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Laika (; c. 1954 – November 3, 1957) was a Soviet space dog who became one of the first animals in space, and the first animal to orbit the Earth. Laika, a stray dog from the streets of Moscow, was selected to be the occupant of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched into outer space on November 3, 1957.

Little was known about the impact of spaceflight on living creatures at the time of Laika's mission, and the technology to de-orbit had not yet been developed, and therefore Laika's survival was not expected. Some scientists believed humans would be unable to survive the launch or the conditions of outer space, so engineers viewed flights by animals as a necessary precursor to human missions. The experiment aimed to prove that a living passenger could survive being launched into orbit and endure micro-gravity, paving the way for human spaceflight and providing scientists with some of the first data on how living organisms react to spaceflight environments.

Laika died within hours from overheating, possibly caused by a failure of the central R-7 sustainer to separate from the payload. The true cause and time of her death were not made public until 2002; instead, it was widely reported that she died when her oxygen ran out on day six or, as the Soviet government initially claimed, she was euthanised prior to oxygen depletion.

On April 11, 2008, Russian officials unveiled a monument to Laika. A small monument in her honour was built near the military research facility in Moscow that prepared Laika's flight to space. It features a dog standing on top of a rocket. She also appears on the Monument to the Conquerors of Space in Moscow.

Laika (band)

Laika is a British band founded in 1993 by the ex-members of Moonshake, Margaret Fiedler and John Frenett, and producer and engineer Guy Fixsen. The band was named after the Russian dog Laika, the first animal to orbit the earth.

Laika (disambiguation)

Laika was a Soviet space dog who was the first animal to orbit the Earth.

Laika may also refer to:

Laika (company)

Laika Entertainment, LLC. is an American stop-motion animation studio specializing in feature films, commercial content for all media, music videos and short films. It is best known for its stop-motion feature films, Coraline, ParaNorman, The Boxtrolls as well as Kubo and the Two Strings. The studio is owned by Nike co-founder and chairman Phil Knight and is located in Oregon's Portland metropolitan area. His son, Travis acts as its president and CEO. The company had two divisions, Laika Entertainment for feature films and House Special Formally Laika/house for commercial content. Laika spun off the commercial division in July 2014 to focus on feature film production exclusively. The new independent commercial division is now called HouseSpecial.

Laika (dog breed)

Laika refers to a type of hunting dog of Northern Russia and Russian Siberia, and is a generic name for several breeds.

Laika (EHR testing framework)

Laika is an open source Electronic Health Record ( EHR) testing framework. Laika analyzes and reports on the interoperability capabilities of EHR systems. This includes the testing for certification of EHR software products and networks. Laika is designed to verify the input and output of EHR data against the standards and criteria identified by the Certification Commission for Healthcare Information Technology (CCHIT).

Since June 2008, Laika has been used by CCHIT to perform the machine-automated testing of EHR systems for interoperability.

Laika (comics)

Laika is a graphic novel by Nick Abadzis that gives a fictionalized account of the life and death of the eponymous dog, the first living creature launched in orbital spaceflight.

Based on a true story, the graphic novel tells the story of Laika from multiple points of view: from that of the ambitious Sergey Korolyov, Chief Engineer responsible for the launching and construction of Sputnik 2; to that of Yelena Dubrovsky, official trainer of the space-bound dogs; to that of Oleg Gazenko, scientist; and finally from the viewpoint of Laika herself, who had lived as a stray on the streets of Moscow.

Usage examples of "laika".

Careful not to step on Laika, Kosygin entered the dimly lit command centre.

Kosygin smiled, ignoring Laika, who sniffed in fascination at his right ankle.

Kosygin knew Zhukov studied him as he spoke, always testing his alertness, but he had difficulty paying attention while he subtly shook his leg in attempts to dislodge Laika from his ankle.

COLONEL General Viktor Aleksandrovich Zhukov followed Laika, his bold miniature Pekingese, down a rough-walled granite tunnel illuminated by yellowish green maintenance lighting.

Zhukov interrupted, pointing his extended arm at the guard so Laika could waddle closer and growl at him.

By his feet, at the end of her leash, Laika was already snoring where she had settled down on the plush carpet.

He was used to living in cramped quarterstrapped underground for months at a timebut without the company of Laika, his miniature Pekingese, he would have been driven mad.

He considered Laika much more intelligent than the two technical specialists piloting the mission, so he avoided contact with them in the thirty-foot-diameter hab module.

Zhukov pulled himself over to a seat and strapped in while he held Laika in his lap with a firm grip.

As if inspired by her namesake, the first dog in space, Laika accepted the new weight of her body without a sound.

With Laika leading the way in her spacesuit, Zhukov exited the elevator to get his first glimpse of the Borovitsky Gate.

In contrast, Laika strained at her leash trying to plunge through the gate to her doom.

Zhukov stooped to pick up the silently yapping Laika while Colonel Vladimir Korolev, commander of the Red Star base, strolled into the room from the elevator.

Beside the general, at the end of a short gold leash, Laika stood with her front paws pressed against the glass, her eyes in constant motion while she looked for potential victims.

Zhukov was puzzled, never having seen this behaviour from his loyal Laika before.