Jarošov is a village and municipality ( obec) in Svitavy District in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic.
The municipality covers an area of , and has a population of 186 (as at 3 July 2006).
Jarošov lies approximately west of Svitavy, south-east of Pardubice, and east of Prague.
Jarošov is the name of several locations in the Czech Republic:
- Jarošov (Svitavy District), a village in the Pardubice Region
- Jarošov nad Nežárkou, a village in the South Bohemian Region
- Jarošov (Uherské Hradiště), a part of Uherské Hradiště in Moravian Slovakia