Crossword clues for doublet
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Doublet \Doub"let\, n. [In sense 3, OF. doublet; in sense 4, F. doublet, dim. of double double. See Double, a.]
Two of the same kind; a pair; a couple.
(Print.) A word or words unintentionally doubled or set up a second time.
A close-fitting garment for men, covering the body from the neck to the waist or a little below. It was worn in Western Europe from the 15th to the 17th century.
(Lapidary Work) A counterfeit gem, composed of two pieces of crystal, with a color them, and thus giving the appearance of a naturally colored gem. Also, a piece of paste or glass covered by a veneer of real stone.
(Opt.) An arrangement of two lenses for a microscope, designed to correct spherical aberration and chromatic dispersion, thus rendering the image of an object more clear and distinct.
--W. H. Wollaston.
pl. (See No. 1.) Two dice, each of which, when thrown, has the same number of spots on the face lying uppermost; as, to throw doublets.
pl. [Cf. Pr. doblier, dobler draughtboard.] A game somewhat like backgammon.
One of two or more words in the same language derived by different courses from the same original from; as, crypt and grot are doublets; also, guard and ward; yard and garden; abridge and abbreviate, etc.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
early 14c. as a type of men's garment, from Old French doublet (12c.), from diminutive of duble (see double (adj.)). From 1550s as "one of two things that are alike."
n. 1 a man’s close-fitting jacket, with or without sleeves. Men in Europe wore doublets from the 1400s to the 1600s. 2 a pair of two similar or equal things; couple. 3 (context linguistics English) one of two or more different words in a language derived from the same origin but coming by different routes (e.g., ''toucher'' and ''toquer'' in French or ''yard'' and ''garden'' in English). 4 (context literature English) In textual criticism, two different narrative accounts of the same actual event. 5 (context lapidary English) An imitation gem made of two pieces of glass or crystal with a layer of color between them. 6 (context printing US English) A word or phrase set a second time by mistake. 7 (context quantum mechanics English) A quantum state of a system with a spin of 1/2, such that there are two allowed values of the spin component, -1/2 and +1/2. 8 (context computing English) A word (or rather, a halfword) consisting of two bytes 9 (context botany English) A very small flowering plant, '':w:Dimeresia howellii'' 10 A word ladder puzzle. 11 An arrangement of two lenses for a microscope, designed to correct spherical aberration and chromatic dispersion, thus rendering the image of an object more clear and distinct. 12 Either of two dice, each of which, when thrown, has the same number of spots on the face lying uppermost. 13 (context uncountable English) A game somewhat like backgammon.
n. a man's close-fitting jacket; worn during the Renaissance
Doublet may refer to:
- Doublet (clothing), a man's snug-fitting buttoned jacket that was worn from the late 14th century to the mid 17th century
- Doublet (Highland dress), a formal jacket worn with Scottish highland dress
- Doublet (lapidary), an assembled gem composed in two sections, such as a garnet overlaying green glass
- Doublet (lens), a type of lens, made up of two stacked layers with different refractive indices
- Doublet (linguistics), one of two or more words of the same language that come from the same root
- Doublet state, a state in quantum physics of a system with a spin of ½
- Doublet (potential flow), fluid flow due to a source–sink combination
- Doublet (computing), a group of 16 bits in computing
- Pierre Jean Louis Ovide Doublet (1749–1824), a politician and writer from France
- Word ladder or "doublets", a word game invented by Lewis Carroll
- In mathematics, the unit doublet is the derivative of the Dirac delta function
- In textual criticism, two different narrative accounts of the same actual event
- Dimeresia howellii, a tiny flowering plant.
In optics, a doublet is a type of lens made up of two simple lenses paired together. Such an arrangement allows more optical surfaces, thicknesses, and formulations, especially as the space between lenses may be considered an "element." With additional degrees of freedom, optical designers have more latitude to correct more optical aberrations more thoroughly.
