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Isis \I"sis\, n. [L., the goddess Isis, fr. Gr. ?.]

  1. (Myth.) The principal goddess worshiped by the Egyptians. She was regarded as the mother of Horus, and the sister and wife of Osiris. The Egyptians adored her as the goddess of fecundity, and as the great benefactress of their country, who instructed their ancestors in the art of agriculture.

  2. (Zo["o]l.) Any coral of the genus Isis, or family Isid[ae], composed of joints of white, stony coral, alternating with flexible, horny joints. See Gorgoniacea.

  3. (Astron.) One of the asteroids.


n. (context zoology English) Any coral of the genus (taxlink Isis genus nomul=1 noshow=1), or family ''(taxlink Isidae family noshow=1)'', composed of joints of white, stony coral, alternating with flexible, horny joints.


Isis (; ; original Egyptian pronunciation more likely "Aset" or "Iset") is a goddess from the polytheistic pantheon of Egypt. She was first worshiped in Ancient Egyptian religion, and later her worship spread throughout the Roman Empire and the greater Greco-Roman world. Isis is still widely worshiped by many pagans today in diverse religious contexts; including a number of distinct pagan religions, the modern Goddess movement, and interfaith organizations such as the Fellowship of Isis.

Isis was worshipped as the ideal mother and wife as well as the patroness of nature and magic. She was the friend of slaves, sinners, artisans and the downtrodden, but she also listened to the prayers of the wealthy, maidens, aristocrats and rulers. Isis is often depicted as the mother of Horus, the falcon-headed deity associated with king and kingship (although in some traditions Horus's mother was Hathor). Isis is also known as protector of the dead and goddess of children.

The name Isis means "Throne". Her headdress is a throne. As the personification of the throne, she was an important representation of the pharaoh's power. The pharaoh was depicted as her child, who sat on the throne she provided. Her cult was popular throughout Egypt, but her most important temples were at Behbeit El-Hagar in the Nile delta, and, beginning in the reign with Nectanebo I (380–362 BCE), on the island of Philae in Upper Egypt.

In the typical form of her myth, Isis was the first daughter of Geb, god of the Earth, and Nut, goddess of the Sky, and she was born on the fourth intercalary day. She married her brother, Osiris, and she conceived Horus with him. Isis was instrumental in the resurrection of Osiris when he was murdered by Set. Using her magical skills, she restored his body to life after having gathered the body parts that had been strewn about the earth by Set.

This myth became very important during the Greco-Roman period. For example, it was believed that the Nile River flooded every year because of the tears of sorrow which Isis wept for Osiris. Osiris's death and rebirth was relived each year through rituals. The worship of Isis eventually spread throughout the Greco-Roman world, continuing until the suppression of paganism in the Christian era. The popular motif of Isis suckling her son Horus, however, lived on in a Christianized context as the popular image of Mary suckling her infant son Jesus from the fifth century onward.

Isis (disambiguation)

Isis is a goddess from the polytheistic pantheon of Egypt.

Isis or ISIS may also refer to:

Isis (band)

Isis (sometimes stylized ISIS) was an American post-metal band founded in Boston, Massachusetts in 1997 but later based in Los Angeles, California. They borrowed from and helped to evolve a sound pioneered by bands such as Neurosis and Godflesh. This sound, influenced by heavy music, consists of lengthy songs focusing on repetition and evolution of structure. Isis's last studio album, Wavering Radiant, was released on 5 May 2009. They disbanded in June 2010, just before the release of a split EP with the Melvins.

Isis (journal)

Isis, a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by University of Chicago Press, focuses on the history of science, history of medicine, and the history of technology, as well as on their cultural influences. It features both original research articles and extensive book reviews and review essays.

Isis (song)

"Isis" is a ballad written by Bob Dylan in collaboration with Jacques Levy, in July 1975. The song is the second track on the Bob Dylan album Desire.

