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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ The specialty-chemicals company plans to take a fourth-quarter restructuring charge of 28 cents to 30 cents a fully diluted share.
▪ If this also causes aggravation, the remedy can be further diluted in a third cup, and so on.
▪ That water flows into the Sacramento River, where it is further diluted by water from Shasta Dam.
▪ What was 3C is now further diluted 1:50,000.
▪ The effect of this will be to dilute further the value of the company's existing shares.
▪ For each study the aliquot was further diluted in 0.9% NaCl solution.
▪ This solution is then diluted further for use.
▪ The right is further diluted because licences are available as of right during the last five years.
▪ They can detect this flavour even when their home water is diluted to one part in several million.
▪ This would lead to diminished delivery of salt and water to the diluting sites.
▪ Low river flow worsens pollution, since there is less water to dilute sewage and other outflows.
▪ First, delivery of solute and water to the diluting sites is essential.
▪ Sodium nitrite is dissolved in distilled water and diluted to volume.
▪ Add some red wine to dilute the tomato sauce.
▪ Concentrated bleach can be diluted with water.
▪ Continue diluting the tomato sauce with red wine, according to taste.
▪ For babies, dilute the fruit juice with at least the same amount of water.
▪ Opening NATO to new members may dilute its strength.
▪ Pour a little of the antiseptic into a bowl and dilute it before bathing the cut.
▪ Right wing groups are determined to dilute the influence of the trade unions.
▪ They felt that their original aims and demands were being diluted.
▪ To make citron presse, dilute fresh lemon juice with water and add sugar.
▪ But diluting the quality of the performer does nothing to protect the Olympic ideal.
▪ For each study the aliquot was further diluted in 0.9% NaCl solution.
▪ Sixty years down the line, grandad's bravery genes have been seriously diluted.
▪ The river can dilute the small amounts of pollutant discharged by the chemical producer.
▪ They can detect this flavour even when their home water is diluted to one part in several million.
▪ Both provide a measure of chain stiffness in dilute solution.
▪ In a dilute solution in water, it is familiar as a household antiseptic.
▪ In dilute solutions of strong bases or acids, the quantities are comparable, but for weak bases or acids they are not.
▪ An expression for the lowering of vapour pressure for dilute solutions can be derived from Raoult's law.
▪ By assuming in dilute solutions the molar mass can be obtained from the Mark-Houwink relation.
▪ Glucose in dilute solution in sap-water thus passes through internal passages in the plant until it reaches a growing cell.
▪ Try giving the baby diluted fruit juice
▪ A source of some confusion is the patient with polyuria and a dilute urine due to primary polydipsia.
▪ Both provide a measure of chain stiffness in dilute solution.
▪ He came on, walking in the same direction as Rachaela, the dilute snow sparkling in his hat like sequins.
▪ In a dilute solution in water, it is familiar as a household antiseptic.
▪ Some success has been reported in algae control by adding a very dilute copper sulphate or copper citrate solution to the water.
▪ Water is then fed into the hopper and the dilute liquid fed into the sprayer.
▪ When albumin is placed in water, dilute salt solutions, or moderately concentrated salt solutions, it remains soluble.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Dilute \Di*lute"\, v. i. To become attenuated, thin, or weak; as, it dilutes easily.


Dilute \Di*lute"\, a. [L. dilutus, p. p.] Diluted; thin; weak.

A dilute and waterish exposition.


Dilute \Di*lute"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Diluted; p. pr. & vb. n. Diluting.] [L. dilutus, p. p. of diluere to wash away, dilute; di- = dis- + luere, equiv. to lavare to wash, lave. See Lave, and cf. Deluge.]

  1. To make thinner or more liquid by admixture with something; to thin and dissolve by mixing.

    Mix their watery store. With the chyle's current, and dilute it more.

  2. To diminish the strength, flavor, color, etc., of, by mixing; to reduce, especially by the addition of water; to temper; to attenuate; to weaken.

    Lest these colors should be diluted and weakened by the mixture of any adventitious light.
    --Sir I. Newton.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1550s, from Latin dilutus, past participle of diluere "dissolve, wash away, dilute," from dis- "apart" + -luere, comb. form of lavere "to wash" (see lave). Related: Diluted; diluting. As an adjective from c.1600.

  1. 1 Having a low concentration. 2 weak; reduced in strength due to dilution, diluted. v

  2. 1 (context transitive English) To make thinner by adding solvent to a solution; especially by adding water. 2 (context transitive English) To weaken, especially by adding a foreign substance. 3 (context transitive stock market English) To cause the value of individual shares to decrease by increasing the total number of shares. 4 (context intransitive English) To become attenuated, thin, or weak.


adj. reduced in strength or concentration or quality or purity; "diluted alcohol"; "a dilute solution"; "dilute acetic acid" [syn: diluted] [ant: undiluted]

  1. v. lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture; "cut bourbon" [syn: thin, thin out, reduce, cut]

  2. corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones; "adulterate liquor" [syn: adulterate, stretch, debase]

Usage examples of "dilute".

Add 20 grams of sodium acetate, warm, and precipitate the lead with a dilute solution of potassium chromate.

Next add a strong solution of sodium acetate, until the solution ceases to darken on further addition, then dilute with water to half a litre.

Filter off the precipitate and wash with hot water containing a little sodium acetate, dissolve it off the filter with hot dilute hydrochloric acid, add ammonia in excess, and pass sulphuretted hydrogen for five minutes.

After precipitating as ammonic-magnesic phosphate with sodium phosphate, and well washing with ammonia, it is dissolved in dilute hydrochloric acid, neutralised with ammonia, and sodic acetate and acetic acid are added in the usual quantity.

They comprise prussic acid, dilute solution of oxalic acid and oxalates, aconite, digitalis, strophanthus, convallaria, and tobacco.

This agent may be administered in doses of from five to ten drops, largely diluted in water or gruel.

Temporary relief may be given by administering one-quarter of a grain of morphine, or ten to twenty drops of chloroform in a teaspoonful of glycerine, slightly diluted, taken in one dose.

Some assayers advise cleaning by dipping in warm dilute hydrochloric acid followed by washing in water and drying.

Season with paprika or a dash of cayenne, and when thoroughly heated stir in the yolks of two eggs, diluted with a little hot cream.

Those provers who have taken experimentally a tincture made from the wood and bark and leaves of the Blackthorn, all had to complain of sharp pains in the right eyeball and accordingly the diluted tincture is found, when administered in small quantities, to give signal relief for ciliary neuralgia, arising from a functional disorder of the structures within the eyeball.

The purpose of the salts is to prevent coagulation until the blood is diluted with water as in the experiments which follow.

The water dilutes the salts so that coagulation is no longer prevented.

They sagged and bowed, water breaching them in gouts and diluting the riverbed, eddying around the feet of the few remaining strikers, coiling like the gas above it, until with a shiver the Gross Tar reknit itself, healing the little rift that had paralysed it and confused its currents.

Press through a colander and put into a pint of boiling milk, thickened with a tablespoonful each of butter and flour, dilute this with soup stock or chicken broth, and just before taking up add the yolks of two eggs well beaten and two tablespoonfuls of cream.

It is cooled, transferred to a graduated flask, and diluted with water to 200 c.