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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Jess \Jess\, n.; pl. Jesses. [OF. gies, giez, prop. pl. of giet, get, jet, F. jet, a throwing, jess. See Jet a shooting forth.] (falconry) A short strap of leather or silk secured round the leg of a hawk, to which the leash or line, wrapped round the falconer's hand, was attached when used. See Illust. of Falcon.

Like a hawk, which feeling freed From bells and jesses which did let her flight.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

leg-strap used in hawking and falconry, mid-14c., from Old French jes "straps fastened round the legs of a falcon," plural of jet, literally "cast, throw," from Latin iactus "a throw, cast," from iacere (see jet (v.)). Related: Jesses.\n


Etymology 1 n. (context falconry English) A short strap fastened around the leg of a bird used in falconry, to which a leash may be fastened. vb. (context falconry English) To fasten a strap around the leg of a hawk. Etymology 2

n. 1 A compact coal-like, velvet-black mineral, with a polish making it fit for use in jewelry. 2 A very dark, velvety black shade.

Jess (programming language)

Jess is a rule engine for the Java platform that was developed by Ernest Friedman-Hill of Sandia National Labs. It is a superset of the CLIPS programming language. It was first written in late 1995. The language provides rule-based programming for the automation of an expert system, and is frequently termed as an expert system shell. In recent years, intelligent agent systems have also developed, which depend on a similar capability.

Rather than a procedural paradigm, where a single program has a loop that is activated only one time, the declarative paradigm used by Jess continuously applies a collection of rules to a collection of facts by a process called pattern matching. Rules can modify the collection of facts, or they can execute any Java code.

The Jess rules engine utilizes the Rete algorithm, and can be utilized to create:

  • Java servlets
  • Enterprise JavaBeans
  • Applets

Jess may refer to:

Jess (falconry)

A jess (plural "jesses") is a thin strap, traditionally made from leather, used to tether a hawk or falcon in falconry. Jesses allow a falconer to keep control of a bird while it is on the glove or in training, and allow a bird to be secured on a perch outside its aviary.

Jess (Misfits)

Jess is a fictional character from the British Channel 4 science fiction comedy-drama Misfits, portrayed by Karla Crome. Jess was created to replace Antonia Thomas and Iwan Rheon, who played Alisha Daniels and Simon Bellamy, after they departed the show. Jess began appearing from series 4 episode 1, in which she was introduced alongside Finn (Nathan McMullen). Jess has the power of X-ray vision, which is down to her ability to "see through people and their bullshit". Jess is described as "the person who will say the un-sayable, the person who’ll question social norms and etiquette". Neela Debnath of the The Independent said that "Jess comes across as the more likeable and ‘conventional’ social miscreant" out of the new introductions of the show. Morgan Jeffrey of Digital Spy felt Crome made "a strong first impression" while Jordan Farley of SFX said Jess has her "moments to shine" but that she "fails to make a big impression". Writing for MSN, Simon Cocks said Jess and Finn "fit into the dynamic perfectly".

Jess (novel)

Jess is a novel by H. Rider Haggard set in South Africa.

Usage examples of "jess".

True to form, Jess Dibble had been by with the snow plow, and the walking was easier.

Herb Schultz, and of Lena Lemm, Carl Nelson, and Jess Dibble across the road.

With a sudden, furious motion, he cast off the gerfalcon, the leash slipping through the jesses.

Jess had told her there was only one entrance into the rancheria, that this sheltered valley in the mountains was the favored stronghold of Cochise.

There was a commotion at the entrance of the rancheria and Matilda glanced up at Jess, wondering what was going on.

Wraith saw a hard-faced older boy coming toward the pantry where he and Solander picked out supplies for him, Smoke, and Jess.

Solander turned twenty, and that Wraith, still known by all but Solander, Jess, and Velyn as Gellas, guessed that he must have turned nineteen or twenty, the household took itself down to the cool blue depths of the summerhouse yet again, down to the world of perpetual twilight where the sun was merely a promise of light that lay, painted and flat and dull, on the top of the blue-black liquid sky.

Crazy Horse lit his pipe and after offering it to Mother Earth and Wakan Tanka and the four directions, he handed it to Jess.

Jess nicknamed him the Vilderbeeste, from his likeness to that ferocious-looking and hairy animal.

Jess climbed back into the cart, making no reply, and they started on, the Vilderbeeste looking more savage and unhuman than ever with the discoloured handkerchief round his head, and his dense black beard and hair mattered with gore which he would not take the trouble to wash out of them.

If Lenny had actually killed Ginny, then Lori Wedder, who had managed to fall off the radar between the time Ginny vanished and the time Jess became a cop and started looking on her own, was lying.

When she had been a teenager, she and the rest of the family had always thought of Bret as simply the finest quarterback in the history of Southern college football, but Jess had long since dismissed that as family prejudice.

Between Ozzie and the mastiff, Jess could pretend she was too busy to be embarrassed about that kiss.

 Not long ago, on the first sterile sea planet where Jess had distributed the living water beings, there had not been even the rudiments of monocellular life.

The sky was a serene blue, the green land rich and rolling beneath him--and the paravane was sound and responsive, thanks to his work on it over the past seven days since he and Jess had found the machine, abandoned outside the city-ruins.