Goma is a city in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is located on the northern shore of Lake Kivu, next to the Rwandan city of Gisenyi. The lake and the two cities are in the Albertine Rift, the western branch of the East African Rift system. Goma lies only 13 to 18 km due south of the crater of the active Nyiragongo Volcano. The recent history of Goma has been dominated by the volcano and the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, which in turn fuelled the First and Second Congo Wars. The aftermath of these events was still having effects on the city and its surroundings in 2010. The city was captured by rebels during the M23 rebellion in late 2012, but has since been retaken by government forces.
Goma is the capital of the North Kivu province, which is ethnically similar and neighboring to South Kivu (with the capital Bukavu); together the two provinces are known as "the Kivus".
Goma can mean:
Goma, a city in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and associated facilities:
- University of Goma
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Goma
- Goma International Airport
- Goma (character), a character in the Legend of Zelda game series
- Alain Goma, a French footballer
- Paul Goma, a Romanian writer
- Guy Goma, an accidental TV pundit
- Richard Gomez, a Philippine actor
- Goma Lambu, DR-Congo-born English footballer
- Guma, Pishan County, also spelled as Goma, a town in Xinjiang, China
- Goma, Bangladesh
Goma or GOMA may also refer to:
- Homa, an ancient Buddhist fire ritual originating in India practiced mainly in the Japanese Shingon sect; goma is the Japanese transliteration
- Gallery of Modern Art, an art gallery in the centre of Glasgow
- Queensland Gallery of Modern Art in Brisbane
- Goma, "lake" in Algonquian used in North American place names such as Algoma (word)
- Goma, "sesame" in Japanese, as in gomashio, sesame seeds and salt used as a seasoning
- Isidro Goma y Tomas, a Spanish Roman Catholic Cardinal
- Goma, A Full-Newton Finite Element Program for Free and Moving Boundary Problems with Coupled Fluid/Solid Momentum, Energy, Mass, and Chemical Species Transport
- Goma-2, a high explosive
- The word for rubber in Spanish, colloquially may also refer to a hangover
Goma is a commune of the city of Goma in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Goma is an open-source, parallel, and scalable multiphysics software package for modeling and simulation of real-life physical processes, with a basis in computational fluid dynamics for problems with evolving geometry. It solves problems in all branches of mechanics, including fluids, solids, and thermal analysis. Goma uses advanced numerical methods, focusing on the low-speed flow regime with coupled phenomena for manufacturing and performance applications. It also provides a flexible software development environment for specialty physics.
Goma was created by Sandia National Laboratories and is currently supported by both Sandia and the University of New Mexico.