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n. (context physics English) a form of antiferromagnetism in which some magnetization remains below a critical temperature (the Neel temperature)


n. a phenomenon in ferrites where there can be incomplete cancellation of antiferromagnetic arranged spins giving a net magnetic moment

Not to be confused with ferromagnetism; for an overview see magnetism

In physics, a ferrimagnetic material is one that has populations of atoms with opposing magnetic moments, as in antiferromagnetism; however, in ferrimagnetic materials, the opposing moments are unequal and a spontaneous magnetization remains. This happens when the populations consist of different materials or ions (such as Fe and Fe).

Ferrimagnetism is exhibited by ferrites and magnetic garnets. The oldest known magnetic substance, magnetite (iron(II,III) oxide; Fe O), is a ferrimagnet; it was originally classified as a ferromagnet before NĂ©el's discovery of ferrimagnetism and antiferromagnetism in 1948.

Some ferrimagnetic materials are YIG ( yttrium iron garnet), cubic ferrites composed of iron oxides and other elements such as aluminum, cobalt, nickel, manganese and zinc, hexagonal ferrites such as PbFeO and BaFeO, and pyrrhotite, FeS.