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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
kith and kin
next of kin
▪ May I have your name, address and next of kin, please?
▪ Because, they argued, the males in coalitions were almost always close relatives, kin selection enhanced the benefits of cooperation.
▪ Such a system, as he saw, minimized the differences which might otherwise be drawn between distant and close kin.
▪ Marriage with close kin is generally forbidden in most societies and so, commonly, is marriage with people of dissimilar culture.
▪ It may involve distant relatives or close kin.
▪ It was because most of the inhabitants of the island were close kin of one another.
▪ Zoologists can with greater justice call humans fish, since fish are far closer kin to humans than they are to lobsters.
▪ Mice, for example, excrete scents in their urine that enable females to avoid their close kin.
▪ Roberts's evidence suggests that there has been considerable variation historically in how far support structures extend to more distant kin.
▪ He was intent on educating me, this distant kin, and I was grateful.
▪ Such a system, as he saw, minimized the differences which might otherwise be drawn between distant and close kin.
▪ The most intriguing memorial in the church, however, is that of Edward Trelawney, distant kin of the battling bishop.
▪ The wider extended family of distant kin and friends may include some who have died, but who are present in memory.
▪ He is distant kin to Arundel himself.
▪ In relationships between siblings or between other kin, the two-way principle seems to be the foundation of support structures.
▪ This is true for relations with wider kin but is also the case for friendships.
▪ Marriage partners will feel obligations to their wider kin which may even transcend those they feel towards each other.
▪ Most of them suggest, however, that most members of families in Britain have some contact with their wider kin.
▪ More generally, there is a wider range of kin whom one is presumed to have some duty to assist.
▪ The larvae live in kin groups and are aposematic, while the adults disperse to live a solitary existence and are cryptic.
▪ Patterns of disruption and reconstitution of kin groups do seem very different now by comparison with the past.
▪ In summary, the evidence shows that the shape of kin groups is subject to very significant variation over the course of time.
▪ Man may well have spent large portions of the last several million years living in small kin groups.
▪ Usually, however, the day-to-day care of the elderly in particular, was a matter for the kin group.
▪ What are the consequences of these changes for the kin networks of the current generation of older people?
▪ They found that the people living on the estate did not have such intimate contact with their extended kin network.
▪ In-laws Relationships with in-laws form a special category of kin relationships.
▪ Did such calculations vary in different kin relationships, especially between kin who were closer or more distant in genealogical terms?
▪ Decisions may make reference to expectations and values concerning kin relationships that can only be assumed.
▪ A related misconception is that kin selection can operate only if an animal can recognize its degree of relationship to others.
▪ Because, they argued, the males in coalitions were almost always close relatives, kin selection enhanced the benefits of cooperation.
▪ If this were so, kin selection could operate only in species of high intelligence.
▪ The process by which such behaviour arises is often called kin selection.
▪ This observation, they believe, throws doubt on the importance of kin selection.
▪ In practice, the early stages probably require the operation of kin selection.
▪ The second misunderstanding concerns the ideas which must be present in an animal's mind if kin selection is to operate.
▪ Are the rather variable and unpredictable patterns of kin support, which I identified in chapter 1, of recent origin?
▪ The importance of this for understanding structures of kin support are important.
▪ How important is the exchange element in structuring kin support?
▪ The data produced by Timaeus suggest that kin support has a potential to increase rather than to decline.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Kin \Kin\ (k[i^]n), n. (Mus.) A primitive Chinese instrument of the cittern kind, with from five to twenty-five silken strings.


Kin \Kin\ (k[i^]n), n. Also Kine \Kine\ (k[imac]n). [Gr. kinei^n to move.] (Physics) The unit velocity in the C. G. S. system -- a velocity of one centimeter per second.


Kin \Kin\, a. Of the same nature or kind; kinder. ``Kin to the king.''


Kin \Kin\, n. [OE. kin, cun, AS. cynn kin, kind, race, people; akin to cennan to beget, D. kunne sex, OS. & OHG. kunni kin, race, Icel. kyn, Goth. kuni, G. & D. kind a child, L. genus kind, race, L. gignere to beget, Gr. gi`gnesqai to be born, Skr. jan to beget. [root]44. Cf. Kind, King, Gender kind, Nation.]

  1. Relationship, consanguinity, or affinity; connection by birth or marriage; kindred; near connection or alliance, as of those having common descent.

  2. Relatives; persons of the same family or race.

    The father, mother, and the kin beside.

    You are of kin, and so a friend to their persons.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1200, from Old English cynn "family; race; kind, sort, rank; nature; gender, sex," from Proto-Germanic *kunjam "family" (cognates: Old Frisian kenn, Old Saxon kunni, Old Norse kyn, Old High German chunni "kin, race;" Danish and Swedish kön, Middle Dutch, Dutch kunne "sex, gender;" Gothic kuni "family, race," Old Norse kundr "son," German Kind "child"), from PIE *gene- "to produce" (see genus).


