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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

masc. proper name, from Old North French Hugues, Old French Hue, from a Frankish name meaning "heart, mind," cognate with Old High German Hugi, related to hugu "mind, soul, thought." Very popular after the Conquest (often in Latin form Hugo); the common form was Howe, the nickname form Hudd. Its popularity is attested by the more than 90 surnames formed from it, including Hughes, Howe, Hudson, Hewitt, Hutchins.


Hugh is a given name.

Hugh may also refer to:

Hugh (abbot of Saint-Quentin)

Hugh (802–844) was the illegitimate son of Charlemagne and his concubine Regina, with whom he had one other son: Bishop Drogo of Metz (801–855). Along with Drogo and his illegitimate half-brother Theodoric, Hugh was tonsured and sent from the palace of Aachen to a monastery in 818 by his father's successor, Louis the Pious, following the revolt of King Bernard of Italy. Hugh rose to become abbot of several abbacies: Saint-Quentin (822/3), Lobbes (836), and Saint-Bertin (836). In 834, he was made imperial archchancellor by his half-brother.

On Louis's death in 840, his sons began to fight over the inheritance. In 841, Hugh sided with his nephew Charles the Bald against Louis and Lothair. In 842, Charles spent Christmas with Hugh at Saint-Quentin on his eastern frontier. Hugh's interventions probably secured Saint-Quentin for Charles's kingdom in the division that came with the Treaty of Verdun (843).

Hugh was part of the small army which, on its way south to join Charles at Toulouse, was ambushed by Pippin II in the Angoumois on 14 June 844. Hugh was killed by a lance, and according to the anonymous verse lament composed about his death—called the Rhythmus de obitu Hugonis abbatis or Planctus Ugoni abbatis—Charles wept over his body.

Hugh is sometimes confused with Hugh the Abbot, resulting in the erroneous claim that he had a daughter, Petronilla, who married Tertullus of Anjou, the semi-legendary father of Ingelger, first count of Anjou. The late accounts of the Angevin origins actually make Petronilla a kinswoman of Hugh the Abbot, not of Charlemagne's son.

Hugh (archbishop of Palermo)

Hugh (died 1161) was an archbishop of Palermo. He was given the pallium by Pope Eugene III in 1150, but was denied the metropolitan authority previously granted by the Antipope Anacletus II.

At Easter 1151, Hugh crowned William, son of Roger II, co-king at Palermo. In 1155, after the death of Roger, it was alleged that Hugh and the Admiral Maio of Bari were plotting to overthrow William. However, these reports are contradicted by the trust William placed in Hugh and Maio during his lengthy illness that year, from September to Christmas. Later, Hugh, Maio, and the Archbishop Romuald of Salerno represented William at the negotiations for the Treaty of Benevento in 1156, after the suppression of a rebellion.

On the night of 10 November 1160, Hugh was walking with Maio when the admiral was set upon by Matthew Bonnellus and assassinated. Some allege Hugh to have been privy to the plot, but that too can probably be dismissed. Hugh died the next year.

Category:Normans Category:Italo-Normans Category:12th-century Roman Catholic archbishops Category:1161 deaths Category:Roman Catholic archbishops of Palermo Category:Year of birth unknown

Hugh (Dean of York)

Hugh, first dean of York, was appointed by archbishop Thomas I before December 1093. He was present at a royal council at Gloucester on 25 December 1093 and visited Fountains Abbey with archbishop Thurstan on 9 October 1132. It was this abbey to which he retired as old and infirm, to become a Cistercian monk, in 1135 - he was also a benefactor to it and founded its library.

Hugh (given name)

Hugh is the English-language variant of the masculine given name Hugues, itself the Old French variant of Hugo, a short form of Continental Germanic given names beginning in the element hug- "mind, spirit" ( Old English hyġe).

The Germanic name is on record beginning in the 8th century, in variants Chugo, Hugo, Huc, Ucho, Ugu, Uogo, Ogo, Ougo, etc. The name's popularity in the Middle Ages ultimately derives from its use by Frankish nobility, beginning with Duke of the Franks and Count of Paris Hugh the Great (898–956) . The Old French form was adopted into English from the Norman period (e.g. Hugh of Montgomery, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury d. 1098; Hugh d'Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester, d. 1101).

The spelling Hugh in English is from the Picard variant spelling Hughes, where the orthography -gh- takes the role of -gu- in standard French, i.e. to express the phoneme /g/ as opposed to the affricate /ʒ/ taken by the grapheme g before front vowels. The modern English pronunciation /hju:/ is influenced by the Norman variant form Hue (/hy:/, /y:/), now only a surname, mainly from Normandy.

The Old High German name Hugo was adopted as third declension nominative into Middle Latin (Hugo, Hugonis); in English, however, historical figures of the continental Middle Ages are conventionally given the name in its modern English spelling, as in Hugh Capet (941–996), Hugh Magnus of France (1007–1025), Hugh of Cluny (1024–1109), Hugh of Châteauneuf (1053–1132), etc.

Modern variants of the name include Dutch Huig, Frisian Hauke, Welsh Huw, Italian Ugo.

In the tradition of anglicisation of Gaelic names by using similar-sounding, but etymologically unrelated replacements, Hugh also serves as a replacement for Aodh and Ùisdean. (see Hughes (surname), Hughes (given name)).

