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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
breathe fumes
▪ These children are breathing traffic fumes all day long.
toxic chemicals/substances/fumes/gases
▪ Toxic chemicals were spilled into the river.
▪ David Ashworth Parents fuming over bus posters A COUNCIL-owned bus company has been attacked for carrying tobacco advertising on school buses.
Still fuming at the insensitive arrogance of the man she turned and left the office.
▪ Behind the scenes Pilger, still fuming from the Kennedy Hotel showdown, was working separately.
▪ A crucial document disappeared for years while frustrated investigators fumed.
▪ I stood there fuming until I was noticed.
▪ It will do no good at all if it leaves you fuming internally for the rest of the day.
▪ Jody makes sure everyone gets there on time, but she fumes about the early hour to anyone who will listen.
▪ Still fuming at the insensitive arrogance of the man she turned and left the office.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Fume \Fume\ (f[=u]m), n. [L. fumus; akin to Skr. dh[=u]ma smoke, dh[=u] to shake, fan a flame, cf. Gr. qy`ein to sacrifice, storm, rage, qy`mon, qy`mos, thyme, and perh. to E. dust: cf. OF. fum smoke, F. fum['e]e. Cf. Dust, n., Femerell, Thyme.]

  1. Exhalation; volatile matter (esp. noxious vapor or smoke) ascending in a dense body; smoke; vapor; reek; as, the fumes of tobacco.

    The fumes of new shorn hay.
    --T. Warton.

    The fumes of undigested wine.

  2. Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control; as, the fumes of passion.

  3. Anything vaporlike, unsubstantial, or airy; idle conceit; vain imagination.

    A show of fumes and fancies.

  4. The incense of praise; inordinate flattery.

    To smother him with fumes and eulogies.

  5. (Metal.) Solid material deposited by condensation of fumes; as, lead fume (a grayish powder chiefly lead sulphate).

    In a fume, in ill temper, esp. from impatience.


Fume \Fume\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Fumed; p. pr. & vb. n. Fuming.] [Cf. F. fumer, L. fumare to smoke. See Fume, n.]

  1. To smoke; to throw off fumes, as in combustion or chemical action; to rise up, as vapor.

    Where the golden altar fumed.

    Silenus lay, Whose constant cups lay fuming to his brain.

  2. To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied.

    Keep his brain fuming.

  3. To pass off in fumes or vapors.

    Their parts are kept from fuming away by their fixity.

  4. To be in a rage; to be hot with anger.

    He frets, he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground.

    While her mother did fret, and her father did fume.
    --Sir W. Scott.

    To fume away, to give way to excitement and displeasure; to storm; also, to pass off in fumes.


Fume \Fume\, v. t.

  1. To expose to the action of fumes; to treat with vapors, smoke, etc.; as, to bleach straw by fuming it with sulphur; to fill with fumes, vapors, odors, etc., as a room.

    She fumed the temple with an odorous flame.

  2. To praise inordinately; to flatter.

    They demi-deify and fume him so.

  3. To throw off in vapor, or as in the form of vapor.

    The heat will fume away most of the scent.

    How vicious hearts fume frenzy to the brain!

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., "vapor, odorous vapor; exhalation," from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath, aroma, scent" (12c.), from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume, old flavor" (source also of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (1) "dust, vapor, smoke; to rise in a cloud, to fly about (like dust)" (cognates: Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul"). In medieval physiology, an "exhalation" of the body that produces emotions, dreams, sloth, etc; later especially of smokes or vapors that go to the head and affect the senses with a narcotic or stifling quality.


c.1400, "to fumigate" (transitive), from Old French fumer "to smoke, burn" (12c.), from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Intransitive meaning "throw off smoke, emit vapor" is from 1530s; the figurative sense "show anger, be irritated" is slightly earlier (1520s). Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.


n. 1 A gas or vapour/vapor that smells strongly or is dangerous to inhale. Fumes are solid particles formed by condensation from the gaseous state, e.g. metal oxides from volatilized metals. They can flocculate and coalesce. Their particle size is between 0.1 and 1 micron. (A micron is one millionth of a metre) 2 A material that has been vaporized from the solid state to the gas state and re-coalesced to the solid state. 3 Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control. 4 Anything unsubstantial or airy; idle conceit; vain imagination. 5 The incense of praise; inordinate flattery. vb. 1 To emit fumes. 2 To expose something (especially wood) to ammonia fumes in order to produce dark tints. 3 To feel or express great anger. 4 To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied. 5 To pass off in fumes or vapours.