Etymology 1 a. Related by blood or marriage, akin. Generally used in "kin to". n. 1 race; family; breed; kind. 2 (context collectively English) persons of the same race or family; kindred. 3 One or more relatives, such as siblings or cousins, taken collectively. 4 relationship; same-bloodedness or affinity; near connection or alliance, as of those having common descent. 5 Kind; sort; manner; way. Etymology 2

n. A primitive Chinese musical instrument of the cittern kind, with from five to twenty-five silken strings. Etymology 3

n. (alternative form of k'in English)


adj. related by blood [syn: akin(p), blood-related, cognate, consanguine, consanguineous, kin(p)]

  1. n. a person having kinship with another or others; "he's kin"; "he's family" [syn: kinsperson, family]

  2. group of people related by blood or marriage [syn: kin group, kinship group, kindred, clan, tribe]


Kin usually refers to kinship and family.

Kin or KIN may also refer to:

Kin (comics)

Kin is a 6 issues comic-book limited series created in 2000 by Gary Frank and published by Top Cow, an imprint of American company Image Comics. A secret government agency S.I.A. finds out that the neanderthals still exist hidden in Alaskan mountains and proceed to eliminate them in order to obtain their technology that developed differently from the rest of the world. A S.I.A. agent Trey McAloon confronts the organization about the issue while Alaskan Park Ranger Elizabeth Leaky finds establishes contact with one member of the neanderthals.

The mini-series had an open-ended final, with questions of another S.I.A. boss whose orders formed the operation unanswered as well as the fate of a tribe of neanderthals that were shifted to another S.I.A. base.

The series was collected in a trade paperback collection form subtitled "Descent of Man" with 6 new pages of story and art. It was also translated and published in France and Mexico.

KIN (gene)

DNA/RNA-binding protein KIN17 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KIN gene.

Kin (short story)

"Kin" is a science fiction short story written in 2006 by Bruce McAllister.

The story is about a small boy who hires a dreadful Antalou alien to kill the man responsible for his unborn sister's scheduled death.

"Kin" was nominated for the 2007 Hugo Award for Best Short Story.

Kin (iamamiwhoami album)

Kin (stylised as kin) is the audiovisual debut studio album by electronic music project iamamiwhoami, pseudonym of Swedish singer-songwriter Jonna Lee. It was released on 11 June 2012 on iamamiwhoami's label To whom it may concern., distributed by Cooperative Music, a group of independent labels. Formats include digital, CD, LP and DVD. The album's first track "sever" was released digitally on 15 February 2012, followed by the release of each of the album's tracks once every fortnight throughout the spring of 2012. The physical DVD of kin contains all the music videos which play together as a 45-minute film.

Kin (Xentrix album)

Kin is the third studio album by British thrash metal band Xentrix. It was released on March 27, 1992 and their second through Roadrunner Records. The album goes more into a progressive approach than their two previous albums and was considered by the band to be the biggest mistake during their career. The album was also a commercial failure. With a peak on the UK charts at #74, and also the last charting Xentrix album on the UK charts It was the last album with vocalist/guitarist Chris Astley until his return in 2006.

Kin (Pat Metheny album)

Kin (stylized as KIN ) is a studio album by American jazz guitarist Pat Metheny and his Unity Group, a newly expanded version of 2012's Unity Band; the lineup now features multi-instrumentalist Giulio Carmassi, along with featured saxophone soloist Chris Potter. Kin was released in February 2014 by Nonesuch Records. It was recorded in June 2013 at MSR Studios in New York.

KIN (KT Tunstall album)

KIN is the sixth studio album by Scottish singer-songwriter KT Tunstall. It will be released on 9 September 2016 worldwide. It is the follow-up to the folk-toned Invisible Empire // Crescent Moon, but the songs are more energtic and punchy than the last album, melancholic. It was preceded by the Golden State EP, which showcased one of the songs from the album " Evil Eye". The album is produced by Tony Hoffer in a studio in Los Angeles.

Usage examples of "kin".

For every hundred useless aberrations there may be one that is useful, that provides its bearer an advantage over its kin.

All experiments of any kin, upon other adults, whether patients or inmates of public institutions or otherwise, if made without direct ameliorative purpose and the intelligent personal consent of the person who is the MATERIAL for the research.

Theirs was an older version, gleaned from the Avion government by the remaining Kin sha, capable of training pilots under actual battle conditions without risk.

Someone had deliberately destroyed that shipment and purposely dishonored the Kin sha, Avion, and her father.

In this position, he could guarantee that Avion or the Kin sha never forgot their intolerable mistakes of the past.

Although the Kin sha were not native to Avion, they had been welcomed and promoted aggressively by the Central Consortium.

Evidently all the Bander kin from upstairs and down have come to fill it full, and every window of it has eyes on this stairway.

He wondered who it was, wondered why it travelled alone, bereft of clan and kin.

Figures ran past him amid a rising brabble of voices and the sudden scrap-metal clamor of edged metal striking its kin.

It was at that moment she realized that Riley Kin- caid was definitely unsafe.

Cashel had done the Serian merchant a service, and in return Latias treated Cashel and his companions as his own close kin.

Dorian stared at him in horrified disbelief, and Yasmini choked back her sobs: her brothers and other kin must be among the dead.

Aye, ah kin dae that awright, just thinkin aboot you fine ladies, ah laugh.

The human folk died off, and even their Elderling kin surrendered to slow death.

Sharamudoi were there, except those few who happened to be away: the Shamudoi, who lived on the land in the high embayment throughout the year, and their river-dwelling kin, the Ramudoi.