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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
S & L
L reg./M reg. etc
The Collaborative International Dictionary

L \L\ ([e^]l) n.

  1. L is the twelfth letter of the English alphabet, and a vocal consonant. It is usually called a semivowel or liquid. Its form and value are from the Greek, through the Latin, the form of the Greek letter being from the Ph[oe]nician, and the ultimate origin prob. Egyptian. Etymologically, it is most closely related to r and u; as in pilgrim, peregrine, couch (fr. collocare), aubura (fr. LL. alburnus).

    Note: At the end of monosyllables containing a single vowel, it is often doubled, as in fall, full, bell; but not after digraphs, as in foul, fool, prowl, growl, foal. In English words, the terminating syllable le is unaccented, the e is silent, and l is preceded by a voice glide, as in able, eagle, pronounced [=a]"b'l, [=e]"g'l. See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect]241.

  2. As a numeral, L stands for fifty in the English, as in the Latin language.

    For 50 the Romans used the Chalcidian chi, ?, which assumed the less difficult lapidary type, ?, and was then easily assimilated to L.
    --I. Taylor (The Alphabet).


L \L\, a.

  1. Having the general shape of the (capital) letter L; as, an L beam, or L-beam.

  2. Elevated; -- a symbol for el. as an abbreviation of elevated in elevated road or railroad. -- n. An elevated road; as, to ride on the L. [Colloq., U. S.]


L \L\ ([e^]l), n.

  1. An extension at right angles to the length of a main building, giving to the ground plan a form resembling the letter L; sometimes less properly applied to a narrower, or lower, extension in the direction of the length of the main building; a wing. [Written also ell.]

  2. (Mech.) A short right-angled pipe fitting, used in connecting two pipes at right angles. [Written also ell.]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Roman letter, from Greek lambda, from Semitic lamed. The shape of the Roman letter is an early one in Greek, adopted before it was superseded in Greek by the inverted form which became the Greek lambda.


Etymology 1 letter (Latn-def en letter 12 el) num. (Latn-def en ordinal 12 el) Etymology 2

n. 1 litre, liter 2 pound (sterling) (qualifier: from Latin ''libra'')


adj. being ten more than forty [syn: fifty, 50]

  1. n. a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints) [syn: liter, litre, cubic decimeter, cubic decimetre]

  2. the cardinal number that is the product of ten and five [syn: fifty, 50]

  3. a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter [syn: lambert]

  4. the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet

L (New York City Subway service)

The L 14th Street–Canarsie Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway, providing full-time service along the entire length of the two-tracked BMT Canarsie Line and its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored . The L operates between Eighth Avenue in Chelsea, Manhattan, and Rockaway Parkway in Canarsie, Brooklyn. It also briefly enters Queens at Halsey Street, serving the neighborhood of Ridgewood. It is the first New York City Subway service to be automated using communications-based train control.

L (complexity)

In computational complexity theory, L (also known as LSPACE or DLOGSPACE) is the complexity class containing decision problems that can be solved by a deterministic Turing machine using a logarithmic amount of memory space. Logarithmic space is sufficient to hold a constant number of pointers into the input and a logarithmic number of boolean flags, and many basic logspace algorithms use the memory in this way.


In set theory, L(R) (pronounced L of R) is the smallest transitive inner model of ZF containing all the ordinals and all the reals.

  1. redirect 50 (number)
L (moe. album)

L was recorded at several shows from moe.'s Fall 1999 tour, Former drummer Jim Loughlin returned to the band earlier in the year as a multi-instrumental utility man, adding to the drum work of Vinnie Amico.

The album reached a peak position of #29 on the Billboard Heatseekers chart.

Jammy Award winner (2000) for best live archival release.


L ( named el) is the twelfth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

L (disambiguation)

L is the twelfth letter of the Latin alphabet.

L may also refer to, or may also be an abbreviation used to denote:

L (novel)

L is a novel written by the Norwegian writer Erlend Loe. It is about a group of young men who go on an expedition to the small island Manuae in the Pacific Ocean. It was published in 1999, and was a big success.

L (Candy Lo EP)

L is Candy Lo's third EP. It features three songs, all sung in Mandarin. This EP is Candy's shortest to date.