Doublet (b. 1963 - †.1974) was a Thoroughbred gelding. Doublet was a successful performer in the sport of Eventing in which he was the regular mount of Princess Anne. Doublet was ridden by Princess Anne when winning the gold medal in the 1971 European Eventing Championship.
A doublet is a man's snug-fitting buttoned jacket that is shaped and fitted to the man's body which was worn in Spain and was spread to Western Europe from the late Middle Ages up to the mid-17th century. The doublet was hip length or waist length and worn over the shirt or drawers. Until the end of the 15th century the doublet was worn under another layer of clothing such as a gown, mantle, overtunic or jerkin.
Originally it was a mere stitched and quilted lining ("doubling"), worn under a hauberk or cuirass to prevent bruising and chafing. Doublets were frequently opened to the waistline in a deep V. The edges might be left free or laced across the shirt front. If there was space left it might be filled with a stomacher. By the 1520s, the edges of the doublet met at the center front. Then, like many other originally practical items in the history of men's wear, from the late 15th century onward it became elaborated enough to be seen on its own. A similar jacket, the sherwani, is worn today in India.
Throughout the 300 years of its use, the doublet served the same purpose: to give fashionable shape and padding to the body, to support the hose by providing ties, and to provide warmth to the body. The only thing that changed about the doublet over its history was its style and cut.
A doublet is a type of gem composed in two sections. It is sometimes used to imitate other, more expensive gems.
A garnet and glass doublet uses a top portion of natural garnet fused to any color of glass to imitate a gem. The color of glass used in the doublet is all that is seen, as the garnet provides no color. If seen in reflected light, a separation line may be seen. A harder garnet makes the stones more durable. In the case of opal doublets, a backing layer of onyx or matrix ( ironstone) gives the more fragile opal layer support and can make the opal look darker and higher quality.
Garnet and glass doublets were first used around 1850 when it was noted that molten glass would adhere to garnet. It was a popular imitation for all types of gems in many colors because the color of the glass became the only color you saw. They were still being produced into the early 1900s until actual synthetic gems were introduced. "Gems Made by Man" by Kurt Nassau, circa 1980, is an excellent source.
In etymology, two or more words in the same language are called doublets or etymological twins (or possibly triplets, etc.) when they have different phonological forms but the same etymological root. Often, but not always, the variants entered the language through different routes. Because the relationship between words that have the same root and the same meaning is fairly obvious, the term is mostly used to characterize pairs of words that have diverged at least somewhat in meaning. For example, English pyre and fire are doublets with only remotely connected meanings despite both descending ultimately from the same Proto-Indo-European (PIE) word *péh₂ur.
Words with similar meanings but subtle differences contribute to the richness of modern English, and many of these are doublets. A good example consists of the doublets frail and fragile. (These are both ultimately from the Latin adjective fragilis, but frail evolved naturally through its slowly changing forms in Old French and Middle English, whereas fragile is a learned borrowing directly from Latin in the 15th century.)
Another example of nearly synonymous doublets is aperture and overture (the commonality behind the meanings is "opening"). But doublets may develop divergent meanings, such as the opposite words host and guest, which come from the same PIE word *gʰóstis and already existed as a doublet in Latin and then Old French, before being borrowed into English. Doublets also vary with respect to how far their forms have diverged. For example, the resemblance between levy and levee is obvious, whereas the connection between sovereign and soprano, or and , is harder to guess synchronically from the forms of the words alone.
Doublet is the term describing a type of jacket worn with Scottish highland dress; referring to both uniform and evening jackets.
The uniform jacket is short cut with four Inverness flaps skirt and buttoned gauntlet cuffs. It can be any colour depending upon the regiment. It is also used by civilian pipe bands .
This garment is similar to a mess jacket, with buttoned gauntlet cuffs, short or no skirts, and with or without lapels. It may have a row of silver heraldic buttons on each side. It may be worn with a lace jabot and cuff set, and a high-buttoned waistcoat. It is typically made of velvet or wool, with satin lapels, and may feature epaulettes. The highland doublet is jacobean in style and may date to that period or earlier. Variation may be called an Argyll jacket or Prince Charlie jacket (or coatee).