  1. v. be mad, angry, or furious

  2. emit a cloud of fine particles; "The chimney was fuming" [syn: smoke]

  3. treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests [syn: fumigate]

  4. be wet with sweat or blood, as of one's face [syn: reek]


n. a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas [syn: smoke]


Fume, fumes or fumed may refer to:

  • Combustion gas, smoke
  • Vapor
  • Fume (grape), another name for the French wine grape Sauvignon blanc
    • Pouilly-Fumé, French wine region in the Loire Valley that produces wine from Sauvignon blanc
  • Fifi La Fume, a cartoon character from the animated television series Tiny Toon Adventures
  • Pere Fume (21st century), Canadian musician
  • Silica fume, a fine-grain, thin, and very high surface area silica
  • Ammonia fuming, a wood finishing process
  • "Fumes", a song on the album None Shall Pass by Aesop Rock
  • Fune and funeral.

Usage examples of "fume".

The fumes given off by acetone, benzine, xylene, and formaldehyde are toxic and may cause sickness.

Judging by the aroma of the first fumes, the tobacco certainly contained an admixture of something stronger.

When the alkaloid is heated in a watchglass with a drop of strong sulphuric acid until the acid begins to fume, and is then allowed to get quite cold, a drop of nitric acid produces a brilliant red colour.

Ores of Lead -- Geographical Distribution of the Lead Industry -- Chemical and Physical Properties of Lead -- Alloys of Lead -- Compounds of Lead -- Dressing of Lead Ores -- Smelting of Lead Ores -- Smelting in the Scotch or American Ore-hearth -- Smelting in the Shaft or Blast Furnace -- Condensation of Lead Fume -- Desilverisation, or the Separation of Silver from Argentiferous Lead -- Cupellation -- The Manufacture of Lead Pipes and Sheets -- Protoxide of Lead -- Litharge and Massicot -- Red Lead or Minium -- Lead Poisoning -- Lead Substitutes -- Zinc and its Compounds -- Pumice Stone -- Drying Oils and Siccatives -- Oil of Turpentine Resin -- Classification of Mineral Pigments -- Analysis of Raw and Finished Products -- Tables -- Index.

The trees looked as if they were dying and the flowers in the neglected beds rattled in the fumes and slipstreams of the traffic.

The only thing to be collected, therefore, was elder-pith, for as to the other substance necessary for the manufacture of pyroxyle, it was only fuming azotic acid.

To make pyroxyle, the cotton must be immersed in the fuming azotic acid for a quarter of an hour, then washed in cold water and dried.

As he left, he could see out of the corner of his eye that Bagman and Fudge were fuming.

Daniel took most of these in good humor, but Isaac, who suspected that Jack was baiting him, fumed quietly, like a beaker just tonged from a furnace.

M uch company they draw, and much abuse, I n casting figures, telling fortunes, news, S elling of flies, flat bawdry with the stone, T ill it, and they, and all in fume are gone.

I thrust my burning face into it, drinking my fill, while the renegade in scarlet bawled at me and fumed and cursed, demanding my attention to what he was saying.

Little Henri Beyle breathed in the acrid fumes and gaped at the sarcophagus.

Longerman, however, had murmured something about removing Tapestry to a more accommodating trainer, and I had not been unselfish enough to decline the offer, and Binny had fumed in vain.

Abreu fume, knew that the latter was sore because he had not been able to find any excuse to hold Borel at Novorecife.

He fretted and fumed, chafing at the tedium, and then, as the long shadows stretched across the yard, subsided into a wretched silence.