Ł or ł, described in English as L with stroke, is a letter of the Polish, Kashubian, Sorbian, Łacinka (Latin Belarusian), Łatynka (Latin Ukrainian), Wymysorys, Navajo, Dene Suline, Inupiaq, Zuni, Hupa, and Dogrib alphabets, several proposed alphabets for the Venetian language, and the ISO 11940 romanization of the Thai alphabet. In Slavic languages, it represents the continuation of Proto-Slavic non- palatal l (see dark L). In most non-European languages, it represents a voiceless alveolar lateral fricative or similar sound.

L (Godley & Creme album)

L is the second album by Godley & Creme. It was released in 1978. Its 34-minute running time was a stark contrast with that of the ill-received triple concept album Consequences (1977). The album wasn't entirely well received, however.

The songs contained much variation and artistry, dissonances, complex time signatures and melodies, clever, poetical lyrics, and some wonderful echoes from Frank Zappa's Over-Nite Sensation (1973). Beautifully produced, the album was played almost completely by Godley and Creme, except for saxophones, and a brief vocal cameo by Paul Gambaccini.

The lyrics retained the satirical stance of some 10cc material with songs such as "The Sporting Life" and "Art School Canteen", which deal with suicide and art school angst. The album wasn't successful commercially.

( minuscule: ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from L with a diacritical dot below. It is or was used in some languages to represent various sounds.

  • In Asturian, two digraphs (Ḷḷ, minuscule: ḷḷ) are used to represent some western dialectal phonemes corresponding to standard ll (representing a palatal lateral approximant ). Among this group of dialectal pronunciations, usually called che vaqueira, can appear basically: a voiced retroflex plosive , a voiced retroflex affricate , a voiceless retroflex affricate and a voiceless alveolar affricate . Formerly, this group of sounds were represented as lh (in Fernan Coronas's proposed writing system), ts or ŝ. However, this grapheme is used only in dialectal texts and in toponyms of western Asturias. Because of the difficulties of writing it in digital texts, non-diacritical l.l ( majuscule: L.l) is also often used.

In the International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration, is used to represent vocalic .

L (programming language)

Multiple programming languages are named L, including:

  • A programming language started by Larry McVoy, with extensive help from Jeffrey Hobbs, Oscar Bonilla, and Tim Daly, Jr. It aims to wrap C-like syntax around core Tcl functionality.
  • A capability-secure and distributed language, developed by HP Labs. It is a derivative of lambda calculus, hence it is small, block-structured, dynamically-typed, and functional. It is both a language and an operating environment, like Smalltalk. It is capability-secure and distributed, like E.
  • A theoretical language with three (or four) instruction types used to discuss computability in Martin Davis' Computability, complexity and Languages (ISBN 9780122063824)
  • A subset of Common Lisp with multi-processing extensions by Rodney Brooks and Charles Rosenberg

Ł̣ ( minuscule: ł̣) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from Ł with a diacritical dot below. It is or was used in some languages to represent various sounds.

  • In Iñupiaq, a Canadian Eskimo–Aleut language, it is used to represent the voiceless palatal lateral fricative. It is the eleventh letter of the alphabet and is sorted between ł and m.

Category:Specific letter-diacritic combinations

L (Ayumi Hamasaki EP)

L is the 50th single (51st overall) by Japanese singer-songwriter Ayumi Hamasaki, released on 29 September 2010. It is Hamasaki's last release from the three-part project to celebrate fifty singles. Its title, L, is the Roman numeral for fifty. All of the songs from the single EP were recorded in Los Angeles.

The single reached number 1, her 38th overall and 25th consecutive overall since " Free & Easy" on April 24, 2002. "L" has received an album certification for more than 100,000 copies shipped by the RIAJ, and the song "Virgin Road" has received a gold digital certification for paid downloads to cellphones.

L (French singer)

L is the stage name of Raphaële Lannadère, a French singer-songwriter, born 23 February 1981.

L (South Korean singer)

Kim Myung-soo, ( hangul: 김명수; hanja: 金明洙; born March 13, 1992) commonly known by his stage name L, is a South Korean singer and actor. He is a member of the boy band Infinite under Woollim Entertainment. He is also the main vocal of Infinite F.

