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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a sound investment
▪ Property is usually a sound investment.
an investment boom
▪ the investment boom of the past few years
an investment fund (=for buying shares, property, etc in order to make a profit)
▪ The building is currently owned by Argo Partnership, a Toronto-based investment fund.
an investment/merchant bank (=one that buys and sells stocks and shares etc)
▪ Goldman Sachs, the US investment bank
ethical investment (=investing only in businesses that are considered morally acceptable)
ethical investment policies
foreign investment/trade etc
▪ Foreign competition provides consumers with a greater variety of goods.
▪ our budget for foreign aid financial help to countries in need
▪ the Chinese Foreign Minister
investment bank
investment club
▪ O'Hara belongs to an investment club in Detroit.
investment income (=income from investments)
▪ You will be taxed on your investment income.
investment/financial/business analyst
▪ Cleary has been working as a computer analyst in Winchester.
inward investment
long-term loan/investment
▪ The ecological market determines when plants and animals should make the biggest investment of all: to reproduce.
▪ For refiners, it required a big capital investment in new equipment.
▪ The big surge in investment has been possible only because of the liberalisation policies pursued by the Government.
▪ What also backfired were big investments in pitchers Sean Bergman and Fernando Valenzuela.
▪ Under the country's voucher-privatisation system, the majority of the company's shares were acquired by seven big investment funds.
▪ It represents the biggest single investment made in the country since New Delhi began free-market reforms in July 1991.
▪ Smith Barney still lags its six biggest rivals in investment banking -- Merrill Lynch&038;.
▪ This is 15 percent of all capital investment and double the figure five years ago.
▪ The ideal situation would be to recover the capital investment and the production costs and still make a reasonable profit.
▪ The railways stimulated capital investment, entrepreneurial adventure, and the money market.
▪ Deductions for capital investments in new equipment and facilities would be immediate, instead of spread out over time.
▪ He also listed the capital investments that have been made to improve health care in his constituency.
▪ Mr Kobrick said semiconductor stocks are especially risky because chip production requires heavy capital investment.
▪ The state networks received more capital investment.
▪ Major capital investments are being made to build an ReD infrastructure in these industries.
▪ Katherine Garrett-Cox became chief investment officer at Aberdeen Asset Management only last month.
▪ Both offer a choice of direct equity investment and unit trust investment up to the maximum £2,400.
▪ He pointed to a lag in technology as a factor against such direct investment.
▪ They became less willing to transfer capital to the most troubled borrowers by the conventional means of foreign direct investment.
▪ In the 1990s such investment has grown more quickly than direct investment.
▪ In principle, direct investment brings with it better management, improved technology, and marketing expertise.
▪ Contractual undertakings on environmental protection should be included in privatisation programmes and other foreign investment projects.
▪ Total direct foreign investment grew to $ 2 billion in 1995 from about $ 1 billion in 1994.
▪ This reduces the magnitude of local value added, a key measure of the benefit of foreign investment.
▪ Brokers said they see an even bigger trading year for 1996 as foreign investment rises.
▪ Articles were amended to encourage the development of the private sector and increased foreign investment.
▪ He and other analysts figure that formation of a stable government would draw in more foreign investment, buoying the market.
▪ Domestic and foreign investment would be treated equally.
▪ Nor had large foreign investments, promised by the pragmatists, materialized.
▪ Is not that the best investment that we can make in the long-term future for that troubled area?
▪ A good investment, it seems, but a tough one for accountants to grapple with.
▪ With regard to second-hand values, a good pipe organ is a better investment than an electronic instrument.
▪ Hank told me this car was a good investment.
▪ In popular mythology, gold is regarded as a good investment.
▪ A detour to disaster can come disguised as a good business investment.
▪ Dividend increases can mean any of the following: 1. Good investment prospects.
▪ But I believe I made the best investment any of us can make.
▪ As he said, inward investment is one of the great success stories of the last decade.
▪ How can one expect inward investment when no assistance is given to our existing industries?
▪ Ten years ago only 6 percent. of inward investment went to the west midlands.
▪ It means more doubtful inward investment.
▪ Now 24 percent. of inward investment goes to the west midlands.
▪ In the north-west, we will continue to encourage domestic and inward investment and we will not discriminate against it.