Isis (comics)

Isis, in comics, may refer to:

  • Isis (DC Comics), a comic book character originally featured in the TV show The Secret of Isis
  • Isis (cat), a cat owned by supervillainess Catwoman that featured in Batman: The Animated Series and Krypto the Superdog
  • Isis (Bluewater Comics), superhero created by Angel Gate Press and Image Comics
  • Isis (Marvel Comics), an Egyptian goddess in the Marvel Universe
Isis (Lully)

Isis is a French opera ( tragédie en musique) in a prologue and five acts with music by Jean-Baptiste Lully and a libretto by Philippe Quinault, based on Ovid's Metamorphoses. The fifth of Lully's collaborations with Quinault, it was first performed on 5 January 1677 before the royal court of Louis XIV at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye and in August received a run of public performances at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal. It was Lully's first published score (partbooks in 1677); a full score was published in 1719.

Isis (DC Comics)

Isis is a DC Comics superhero, as well as a separate Egyptian goddess also living in the DC Universe. The recent superhero character is modeled closely after the main character of The Secrets of Isis, a live-action American Saturday morning television program that served as the second half of The Shazam!/Isis Hour. The television character appeared in several late 1970s DC Comics publications. The more recent superhero character was introduced into the DC Universe in 2006 as a female counterpart to the character Black Adam, a part of the Shazam! family of characters. The Egyptian goddess character has been depicted within the Wonder Woman comic book.

ISIS (satellite)

ISIS 1 and 2 ("International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies") were the third and fourth satellites that were launched in a series of Canadian satellites sent up to study the ionosphere. After the success of Canada's Alouette 1, Canada and the United States decided to jointly launch three more satellites which they called the ISIS program. The first of the three was named Alouette 2 (after originally being named ISIS-X). As was the case for the Alouette satellites, RCA Victor of Montreal was the prime contractor for both ISIS 1 and 2.

There was a final satellite scheduled for construction, but when the government's focus shifted towards communications satellites, it was cancelled in 1969.

Isis (rapper)

Lin Que (born Lin Que Ayoung 7 September 1969) is a female hip-hop artist. She graduated from Cathedral High School in Manhattan in 1987. She was a member of the hip-hop collective known as the Blackwatch Movement (which included X Clan) as Isis. She released her debut album Rebel Soul while affiliated with that group in 1990. On, Andy Kellman Rovi believed that since Professor X took the mic after almost every verse, it was an X-Clan album in every sense but the name. According to an AllMusic Review by Alex Henderson, Isis "showed a lot of potential on Rebel Soul, which proves that her rapping skills were strong and that her technique was excellent."

Lin Que left X-Clan to work with MC Lyte. No longer Isis, she rhymed as Lin Que and released a couple of singles for SME Records and Elektra Records. She eventually went into A&R work and graphic design, and she appeared briefly in Spike Lee's He Got Game and Ted Demme's Who's the Man?

She collaborated with various artists such as Will Downing, Mary J. Blige, Queen Latifah, MC Lyte, Steele of Smif-N-Wessun, The Beatnuts, Monifah, Ce Ce Peniston, Joi Cardwell, and more.

She had a brief stint as a member of the Wu-Tang Clan-affiliated group Deadly Venoms. In Billboard Magazine Vol. 110, No. 8, the all female group planned "to function as a female collective independent of any male overseers." After leaving the group for business reasons shortly after its debut album was recorded and never released, she remained writing and creating music with producers Sugar Al Cayne, Azteknique, and Ayatollah. She has written for MC Lyte and has been producing music as well.

Lin Que released an album titled GODspeed in 2007.

In 2011, Lin Que decided to go back to college. She majored in Film at Hunter College. At Hunter, she became a two time winner of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts New York Scholarship. In the Fall of 2015, Lin Que was accepted into the NYU Tisch School of the Arts Graduate Film Program. She is currently studying Film Production with a concentration in Writing & Directing.

