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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Hevea \Hevea\ prop. n. A small genus of South American trees yielding latex. It includes the rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis, originally found in South America, but now used for production of rubber world-wide.

Syn: genus Hevea.


Hevea is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It is also one of many names used commercially for the wood of the most economically important rubber tree, H. brasiliensis.

Hevea was first described as a genus in 1775. It is native to tropical South America but widely cultivated in other tropical countries and naturalized in several of them.

  1. Hevea benthamiana Müll.Arg. - Venezuela, SE Colombia, N Brazil
  2. Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A.Juss.) Müll.Arg. – Pará Rubber Tree - Brazil, French Guiana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia; naturalized in parts of Asia and Africa and on some tropical islands
  3. Hevea camporum Ducke - Amazonas State in Brazil
  4. Hevea guianensis Aubl. - Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, N Brazil
  5. Hevea microphylla Ule - Venezuela, Colombia, N Brazil
  6. Hevea nitida Mart. ex Müll.Arg. - Colombia, Amazonas State in Brazil
  7. Hevea pauciflora (Spruce ex Benth.) Müll.Arg. - Venezuela, Peru, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, N Brazil
  8. Hevea rigidifolia (Spruce ex Benth.) Müll.Arg. - Vaupés region of Colombia, Amazonas State in Brazil
  9. Hevea spruceana (Benth.) Müll.Arg. - Guyana, Amazonas State in Brazil

Usage examples of "hevea".

Brazilian trees that gave soap and glass, distorted versions of the hevea that flows rich latex.

There were many of the three-foot alligators, lurking hi the pools they themselves seemed to have constructed on the trunks, shells that resembled the cups rubber-workers fasten to the hevea bark as they drain their milky latex.

Allard talked methodically of the Castilla tree of Central America - a species of rubber tree less valuable than the Hevea of South America, but one with which Allard was specially familiar.

For example, in Brazil, the leading rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis, may be confused with Hevea spruceana (just to complicate matters further, there are interspecies crosses in the coastal regions), and in West Africa, those seeking Funtumia elastica may be misled into tapping Funtumia africana (the False Rubber Tree).

That is because the British successfully transplanted Hevea brasiliensis to Asia.

Unfortunately, even though it is native to the region, and hence well adapted to the local soil and climate, Hevea brasiliensis cannot be successfully cultivated in plantations in Latin America.

These are not the famous Hevea brasiliensis, but another Hevea species, Hevea guianensis.

While there are native rubber-producing plants, OTL Asian rubber production is mostly based on the transplanted Hevea brasiliensis.

Descriptive Material (as available in Grantville (Note B) Hevea brasiliensis Para Rubber Tree (major source in OTL)(Often confused with other producing Hevea species, such as H.

Age in years to First Tapping (y)Yield/Tree: Rubber, pounds per tree per yearYield/Acre: Rubber, pounds per acre per year (Note C) Hevea brasiliensis Para Rubber Tree (major source in OTL).

If USE explorers venture into Latin America, they can bring back seeds of the Hevea brasiliensis rubber tree for greenhouse cultivation, and ultimate transplantation to a tropical country friendly to USE.

The story of how Francois Fresnau found the Hevea brasiliensis tree in French Guiana is an interesting one, because the techniques he used could be adapted to finding any rubber tree whose latex production is already known to the natives.

However, we then run up against the problem that Hevea seeds have a very short period of viability.

Hevea latex can be stabilized by the addition of ammonia or sodium sulfite (CE), and then concentrated (much like separating cream from milk) for shipping.