudes.
They were usually established by local inhabitants, namely smaller noblemen close to their own village. The name of the founder, usually of a Slavonic origin, became sometimes a part of village name (e.g., Horákova Lhota).
In other cases, the adjective in village name relates to its size (Dlouhá Lhota - Long L.) or other characteristics (Dolní Lhota - Low L., Písková Lhota - Sandy L.).
Lhota (Kladno District) is a village and municipality in Kladno District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
''' Lhota (Prague-East District) ''' is a village and municipality in Prague-East District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
Lhota is a village and municipality ( obec) in Přerov District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic.
The municipality covers an area of , and has a population of 336 (as at 3 July 2006).
Lhota lies approximately north-east of Přerov, east of Olomouc, and east of Prague.
Lhota is a village and municipality ( obec) in Zlín District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic.
The municipality covers an area of , and has a population of 786 (as at 3 July 2006).
Lhota lies approximately south-west of Zlín and south-east of Prague.
Lhota is name of many locations in the Czech Republic:
- Lhota (Kladno District)
- Lhota (Prague-East District)
- Lhota (Přerov District)
- Lhota (Zlín District)
…and many others