Isis (Australian band)

Isis was an independent, feminist rock band from Brisbane, Australia, together from 1991 to 1998. During their time together, the band became relatively well-known within the Brisbane music scene. The band was founded by Lucinda Shaw and Toni Lawson, joined by Rowena Pizzey. Their first self-titled album also had input from Shaw's brother Wendall Shaw.

Brett Collery and James Lees joined for the band's second album "Ooze" (released in 1995). In 1996, the band released a third CD "Missionary And Other Positions" and in 1997 they went on a national tour.

At the start of 1998 the members wanted to pursue other projects and the band broke up. They did a farewell show on Valentine's Day at The Zoo in Brisbane.

The band members all went on to several other projects, Collery to Gotacola and then into the world of theatre sound design and composition, Lawson and Pizzey went on to collaborate on a short-lived project Snatch and then formed acoustic act Precious Lazy Day. Shaw founded experimental group Shugafix (later called Silver Circus) and Lees helped form Saturn South with Collery.

The band reformed by invitation in 2000 for 4ZZZ's 25th birthday, doing two shows. ISIS also made brief appearances at special events at renowned venue The Zoo in 2002 and in 2004.

In 2006, Pizzey returned to live performance with a new version of Precious Lazy Day. Lees and Shaw started collaborating on new material in 2007 under the (slightly renamed) moniker Silver Sircus and released two EP's in 2008 and an album in 2012.

The band reformed briefly in December 2012 to perform a 20 minute set, by invitation, at The Zoo to celebrate the venue's 20th Birthday along with fellow Brisbane artists including Katie & Tyrone Noonan, Regurgitator, Toothfaeries, Fabulous Nobodies, Paddy Dempsey, Tylea and Danny Widdicombe.

Isis (ship)
Isis (horn-rock band)

Isis was an all-female horn rock band from New York. They took their name from the Egyptian goddess Isis, and were an early example of professional women in rock music in the 1970s.

Isis (genus)

Isis is a genus of deep-sea bamboo coral of the Isididae family.

Isis (given name)

Isis is a female first name.

From 2014, the name Isis has fallen in the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand due to the name now commonly affiliated with the Islamic terrorist organization Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. Since then, there have been name changes made by women with the name.

Isis (Bluewater Comics)

Isis is an American comic book character based on the goddess of the same name from Ancient Egyptian religion. Originally published by Image Comics, she has since been moved to her creator Darren G. Davis's publication of Bluewater Productions.

Originally published in February 2002 in a one-shot issue by Image Comics, Isis later appeared in The 10th Muse #10 and The Odyssey #1 - both by Tidal Wave Studios and Avatar Press. In 2005 Isis would return in her own ongoing, monthly series, The Legend of Isis at Alias Enterprises by creator Darren G. Davis and writer Ryan Scott Ottney, before the last move to Bluewater.

Although some artistic depictions of the character, such as that shown in the comic illustration at right, make her resemble the DC Comics superhero and TV character of the same name, the Image/Bluewater version has no connection.

ISIS (operating system)

Not to be confused with Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, commonly abbreviated as "ISIS"

ISIS (Intel System Implementation Supervisor) is an Operating System, created by Intel for their Intel Microprocessor Development System around 1976, and adopted as ISIS-II for systems with floppy drives. Communication with the user is terminal-like. Its user interface is somewhat CP/M-like, even from the program interface point of view; communication with the kernel is this way (e.g., for file opening, the program sends the name of file and gets back a handle). Each device has a name, which is entered between a pair of colons (:F0: and :F1: are floppies, :LP: is printer, etc.). Each diskette has one directory and no subdirectories. ISIS-II has been distributed as part of the Intel Microprocessor Development System and includes standard operating system commands (copy, delete, dir, rename, format) and debugging software (assembler, linker and debugger for external debugging in developed device). There are two editors, one of which, AEDIT, contains editing macros support. File editing is provided directly on diskette (a .BAK file is always created). The other editor is CREDIT.