▪ Everyone in the House must want further inward investment and the development that comes with it.
▪ I know that he appreciates the importance of infrastructure improvements to stimulate and encourage inward investment.
▪ Meanwhile we're impatient for a larger return on investment.
▪ Rules numbered in the thousands, requiring a large investment in experts' time, rule development, and rule maintenance.
▪ All of that will be possible by large investment by the Dubai Government.
▪ Taken altogether, that was not a large investment.
▪ Similarly large investments are also necessary in electricity generation.
▪ If we succeed in this goal, the large investment we have made in time and energy will all have been worthwhile.
▪ We now have the largest investment programme of capital investment in the national health service that we have ever had.
▪ The Military Assistance Program of 1949 was, obviously, only a small down payment on a large long-term investment.
▪ Electrification continued apace during the decade with the major investment on the East Coast main line and in East Anglia.
▪ Do major infrastructure investments count as current expenditures?
▪ These companies and others, such as the Sun Fire Office, through their accumulated resources became major sources of investment.
▪ It would have required a major financial investment, with some risk, that few companies would be willing to make.
▪ Production values are extremely high and many of the discs include major investments in cartoon animation and stills photography.
▪ In many of the large public sector industries, major investments in ReD are a relatively new phenomenon.
▪ The second major influence on investment demand is age.
▪ All major investment projects under construction or planned would be reconsidered in the light of possible risks to the environment.
▪ But Earl Shilton would have insisted on a minimum £1,000 investment for non-locals.
▪ Janus also raised its minimum investment for individual retirement accounts to $ 500 from $ 250.
▪ The minimum investment is £100, with a maximum of £20,000.
▪ There is no minimum investment and switching is available at no dealing cost.
▪ The minimum investment in these accounts is often as low as £2,500-sometimes even less.
▪ Taylor-Young Investment Management accepts minimum investments of £50,000 for its unit and investment trust service and £100,000 for a wider portfolio.
▪ The minimum investment is set at £500 with an initial charge of 5 percent plus an annual fee of 1 percent.
▪ Both require a minimum investment of £1, give instant access and include gifts.
▪ In the 1980s the Chancellor reduced the rate of corporation tax companies paid but also reduced the allowances on new investment.
▪ Fidelity Investments is hoping to cash in on some of this traffic by offering three new unit investment trusts.
▪ The proceeds from the disposals will be used to reduce Group borrowings and support new investment.
▪ Co., a New York investment firm.
▪ Most managers have not viewed these new areas of investment with great enthusiasm.
▪ It also hired 16 new investment companies.
▪ In addition security and replacement costs restricted operations and new investment.
▪ This was not really so bad. Private investment had been what governments had been doing anyway.
▪ The key to making it work, however, remains private investment.
▪ I have continued to put in personal investment and I have private sector investment too.
▪ It sought to use federal resources and authority to support private investments that would contribute to local economic development.
▪ In essence I proposed that rather than having public investment we should substitute private investment without any Government guarantee.
▪ Indeed, for many municipalities a concern with cost containment and with stimulating private investment became a practical necessity.
▪ I was not alone in wanting to get private investment into public-sector industries.
▪ A series of measures-such as' Competition Credit Controlwere introduced to encourage investment and reduce regulatory controls on private sector investment decisions.
▪ Within six months we will review the roads programme and mobilise private capital for large-scale public transport investment.
▪ The relationship between public investment and private development is important in considering how a canal would be financed.
▪ Increased public investment is essential to economic recovery.
▪ But there still remained immensely powerful ministers who led the fight for increased public investment and spending measures to cut unemployment.
▪ An attempt to observe whether or not public investment leverages private investment has therefore been inconclusive.
▪ They suggested a public investment programme which could be planned ahead to counteract the fall in private investment during a slump.
▪ This is a totally new approach to public investment.
▪ It asks whether there is any clear spatial relationship between need and public investment.
▪ And, given that an average presentation may require 20 to 30 of these, that represents a substantial investment.
▪ Rather, Siemens is convinced that it can profit directly from even substantial investments in youth.
