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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
gnome
noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a garden gnome (=a stone or plastic figure in a garden, which looks like a little old man with a pointed hat)
▪ Somebody had stolen one of their garden gnomes.
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
garden
▪ Have only low-level foliage in the front of the house, where only a garden gnome could hide.
▪ Another rather unusual query ... Is it possible to make your own garden gnomes - by casting them?
▪ He called in Julian - a six-inch-tall red, white and blue garden gnome!
▪ It is not in the business of scattering latter-day garden gnomes.
▪ Margaret's life might have been brightened up by a smug, self-amusing gurning garden gnome.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ a garden gnome
▪ the gnomes who work in the U.S. Treasury
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ And what of hobgoblins, gnomes and the little people of Ireland?
▪ Another rather unusual query ... Is it possible to make your own garden gnomes - by casting them?
▪ Have only low-level foliage in the front of the house, where only a garden gnome could hide.
▪ Margaret's life might have been brightened up by a smug, self-amusing gurning garden gnome.
▪ People who imagine that some small cabal of powerful investors move the market often talk about the gnomes of Zurich.
▪ There were grinning gnomes worked into the iron filigree, running downwards helter-skelter.
▪ They had gnomes in the garden, which was even more off-putting.
▪ To understand the S & P 500, however, you have to know more about the gnomes of Brooklyn.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Gnome

Gnome \Gnome\, n. [F. gnome, prob. fr. Gr. gnw`mon one that knows, a guardian, i. e., of the treasures in the inner parts of the earth, or fr. ? intelligence, both fr. gnw^nai, gignw^skein, to know. See Know.]

  1. An imaginary being, supposed by the Rosicrucians to inhabit the inner parts of the earth, and to be the guardian of mines, quarries, etc.

  2. A dwarf; a goblin; a person of small stature or misshapen features, or of strange appearance.

  3. (Zo["o]l.) A small owl ( Glaucidium gnoma) of the Western United States.

  4. [Gr. ?.] A brief reflection or maxim.
    --Peacham.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
gnome

"dwarf-like earth-dwelling spirit," 1712, from French gnome, from Modern Latin gnomus, used 16c. in a treatise by Paracelsus, who gave the name pigmaei or gnomi to elemental earth beings, possibly from Greek *genomos "earth-dweller" (compare thalassonomos "inhabitant of the sea"). A less-likely suggestion is that Paracelsus based it on the homonym that means "intelligence" (preserved in gnomic). Popular in children's literature 19c. as a name for red-capped German and Swiss folklore dwarfs. Garden figurines first imported to England late 1860s from Germany; garden-gnome attested from 1933.

Wiktionary
gnome

Etymology 1 n. A brief reflection or maxim; a pithy saying. Etymology 2

n. 1 (context magic alchemy Rosicrucianism English) An elemental (spirit or corporeal creature associated with a classical element) associated with earth. 2 (context mythology fantasy literature English) One of a legendary race of human-like beings, usually imagined as short and possibly bearded males, who inhabit the inner parts of the earth and act as guardians of mines, mineral treasure, etc.; in modern fantasy literature, when distinguished from dwarves, gnomes are usually even smaller than dwarves and more focussed on engineering than mining. 3 A dwarf; a goblin; a person of small stature or misshapen features, or of strange appearance. 4 The (vern: northern pygmy owl), (taxlink Glaucidium gnoma species noshow=1), a small owl of the western United States. 5 A small statue placed in a garden to ward off pests and protect a home from sorcery. 6 (context astronomy meteorology English) An upper atmospheric optical phenomenon associated with thunderstorms, a compact blue starter.

WordNet
gnome
  1. n. a legendary creature resembling a tiny old man; lives in the depths of the earth and guards buried treasure [syn: dwarf]

  2. a short pithy saying expressing a general truth

Wikipedia
Gnome (disambiguation)

A gnome is a diminutive spirit in Renaissance magic and alchemy.

Gnome or GNOME may also refer to:

Gnome (Dungeons & Dragons)

In the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game, gnomes are one of the core races available for play as player characters. Some speculate that they are closely related to dwarves; however, gnomes are more tolerant of other races and of magic, and are skilled with illusions. Gnomes are Small sized humanoids, standing 3-3½ feet (90-105 centimeters) tall.

GNOME

GNOME (pronounced or ) is a desktop environment that is composed entirely of free and open-source software. GNOME was originally an acronym for GNU Network Object Model Environment. Its target operating system is Linux, but it is also supported on most derivatives of BSD.

GNOME is developed by The GNOME Project, which is composed of both volunteers and paid contributors, the largest corporate contributor being Red Hat. It is an international project that aims to develop software frameworks for the development of software, to program end-user applications based on these frameworks, and to coordinate efforts for internationalization and localization and accessibility of that software.

GNOME is part of the GNU Project.

Gnome (rhetoric)

A gnome ( Greek: γνώμη gnome, from γιγνώσκειν gignoskein "to know") is a type of saying, especially an aphorism or a maxim designed to provide instruction in a compact form (usually in the form of hexameter).

The term gnome was introduced by Klaus Berger in the Formgeschichte des Neuen Testaments. He used this traditional term from the antique rhetoric and attempted to identify this rhetorical method in the New Testament.

"Only a giant is able to create a felicitous gnome,
that could be well comprehensible for even an asinine gnome."
( Volodymyr Knyr)

Usage examples of "gnome".

Crockett went, with Brockle Buhn, to the Council Chamber, a cavern gigantic enough to hold the thousands of gnomes who thronged it.

It was Brockle Buhn, the feminine gnome Crockett had already encountered.

In the morning Crockett went, with Brockle Buhn, to the Council Chamber, a cavern gigantic enough to hold the thousands of gnomes who thronged it.

A gnome moves through earth like an arrow in the air, At home like a fish within the seamless, foamless Liberty of the water that yields to it everywhere.

The sun had risen into full view in the east now, and its light framed the stranger as he bent over the huddled form of the sleeping Gnome leader.

He found out a few minutes later that Gaye had gone rearward and managed to lock herself in the hydro-dynamic pumping station with Ruff and Widget, the giant hamsters, and was refusing to let any gnome near them.

Geno reached over and gave Gerbil a swat on the back, but the gnome did not visibly react.

This time, the entrance was by gnomides, the gnome women, who were rather pretty little things.

And actually it was nice, for these gnomides were of quite a different personality from the gnomes.

Germain, who had been put in that fearful condition by a female gnome, who had intended to make him the executioner of Semiramis, who was to die of the dreadful malady before her term had expired.

She had just reached the flower garden by the front gates when her grey gnome appeared, waving its arms in excitement and jigging up and down.

He was a little thing, no more than two feet tall, almost a gnome, with long, knobbly arms and legs, a pointed head and huge, blue, owl-like eyes with nictitating eyelids.

I rounded the top of the hill that was directly east of my landing point, I suddenly came face to face with two small people, gnomes by appearance, one of whom I recognized as being Onan, the Lord of the Past.

But, of course, it was no good hunting because Peeky the gnome had taken them off to his hollow tree, and at that very minute they were drying nicely all round his stove!

They had made all the chairs, a most beautiful round table, a lovely deep cupboard, and the sturdiest little stool you ever saw for Peeky the gnome.