L (The Caulfields album)

L is the second and last album released by alternative rock group The Caulfields. The album was released on CD April 22, 1997 via A&M Records.

L (Death Note)

, exclusively known by the mononym L, is a fictional character in the manga series Death Note, created by Tsugumi Ohba and Takeshi Obata. He is an eccentric genius and international private detective, reputed to be the world's greatest, who takes on cases that have stymied national governments and Interpol. He opposes the series' main character Light Yagami by trying to prove that Light is the mass-murderer called "Kira" who is attempting to create and rule a world "cleansed of evil" as its "God".

In the anime adaptation, he is voiced by Kappei Yamaguchi in Japanese, and by Alessandro Juliani in English. He is portrayed by Kenichi Matsuyama in the live-action film series, and Kento Yamazaki in the TV drama; his counterpart in the American film will be portrayed by Keith Stanfield. The character has been praised by several manga and anime reviewers.

L (Steve Hillage album)

L is the second studio album by British progressive rock musician Steve Hillage.

It was recorded primarily in New York, at the Secret Sound, Woodstock, N.Y., and was produced and engineered by Todd Rundgren, using musicians from Todd Rundgren's band Utopia and others.

According to liner notes supplied with the US pressing, Rundgren had only just become aware of Hillage, and following a letter from Hillage to Rundgren, and a reply from Rundgren, Hillage travelled to New York to meet, and the agreement to work together flowed from that.

The cover features a clean-shaven Hillage (most of the publicity shots of Hillage during the 1970s show him with a full beard) holding his guitar, brightly backlit.

Unusually for Hillage, half the songs on this album are covers. " Hurdy Gurdy Man" was written by Donovan, " Om Nama Shivaya" is based on a traditional Hindu mantra, and " It's All Too Much" was written by George Harrison, and originally appeared on the 1969 Beatles album, Yellow Submarine.

The original Virgin catalogue number for this album on vinyl was V2066. An American pressing was issued on Atlantic Records, catalogue number SD 18205.

In the Q & Mojo Classic Special Edition Pink Floyd & The Story of Prog Rock, the album came 28th in its list of "40 Cosmic Rock Albums".

L (film)

L (Learning) is a Greek movie produced in 2011, directed by Babis Makridis, written by Babis Makridis and Efthimis Filippou, based on an original idea by Yorgos Giokas. It is the first Greek movie selected to compete at the 2012 Sundance Film Festival (19–29 January 2012) where its international premiere will take place. The movie is also nominated to compete in the official Tiger Awards competition in the International Film Festival Rotterdam (25 January – 5 February 2012) where its European premiere will take place.The film was nominated for Best Script award at the Hellenic Film Academy Awards. A six-minute extract of the movie was first released at the Work Progress Section of the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, at the Czech Republic in July 2011. L is Makridis's first feature film. His short film The Last Fakir (2005) was awarded the Newcomer's Prize at the 2005 International Short Film Festival in Drama which takes place in Greece.

Usage examples of "l".

Vry and her other close friend, Amin Lim, were sitting with her, copying out a design.

Shay Tal remained where she was, facing the charge, and Vry and Amin lim clung to her in terror, hiding their faces.

She puts up with stupid people like Amin Lim because they pander to her haughtiness.

Amin Lim nearer to bestow a confidence and they put their heads together over the supine body of Shay Tal.

Looking at the austere contours of that loved face, Amin Lim thought she was watching someone facing death with composure.

Amin Lim had once gone into pauk herself, under guidance, the fright of seeing her father again had been enough for her.

She put her hand to her mouth looking from Shay Tal to Amin Lim and back.

Vry came frequently, often in the company of Amin Lim, who was carrying her newborn infant in her arms.

Amin Lim was there with her child, and Vry, and Laintal Ay with Oyre, and several other women beside.

Maysa Latra, Amin Lim, and two younger disciples, devout pupils of the academy.

Amin Lim leading, weeping silently, continued sedately along the path.

Given more time he might have been able to command greater support but Lim had arrived too soon.

His arrival had cracked it and now Lim threatened to shatter it with his demands.

Cyber Lim has warned he will destroy Zabul unless you are handed over to him.

An error Lim found unpleasing and he quested for reasons to account for it.