▪ They cost a great amount of money and represent substantial investments to the organizations or people sponsoring them.
▪ Business made a substantial investment in the Republican Party in the recent election.
▪ However, the carousels are a substantial capital investment.
▪ The aim, therefore, was to attract substantial foreign investment.
▪ The Government have made a substantial investment towards the cost of improving the A4059 at Aberdare and Abercynon.
▪ They were shown results of the substantial capital investment programme.
▪ You could end up losing your total investment.
▪ Their total investment had been about one thousand dollars.
▪ His team went further in hoping that only a quarter of total investment would remain in private hands.
▪ No more than 10 percent of total investment to be tied up in any one company. 2.
▪ Holdings of unlisted shares must not account for more than 15 percent of total investment.
▪ The agreement includes a $ 4.4 million equity stake that raises Verio's total financial investment in NorthPoint to $ 10.0 million.
▪ After studying accountancy at Chicago University, he worked on and off as an investment analyst.
▪ That is an opportunity cost just like investment analysts view opportunity costs.
▪ Unusually, he is not an investment analyst, but a former history teacher.
▪ Henry Kaufman, the economist and investment analyst, might be expected to welcome the trend.
▪ Mr Stefan Abrams, an investment analyst at Kidder Peabody, thinks earnings will start rising again in the second quarter.
▪ The balance sheet that would be most useful to an investment analyst would be the market value balance sheet.
▪ In the bottom-up approach, investment analysts produce earnings forecasts on the basis of detailed research into the firm's activities.
▪ Companies had long been the domain of commercial bankers and the corporate finance and equity departments of investment banks.
▪ Fortunately, the investment banks have managed to gain control of the dividends of only big and new companies.
▪ But Kleinwort Benson, an investment bank, has done a spot of detective work.
▪ Anne Heche plays Alex, a beautiful woman who works in a disreputable investment bank.
▪ However, a variety of other devices for similar purposes were also being developed, notably the investment bank or banque d'affaires.
▪ Meanwhile, the corporate-finance deals that had been generating big bucks for Wall Street's investment bankers were starting to dry up.
▪ Last year, it retained investment bankers and disclosed it was considering an initial public offering of stock.
▪ The idea, cooked up by investment bankers, is to split into two new entities.
▪ It was a headhunter who found Sir John Riddell, a successful investment banker in his early fifties.
▪ In most cases the trustee is a commercial bank or investment banker.
▪ After all, their brokers and investment bankers win business by being optimists, not pessimists.
▪ Imagine if Wolfe had written a novel in which an investment banker runs over a middle-aged steelworker.
▪ Offshore investment business still relies on a large number of insurance products, some of which are complicated arrangements.
▪ But also, I had dreamed of having my own investment business for at least a decade.
▪ Members working in the reserved areas of audit, investment business and insolvency.
▪ Under consideration are transactions entered into in the course of carrying on unauthorised investment business.
▪ Full employee ownership of shares is an unsettling prospect for those in the investment business.
▪ Section 4 makes it an offence to carry on investment business in contravention of section 3.
▪ A major review was undertaken of the Society's regulatory functions including practising certificates, accountant's reports and investment business certificates.
▪ The Solicitors' Investment Business Rules apply to multi-national practices with investment business certificates.
▪ Newco will usually be acquiring a trade and will therefore be a trading company rather than an investment company from the outset.
▪ It also hired 16 new investment companies.
▪ The Group also holds an interest in an associate, Methodplan Limited, a finance and investment Company.
▪ The practice allows the investment companies to show what they are doing with their customers' money.
▪ The returns from the two investment decisions are equal; hence we may write, this reduces to, hence,.
▪ Impact of investment decisions on science and technology takes a relatively long time to show up.
▪ Connolly likes the manager's size and research facilities, which help it to make better investment decisions.
▪ But a low capital-gains rate leads to investment decisions based on expectations of tax avoidance rather than productive efficiency.
▪ This can have a marked effect on any investment decision.
▪ A series of measures-such as' Competition Credit Controlwere introduced to encourage investment and reduce regulatory controls on private sector investment decisions.
▪ Moreover, regulators will not help you if your losses are a result of a poor or unlucky investment decision.
▪ We can now see how pricing and investment decisions are interconnected.