The Regulation kilt doublet is a typically black double-breasted jacket with satin peaked lapels, buttoned gauntlet cuffs, and epaulettes, similar to the Prince Charlie coatee, which it pre-dates. Unlike the coatee, which is cut like a mess jacket, the doublet has braided "tashes" (otherwise known as Inverness skirts/flaps) at the front and back. The Regulation doublet was at one time the regulation uniform jacket of the Highland regiments, and is worn with a three-button waistcoat which may be made from the same cloth as the jacket.
The Kenmore kilt doublet is a single-breasted jacket, worn buttoned up (no lapels) and without a waistcoat. It is traditionally made from velvet and is always worn with a belt, lace jabot and cuffs. It may be worn on all formal occasions. It is named after the town of Kenmore which lies at the east of Loch Tay.
The Sheriffmuir kilt doublet is a double-breasted jacket with gauntlet cuffs and a stand collar with no lapels. It is typically worn open with a waistcoat, lace jabot and cuffs. Sheriffmuir lies between Dunblane and Stirling overlooking the Allan Water. In 1715 a battle was fought here between the Jacobites under the Earl of Mar and the Government forces under the Duke of Argyll.
Usage examples of "doublet".
I shall take leave to say that to throw away a new doublet of murry taffeta and a pair of stocks broidered with gold quirks about the ankles, not to make mention of a set of silver aiglets and a pair of trunk hose scarce worn, passeth the bounds of prodigality.
The uniform was as archaistic as tights and a doublet, and much more uncomfortable.
Theodore de Beze wore the dress of a courtier, black silk stockings, low shoes with straps across the instep, tight breeches, a black silk doublet with slashed sleeves, and a small black velvet mantle, over which lay an elegant white fluted ruff.
In plain buffin doublets and kersey stockings and heavy, hobnail shoes, they stood cheek by jowl with artisans in leather jerkins and red Monmouth caps.
I should have liked to have interrogated that caitiff while his gay doublet was yet besmirched with sand.
He might not have his hose and doublet on, but Anne Darner still seemed to find him smashing.
Instantly a burst of hopeful conviction grew in him that this must be a punitive force sent by one of the local Great Houses to put down the uprising that had broken out on the Getfen lands, but then he realized that the motorcycle outriders, though they were helmeted and carried rifles, did not wear the uniforms of any formal peacekeeping-force but rather were clad in a hodgepodge of Folkish dress, jerkins, doublets, overalls, tunics, the clothing of a peasantry that had abruptly been transformed into an improvised militia.
Myles had more than one red stain of warm blood upon doublet and hose, and more than one bandage had been wrapped by Gascoyne and Wilkes about sore wounds.
The autumn night was chilly even though the wind had died, but Morrone felt himself sweating under his mail and arming doublet as he had not since the Battle of the Hooey River.
His black velvet doublet, his knee-length breeches, his high, supple boots, harked just enough to a later period to avoid the inherent ridiculousness of male Elizabethan garb without appearing anachronistic, and his hueless hair seemed warmer in the torchlight, darkened almost to honey.
He had a narrow, knuckly, intelligent face beneath a feathered cap, and he wore a stiff crewelworked doublet that, with its huge shoulders and waistless line, made him look a good deal like a jack of diamonds.
The clothing details, all in black and white and silver, were perfect-embroidery-edged neck and sleeve ruffs, tight-sleeved doublet laced up the front, paned trunk hose, patterned canions, and the netherstocks covered by knee-high cuffed boots.
Sir Nicholas went up the wide stairs two at a time, and found Joshua laying out a doublet and hose of slashed mochado, with netherstocks of carnation silk, and a clean stiff ruff.
His velvet doublet was crushed against her face, the smell of patchouli overwhelming the stinks of smoke and sweat in the air.
Joscelin wore black, reminding me with a pang of Delaunay in his austerity, a chain of square-linked silver glittering on the placket of his doublet, his fair braid like a marque down the center of his back.