ISIS-II needed at least 32 kilobytes of RAM, the 8080/8085 CPU maximum address space was 64 kilobytes. In the MDS-800 and Series-II, the Monitor occupied 0F800H to 0FFFFH. Floppy disk format was 8-inch single-sided, 250 kB single-sided, single-density FM, or 500 kB single-sided, double-density MMFM. But totally incompatible with anything else in the world. ISIS-PDS was also software and media incompatible and unique, it came on 720KB DSDD 5¼ inch floppies with the Intel personal development system (iPDS-100). The ISIS-IV Operating system was another incompatible (even with other Intel development systems) that ran on the iMDX-430 Series-IV Network Development System-II.

Intel ASM80, ASM86, ASM48, ASM51, PLM-80, BASIC-80, COBOL-80, FORTRAN-80, were all available for ISIS-II. Several Websites including BitSavers has extensive archives of Intel ISIS-MDS software and User Manuals.

Usage examples of "isis".

Greek shrine in Delphi, gold caducei wands, hundreds of Tjet ankhs resembling small standing angels, sistrum rattles used in ancient Egypt to dispel evil spirits, and an astonishing array of statues depicting Horus being nursed by the goddess Isis.

Isis was pretty much as Harking expected: mid-thirties, dark blonde, still petite but with a figure that time and gravity were starting to pull at.

Roberta hollered to Isis, before plunging into the throng of stunned researchers.

Isis, Sirius or the dog star, whose course in the time of the Pharaohs coincided with the exact Solar year, and served at a very early date as a foundation for the reckoning of time among the Egyptians.

Hearing strangers approaching from several corridors away, Isis used one of the servos to transport both Kaur and her guards into the nearest empty storeroom.

Isis handed the pair of servos over to Seven, who obligingly returned one of them to Roberta.

And the greatest desire that I had there, was daily to make my praiers to the soveraigne goddesse Isis, who by reason of the place where her temple was builded, was called Campensis, and continually adored of the people of Rome.

I partly reasoned with my selfe, and partly examining the thing with the Priests and Bishops, there came a new and marvailous thought in my mind, that is to say, I was onely religious to the goddesse Isis, but not sacred to the religion of great Osiris the soveraigne father of all the goddesses, between whom, although there was a religious unitie and concord, yet there was a great difference of order and ceremony.

Isis had virtually disappeared from view, buried beneath a crowd of excited toddlers jostling each other for the privilege of petting their feline visitor.

In the moonlight on the banks of the Nile by the Temple of Isis, Alanna Brooks began to sing an exquisite lament.

On lower tables to either side were large unlit candles and statuettes of many of the Egyptian gods: queenly Isis, whip-wielding Osiris, jackal-jawed Anubis and cat-headed Bast herself.

Then of course the mysteries of Isis, Mithra, Morpheus, Samothrace, and Eleusis, and the natural mysteries of the male sex, phallus, Wood of Life, Key of Science, Baphomet, mallet, then the natural mysteries of the female sex, Ceres, Cteis, Patera, Cybele, Astarte.

Doctor Isis Tudor, his own Terra-born daughter and now Councilor for Biosciences, glanced at her ex-mutineer assistant with a sort of resigned desperation.

Not only did Saunière have a personal passion for relics relating to fertility, goddess cults, Wicca, and the sacred feminine, but during his twenty-year tenure as curator, Saunière had helped the Louvre amass the largest collection of goddess art on earth—labrys axes from the priestesses' oldest Greek shrine in Delphi, gold caducei wands, hundreds of Tjet ankhs resembling small standing angels, sistrum rattles used in ancient Egypt to dispel evil spirits, and an astonishing array of statues depicting Horus being nursed by the goddess Isis.

I recognized the standard mortuary formula, addressed to the God of the Dead: "Invocation to Osiris, Lord of Busiris, et cetera, et cetera, by the Chantress of Isis, Henutmehit .