▪ Substantial numbers of actuaries are also employed in specialist investment firms, in industry, in Government service and in general insurance.
▪ Partners, a Los Angeles-based investment firm, for $ 225 million in cash.
▪ Isaly, a New York investment firm.
▪ An investment firm wins the bond award by bidding the lowest interest rate to the county.
▪ As the old legal barriers fell, many investment firms became more like banks.
▪ The new owner is an international investment firm.
▪ They moved back and forth between government, law and investment firms, and the foundations.
▪ Although the under-18s can not trade shares themselves, adults can buy stakes in collective investment funds on their behalf.
▪ Island authorities are keen to take advantage of their position as a self-governing Crown protectorate to attract offshore investment funds.
▪ Proponents argued that bonds represented the only source of investment funds for many small companies.
▪ The use of linear programming as an aid to decision making when allocating scarce investment funds has been widely advocated.
▪ Even insider-trading accusations against brokerages and managers of investment funds haven't hurt stocks' appeal.
▪ In a competitive environment, Bristol is already well-positioned to attract new investment funds.
▪ The vouchers may be pooled in investment funds or exchanged for shares in privatized firms.
▪ Sun Fire around 1800 had an investment income of £30,000 perannum compared with underwriting profits of £12,000.
▪ It is deductible only to the extent that you earn investment income.
▪ About a third of these costs are met by the Church Commissioners, who generated investment income of £140.8 million in 1989.
▪ Individuals would not pay taxes on interest or investment income, and businesses could not deduct the cost of fringe benefits.
▪ The remainder will be treated as investment income, which is liable to tax.
▪ At that depressing time, you would not want your investment income to fall as well.
▪ A flat tax, which eliminated tax on investment income, might.
▪ His plan would tax interest and other investment income at the same 16 percent.
▪ Katherine Garrett-Cox became chief investment officer at Aberdeen Asset Management only last month.
▪ You should, therefore, act now to take advantage of a unique investment opportunity.
▪ So why would Amencans look across their borders for investment opportunities?
▪ As interest rates continue to fall around the world, bonds could well prove to be the investment opportunity of the 1990s.
▪ This isn't just another investment opportunity for me, you see, Miss Williams.
▪ Every time he speaks to a colleague, a team-member or a customer, he is seizing an investment opportunity.
▪ Superb investment opportunity for the future.
▪ Volkswagen has seized an investment opportunity by buying Skoda, and other Western car manufacturers are setting up Western-style dealerships.
▪ The enormous investment programme is precisely what makes the industry exciting to City investors, since it underpins rising revenues.
▪ The studies would be followed by an investment programme, estimated at some dollars 500,000,000.
▪ The capital increase is to help speed the investment programme and to achieve Olivetti's growth targets.
▪ Will he now start an emergency investment programme?
▪ Alongside a programme of raising skill levels is the need to dovetail an investment programme.
▪ We now have the largest investment programme of capital investment in the national health service that we have ever had.
▪ Will the Treasury guarantee the long term investment programme and not require an eight percent return from Railtrack on such investment?
▪ In addition, in order to fund the water industry's capital investment programme, a complex system of price regulation was announced.
▪ As this century has advanced, so investment trusts have developed to embrace more direct investment in the shares of other companies.
▪ Fidelity Investments is hoping to cash in on some of this traffic by offering three new unit investment trusts.
▪ As Fig. 4.4 shows, the assets of investment trusts are overwhelmingly company securities; there are very few government securities.
▪ Until 1984 the only way to buy shares in investment trusts was through a stockbroker.
▪ Taylor-Young Investment Management accepts minimum investments of £50,000 for its unit and investment trust service and £100,000 for a wider portfolio.
▪ They are bought through a stockbroker in the same way as ordinary investment trust shares.
▪ Mr Major bragged about his opt-out from the social chapter, saying that it would attract foreign investment from Britain's neighbours.
▪ Its report said countries that have reformed most vigorously have recovered from recession more rapidly and attracted more investment.
▪ It hopes to attract foreign investment and technology by liberalising and privatising the industry and encouraging joint ventures.
▪ New economic reforms were put on hold, although efforts to attract foreign investment and push forward with the modernization drive continued.
▪ If it works, it will attract foreign investment.
