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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

from a native word perhaps meaning "respectable."

Guyana (disambiguation)

Guyana is a country in the Guianas, South America.

Guyana, Guiana, or Guayana may refer to:

  • French Guiana, an overseas department of France in the Guianas
  • The Guianas, a region in the north of South America
  • Guayana Region, an administrative region of Venezuela
  • Ciudad Guayana, a city in Bolívar State, Venezuela
  • Guayana language or Wayaná, an extinct Jê language of southern Brazil
  • Guayana or Wayana language, a Cariban language spoken in Surinam, French Guiana, and Brazil
  • Guiana Island, Antigua and Barbuda
  • Guyana (Commonwealth realm)

Guyana (pronounced or ), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America. It is, however, included in the Caribbean Region due to its rich cultural, historical, and political ties with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west. With , Guyana is the fourth-smallest country on mainland South America after Uruguay, Suriname, and French Guiana.

The region known as " the Guianas" consists of the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "land of many waters". Originally inhabited by several indigenous groups, Guyana was settled by the Dutch before coming under British control in the late 18th century. It was governed as the plantation economy of British Guiana until independence in 1966, and officially became a republic within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. The legacy of British rule is reflected in the country's diverse population, which includes Indian, African, Amerindian, and multiracial groups.

Guyana also has the distinction of being the only South American nation in which English is the official language. The majority of the population, however, speak Guyanese Creole, an English-based creole language with slight Dutch, Arawakan and Caribbean influences. In addition to being part of the Anglophone Caribbean, Guyana is one of the few Caribbean countries that is not an island in the West Indies. CARICOM, of which Guyana is a member, is headquartered in Guyana's capital and largest city, Georgetown. In 2008, the country joined the Union of South American Nations as a founding member.

Approximately three quarters of the west of the country are claimed by Venezuela, specifically 159,542 square kilometres, accounting for 74.21% of the territory, zone called by this as Guyana Essequiba. Its other neighbour, Surinam, claims for itself a part of the eastern territory southeast of the country specifically about 15,600 square kilometres called Tigri Area which currently accounts for 7.26% of the country.

Guyana (Commonwealth realm)

The Commonwealth realm of Guyana, officially known as "Guyana", was a predecessor to the modern-day Guyana and an independent state that existed between 26 May 1966 and 23 February 1970.

British rule ended in 1966, when Guyana was given independence as a Commonwealth realm by the Guyana Independence Act 1966 which transformed the British Crown Colony of British Guiana into the independent sovereign constitutional monarchy of Guyana with the British monarch as head of state. Guyana shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms, and the monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Guyana. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701. The following governors-generals held office in Guyana during the dominion period:

  1. Sir Richard Luyt (26 May 1966 – 16 December 1966)
  2. Sir David Rose (16 December 1966 – 10 November 1969)
  3. Sir Edward Luckhoo (10 November 1969 – 1 July 1970)

Elizabeth II did not reside in or visit Guyana during its time as a Commonwealth realm.

The Republic of Guyana came into existence on 23 February 1970, when Guyana became a republic within the Commonwealth.

Forbes Burnham held office as prime minister (and head of government) of Guyana during this period. Following the abolition of the monarchy, former Governor-General Sir Edward Luckhoo provisionally became the first President of Guyana.

Usage examples of "guyana".

Hilmaran Kingdom in Arcana whose territory includes the equivalent of Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana.

There were tens of thousands of tourists, swarming from the maze of shops to pick their way between scores of vendors selling old and new clothes, bootleg CDs, cheap silver jewelry, kilims, feather boas, handcuffs, cell phones, mass-produced furniture and puppets from Indonesia, Morocco, Guyana, Wales.

We seemed to be headed a bit west, perhaps toward Guiana, where the French still basically ruled, or Guyana, which had lots of jungle airstrips and virtually unmapped interiors.

But since it docked at Guyana its systems have functioned smoothly,” the Admiral said.

Even in the countries with the largest surviving Native American populations, such as Peru, Bolivia, Mexico, and Guatemala, a glance at photographs of political and business leaders shows that they are disproportionately Europeans, while several Caribbean nations have black African leaders and Guyana has had Asian Indian leaders.

A stony iron asteroid, Guyana, was manoeuvred into orbit before the first settler arrived, and navy engineers immediately set about converting it into a base.

As I write, Asian timber barons are trying to buy and cut the forests of Suriname and Guyana, increasing the statistics of 100 acres of world-wide tropical rainforest vanishing every minute.