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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

city in northern Vietnam, from Vietnamese Hà Nôi, literally "River Inside," from "river" + nôi "inside." So called in reference to its situation in a bend of the Red River. Known 18c. as Dong Kinh "Eastern Capital," which was corrupted by Europeans into Tonkin, Tonquin, and that name was used in the French colonial period to refer to the entire region and extended to the gulf to the east.


Hanoi ( or ; Vietnamese: Hà Nội ) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city. Its population in 2009 was estimated at 2.6 million for urban districts and 7 million for the metropolitan jurisdiction. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945), but Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina from 1902 to 1954. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War.

The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city.

October 2010 officially marked 1000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a 4 km ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.

Hanoï (album)

Hanoï is the sixth live album by French new wave band Indochine. It was released in February 2007. It is a recording of a performance that took place on 6 June 2006. The album takes its name from the location of the concert, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Hanoi (novel)

Hanoi is the fifteenth novel in the long-running Nick Carter-Killmaster series of spy novels. Carter is a US secret agent, code-named N-3, with the rank of Killmaster. He works for AXE – a secret arm of the US intelligence services.

Hanoi (disambiguation)

Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam.

Hanoi may also refer to:

  • Hanoï (album), 2007 Indochine album
  • Hanoi (novel), a 1966 spy novel
  • Tower of Hanoi, a one player game of strategy

Usage examples of "hanoi".

Hanoi, on a narrow street crowded with pedestrians, cyclos, and a few motor vehicles.

Tonkin Gulf Resolution, lest Hanoi had been misled by the interpretation Senator Fulbright had given to his fellow Democrats.

Hanoi and Haiphong areas, eliminated long delays in approving targets, the bombing would be far more effective.

The reply seemed to imply that talks might go forward on this basis, but further discussion was angrily cut off by Hanoi when Admiral Sharp launched a major bombing campaign to isolate Hanoi and Haiphong from each other and from their supply routes.

French warships, planes, and artillery had punitively shelled and bombed civilian quarters of Haiphong, killing more than six thousand civilians, fighting had broken out in Hanoi.

Hanoi and Haiphong this week as the Soviet people had over the invasion of Czechoslovakia.

B-52s over Haiphong and Hanoi still lay a year in the future, though contingency plans had come close to execution several times since 1969.

Muong Hou Nua, a small town northwest of Hanoi and only twenty miles from China.

During the fierce bombings of Hanoi and Haiphong, around Christmas 1972, came the first defiance of B-52 pilots who refused to fly those missions.

The island was home to the 18th Tactical Fighter Wing, made up of combat-experienced fighter jocks who had flown numerous missions against targets in Hanoi and Haiphong in North Vietnam.

He has promised us substantial aid and his foreign minister, Couve de Muirville, will meet with representatives from Hanoi.

For the benefit of our audiences, we let them stand as truth, and billed him as Major Martin Boyette, the last surviving POW of the American War, now well over a hundred years old and horribly disfigured, both conditions the result of experiments in genetic manipulation by means of viruses–this the opinion of a Hanoi physician who treated the major during a bout of illness.

What startled everybody about the carpet bombing of Hanoi wasn't the bombing.

He took his leather flight jacket from a hook near the door and, locking the door behind him, set off down the passageway thinking about party headquarters in Hanoi.

The gene-tailored hepatocytes I'd acquired in Hanoi could degrade almost anything from morphine to curare.