▪ We will continue to support all parts of the United Kingdom in their campaigns to attract inward investment.
▪ That is what attracts investment from abroad and makes it profitable for domestic industry to invest as well.
▪ The aim, therefore, was to attract substantial foreign investment.
▪ If these measures had been designed to encourage investment, or to create jobs, they would at least have restored economic growth.
▪ In this framework, policies that encourage investment are good; policies that make investment less profitable are bad.
▪ Other hoped-for measures include tax breaks for industry to encourage investment and more cash for building projects.
▪ The federal government creates these funny situations with tax breaks to encourage investment.
▪ It was designed to use preferential interest rates to encourage investment in manufacturing, tourism, mining and agriculture.
▪ A series of measures-such as' Competition Credit Controlwere introduced to encourage investment and reduce regulatory controls on private sector investment decisions.
▪ The gain was mostly because of increased income from investment management and trust services.
▪ There has tended to be an increase in confidence within IIAs, although this has rarely been matched by increasing private-sector investment.
▪ But the amount of available time, unlike money, can not be increased by wise investment or hard work.
▪ Water charges will be required to increase to meet these investment needs whatever option is chosen.
▪ DRIPs let shareholders increase their investment by taking dividends in stock or by purchasing additional shares straight from the company.
▪ It is a private university, heavily dependent on a vast endowment created by private donations and increased by shrewd investment.
▪ Unfortunately, we have witnessed the consequences of increasing reliance on foreign investment.
▪ Only large record companies had access to sufficient finance to make that kind of investment.
▪ That could make bonds safer investments than stocks in the medium-to-long-term.
▪ Most have either made sensible investments or have bought what they wanted and could afford.
▪ But let me tell you, I believe I made the best investment any of us can make.
▪ The use of linear programming as an aid to decision making when allocating scarce investment funds has been widely advocated.
▪ The Communists made massive investments that did not pay off because of a poor incentive structure.
▪ These are the companies which made heavy investment in the electronic transmitter cells which now cover 90 percent of the country.
▪ And critics doubt many counties would make such an investment.
▪ Rate of return: Here, the rate of return is the minimum that you require from an investment.
▪ Rules numbered in the thousands, requiring a large investment in experts' time, rule development, and rule maintenance.
▪ It requires investment in good governance and tackling petty corruption.
▪ For refiners, it required a big capital investment in new equipment.
▪ However, all these initiatives require heavy investment at a time when economies are squeezed by foreign debt repayments.
▪ Refitting the lines and equipment requires time and huge investments of capital.
▪ The failure to index depreciation schedules for inflation is devastating for manufacturing and other industries that require long-term investments.
▪ The railways stimulated capital investment, entrepreneurial adventure, and the money market.
▪ Trouble is, they are the wrong songs: The supply-side view that tax cuts stimulate investment is simply not clearly demonstrated.
▪ Public investment will modernise services, help business and industry and stimulate private investment.
▪ Indeed, for many municipalities a concern with cost containment and with stimulating private investment became a practical necessity.
▪ I know that he appreciates the importance of infrastructure improvements to stimulate and encourage inward investment.
▪ The key to meeting this challenge was to stimulate private investment in the city.
offshore banks/companies/investments etc
▪ A review of offshore banks was also started and was expected to lead to several banks losing their licences to operate.
▪ All plans are offered with guaranteed clean title in offshore companies.
▪ For a good ways more, Collymore sailed onward to the offshore banks and then anchored.
▪ The table below shows the best deals currently available from offshore banks and building societies.
▪ A Certificate of Deposit remains one of the safest investments.
▪ Buying shares in blue-chip companies is always a sound investment.
▪ exciting investment opportunities
▪ Foreign investment peaked in November, when overseas investors took advantage of low prices.
▪ In ten years' time, your investment should be worth four times what it is now.
▪ Once we have seen an improvement in the company's performance, we will think about further investment.
▪ Raising kids requires a huge investment of time and energy.
▪ The Postal Service has made an extremely large investment in automated technology.
▪ We have the largest investment in microelectronics technology of any company in the world.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Investment \In*vest"ment\, n.