Hugh (archbishop of Edessa)

Hugh or Hugo (died 24 December 1144) was the archbishop of Edessa of the Roman rite from about 1120 until his death. He is sometimes called "Hugh II", although he is the only known Edessene bishop named Hugh. The chronicler Bar Hebraeus calls him "Papyas" and "the metropolitan of the Franks". Most of the Christians in his province would have been Armenians not in communion with Rome; they only recognized papal authority in 1145. Hugh defended his city during the siege of Edessa, while Count Joscelin II was absent. He was killed when the city fell to Imad ad-Din Zengi of Mosul.

Hugh was originally from Flanders. On his way to Jerusalem he stopped at the abbey of Cluny and became an associate of the Cluniac order, being invested by Abbot Hugh with "the society of all the goods of the congregation", what the Flemish Hugh later called a "confraternity of prayer" with Cluny. In 1120, he donated some relics—a finger of Saint Stephen and a tooth of John the Baptist—to Cluny under Abbot Pons. According to an account of their donation, the Tractatus de Reliquiis Sancti Stephani Cluniacum Delatis, Hugh feared for his soul because he was keeping the holy relics in a city under constant threat of Muslim attack. Only after he was visited three times by the three patron saints of Cluny in visions that he mistook for dreams did Hugh decide to turn the relics over to Cluny. He gave them to Gilduin du Puiset, former prior of Cluny, who gave them to the monk Frotmund, who conveyed them to Cluny in a crystal glass casket. Hugh also acquired of Saints Thaddaeus and Abgar he sent to the archbishop of Reims, Ralph, in 1123. The letter Hugh addressed to the archbishop has survived, been edited and published. Hugh calls himself Hugo, Dei gratia Edessenae archiepiscopus, that is, archbishop " by the grace of God".

Hugh's diocese shrank sometime before 1134, when the Crusaders re-established the ancient archdiocese of Hierapolis based on the city of Duluk, which they called La Tuluppe. Its territory was taken from that of Edessa.

On 28 November 1144, the atabeg of Mosul surrounded the walled city of Edessa while the ruling count was away with his army. In the absence of the ruler and the best fighting men, Archbishop Hugh was charged with the defence of the city. He had the loyal support of the Armenian bishop John and the Syriac bishop Basil. Later chroniclers, including William of Tyre, accused him of refusing to spend from his treasury to pay the arrears of his soldiers, and blame the city's fall on his avarice. Hugh also ordered the defenders of the citadel not to open the gates unless he arrived in person. After the walls had been breached on 24 December, dozens of citizens were crushed in the mad rush to the citadel as the gates remained shut. Hugh himself was killed either in the stampede or by Zengi's soldiers as he tried to reach the citadel.

Hugh (archbishop of Vienne)

Hugh (died 1155) was a Carthusian monk who served as the bishop of Grenoble from 1132 until 1148 and then as the archbishop of Vienne from 1148 until 1153, when he retired to his old priory of Portes. As bishop of Grenoble, he was Hugh II, succeeding a fellow Carthusian, Hugh of Châteauneuf. His episcopate at Grenoble was marked by conflict with Count Guigues IV of Albon. At Vienne, he provoked displeasure from the Cluniacs and Cistercians.

Usage examples of "hugh".

Hugh of Austra saved Princess Theophanu and Queen Adelheid and their companies from an Aostan lord named John Ironhead, who meant to hold them as hostages.

They were but a foraging party--a hundred archers and as many men-at-arms--but their leader was Sir Hugh Calverley, and he was not a man to bide idle when good blows were to be had not three leagues from him.

I was going to tell you how many unmistakeable admirers I had:- Sir Thomas Ashby was one, - Sir Hugh Meltham and Sir Broadley Wilson are old codgers, only fit companions for papa and mamma.

The relics of ancient glory, including volumes of lore from the time of Cymrych Hugh, would keep the bards and scribes busy for years.

What with the dark, malignant Hughs and that haunting vision of Bianca, the matter seemed almost Italian.

He lied about the tapes to Barry Goldwater and Gerry Ford, to Hugh Scott and John Rhodes, to Al Haig and Pat Buchanan and even to his own attorney, James St.

Wellesley was adamant that Mackay must stay with his bullocks, but young Hugh wanted to be on the dance floor, and quite right too, except that the poor devil was killed.

Only to a few, Hugh had said, for coaches and the mail, perhaps, and those with their open carriages.

Two companies, under Col. Hugh Horry, were sent to the right, and the cavalry to the left, to support the attack, Marion himself bringing up the reserve.

Marion discovered the retreat before daylight, and sent Col. Hugh Horry forward with one hundred men, to get in advance of him before he should reach the mill.

Hugh walked a circuit of the chamber, shining his lamp into three alcoves built into the corbeled chamber.

Hugh would as soon have an attack of faceache as see old Bully looming up the track.

She scarcely heard the whispers and footfalls behind her as Hugh entered the church.

He raced down the corridor, the drumming footfalls of Hughes, Miller and Lewis rebounding from the floors and wails ahead of him.

Soon after, a SkyEye remotely piloted hovercam - a civilian spinoff from a Hughes battlefield monitor - arrived on the scene and began peering in windows with its low-light camera and audio telescope.