  1. The act of investing, or the state of being invested.

  2. That with which anyone is invested; a vestment.

    Whose white investments figure innocence.

  3. (Mil.) The act of surrounding, blocking up, or besieging by an armed force, or the state of being so surrounded.

    The capitulation was signed by the commander of the fort within six days after its investments.

  4. The laying out of money in the purchase of some species of property; also, the amount of money invested, or that in which money is invested.

    Before the investment could be made, a change of the market might render it ineligible.
    --A. Hamilton.

    An investment in ink, paper, and steel pens.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1590s, "act of putting on vestments" (a sense now found in investiture); later "act of being invested with an office, right, endowment, etc." (1640s); and "surrounding and besieging of a military target" (1811); see invest + -ment. Commercial sense is from 1610s, originally of the finances of the East India Company; general use is from 1740 in the sense of "conversion of money to property in hopes of profit," and by 1837 in the sense "amount of money so invested; property viewed as a vehicle for profit." For evolution of commercial senses, see invest.


n. 1 The act of investing, or state of being invested. 2 (context finance English) A placement of capital in expectation of deriving income or profit from its use or appreciation.

  1. n. the act of investing; laying out money or capital in an enterprise with the expectation of profit [syn: investing]

  2. money that is invested with an expectation of profit [syn: investment funds]

  3. outer layer or covering of an organ or part or organism

  4. the act of putting on robes or vestments

  5. the ceremonial act of clothing someone in the insignia of an office; the formal promotion of a person to an office or rank [syn: investiture]


To invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future.

In finance, the expected future benefit from investment is a return. The return may consist of capital gain and/or investment income, including dividends, interest, rental income etc.

Investment generally results in acquiring an asset, also called an investment. If the asset is available at a price worth investing, it is normally expected either to generate income, or to appreciate in value, so that it can be sold at a higher price (or both).

Investors generally expect higher returns from riskier investments. Financial assets range from low-risk, low- return investments, such as high-grade government bonds, to those with higher risk and higher expected commensurate reward, such as emerging markets stock investments.

Investors, particularly novices, are often advised to adopt an investment strategy and diversify their portfolio. Diversification has the statistical effect of reducing overall risk.

Investment (military)

Investment is the military process of surrounding an enemy fort (or town) with armed forces to prevent entry or escape. It serves both to cut communications with the outside world, and to prevent supplies and reinforcements from being introduced.

A circumvallation is a line of fortifications, built by the attackers around the besieged fortification facing towards an enemy fort (to protect the besiegers from sorties by its defenders and to enhance the blockade). The resulting fortifications are known as 'lines of circumvallation'. Lines of circumvallation generally consist of earthen ramparts and entrenchments that encircle the besieged city. The line of circumvallation can be used as a base for launching assaults against the besieged city or for constructing further earthworks nearer to the city.

A contravallation may be constructed in cases where the besieging army is threatened by a field army allied to an enemy fort. This is a second line of fortifications outside the circumvallation, facing away from an enemy fort. The contravallation protects the besiegers from attacks by allies of the city's defenders and enhances the blockade of an enemy fort by making it more difficult to smuggle in supplies.

Investment (film)

Investment ( Marathi) is a 2013 Marathi film written and directed by Ratnakar Matkari and produced by Pratibha Matkari for Mahadwar Productions. The leading roles are played by Tushar Dalvi, Supriya Vinod, Sulbha Deshpande, Sanjay Mone, Sandeep Pathak, Bhagyashri Pane, Praharsh Naik, Soham Kolvankar and Milind Phatak who are prominent actors from the Indian film industry. The director of photography is Amol Gole, the sound design is handled by Shantanu Akerkar and Dinesh Uchil with Madhav Vijay providing the background score.

Investment (disambiguation)

Investment is time, energy, or matter spent in the hope of future benefits actualized within a specified date or time frame.

Investment may also refer to:

  • Fixed investment, investment in physical assets such as machinery, land, buildings, installations, vehicles, or technology
  • Inventory investment, a component of gross domestic product (GDP)
  • Investment casting, an industrial process based on and also called lost-wax casting, one of the oldest known metal-forming techniques
  • Investment (military), the military tactic of surrounding an enemy fort (or town) with armed forces to prevent entry or escape
  • Investment (film), a 2013 Marathi film
  • Invest (meteorology), a designated area of disturbed weather that is being monitored for tropical cyclone development
  • Cathexis, also known as investment, a psychoanalytic term describing an investment of libido
Investment (macroeconomics)

In macroeconomics, investment is the amount purchased per unit time of goods which are not consumed at the present time. Types of investment include residential investment in housing that will provide a flow of housing services over an extended time, non-residential fixed investment in things such as new machinery or factories, human capital investment in workforce education, and inventory investment (the accumulation, intentional or unintentional, of goods inventories).

In measures of national income and output, " gross investment" (represented by the variable ) is a component of gross domestic product , given in the formula , where is consumption, is government spending, and is net exports, given by the difference between the exports and imports, . Thus investment is everything that remains of total expenditure after consumption, government spending, and net exports are subtracted (i.e. ).

"Net investment" deducts depreciation from gross investment. Net fixed investment is the value of the net increase in the capital stock per year.

Fixed investment, as expenditure over a period of time (e.g., "per year"), is not capital but rather leads to changes in the amount of capital. The time dimension of investment makes it a flow. By contrast, capital is a stock—that is, accumulated net investment up to a point in time.

Investment is often modeled as a function of income and interest rates, given by the relation . An increase in income encourages higher investment, whereas a higher interest rate may discourage investment as it becomes more costly to borrow money. Even if a firm chooses to use its own funds in an investment, the interest rate represents an opportunity cost of investing those funds rather than lending out that amount of money for interest.

Usage examples of "investment".

Indeed, Adams not only put his trust in land as the safest of investments, but agreed in theory with Jefferson and Madison that an agricultural society was inherently more stable than any other--not to say more virtuous.

Valiant fortune, some eighteen million and growing due to good investments directed by Arthur Tetrick, should have ensured that Adelia and Charles Valiant need never labor for their bread and butter.

You want me to tell Adelia to be a bit more aggressive with her investments but not to get crazy and, of course, never, ever, on pain of death, to touch the principal.

He saw the national investment in Vietnam draining our disposable strength from Europe and the Middle East and the likelihood that the more we Americanized the war, the less South Vietnam would do for itself.

By the vast reward that the newer system gave to individual enterprise, to technical improvement and to investment, capitalism proved the aptest tool for the creation and preservation of wealth ever devised.

It had been inside the HyperCray that Sergei Iyevenski and his team of bioorganic chemists simulated the process of growing a perfect molecular lattice prior to spending precious investment dollars running hybrid disks through the helifurnaces in the process area.

Something like sixty percent of biotech start-ups failed, so the danger of losing some or all of an investment to bankruptcy was very real.

Projects that were nearing commercialization might be reviewed all the way up to the CEO when multimillion-dollar investments were involved.

Used primarily to purchase investments and assets that Enron wanted to sell, and to provide cash to off-books entities that were also doing deals with the company.

Andrew Fastow, criticizing him for holding a second job as manager of investment funds that did deals with Enron.

As the elite, they would not only be trusted with sensitive deals, they would be given the opportunity to make special, personal investments alongside Enron, deals that could make them rich.

In reply, it may be said that the expense will decrease steadily, when segregation is viewed as a long-time investment, because the number of future wards of the state of any particular type will be decreasing every year.

The sort of investment that he admired so many other German businessmen for making now that the Deutschmark was so highly valued.

FargoBank had recently launched a new investment scheme entirely focused upon top-end electrotechnical corporates: the big AI owners.

I spared an instant to hope fervently that one or both of her five-thousand-dollar investments were deflating at that very moment, and blinked over the bright footlights that lined the stage.