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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
be considered/deemed essential
▪ During the summer, air conditioning is considered essential.
▪ It was deemed too heavy, but its styling had many admirers.
▪ In the United States, volunteers are shooed away from spill cleanup, deemed too toxic for unprotected citizens.
▪ Staff provide the services that are deemed too lowly for the wife.
▪ Safety requirements that in the past were deemed too expensive deserve fresh reviews.
▪ The evidence he had provided in his report had been deemed too conjectural for the issuing of a search warrant.
▪ And billboards promoting movies deemed violent or risque have their share of critics.
▪ Did those figures improve because of creative bean-counting techniques in which fewer calls are deemed worthy of investigation?
▪ Lastly, they want to give tax advantages to causes deemed worthy, or at least popular.
▪ Quite, the others scoffed, but that did not deem it holy.
▪ Rescheduling was deemed better than default.
▪ The clearing banks, in addition, hold at the Bank whatever operational balances they deem necessary.
▪ The issues the Republicans deem worthy of constitutional protection are a motley lot of special-interest pleadings.
▪ The Rossi style is so revered that construction of an exact copy was deemed presumptuous.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Deem \Deem\, v. i.

  1. To be of opinion; to think; to estimate; to opine; to suppose.

    And deemest thou as those who pore, With aged eyes, short way before?

  2. To pass judgment. [Obs.]


Deem \Deem\, n. Opinion; judgment. [Obs.]


Deem \Deem\ (d[=e]m), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deemed (d[=e]md); p. pr. & vb. n. Deeming.] [OE. demen to judge, condemn, AS. d[=e]man, fr. d[=o]m doom; akin to OFries. d[=e]ma, OS. ad[=o]mian, D. doemen, OHG. tuommen, Icel. d[ae]ma, Sw. d["o]mma, Dan. d["o]mme, Goth. d[=o]mjan. See Doom, n., and cf. Doom, v.]

  1. To decide; to judge; to sentence; to condemn. [Obs.]

    Claudius . . . Was demed for to hang upon a tree.

  2. To account; to esteem; to think; to judge; to hold in opinion; to regard.

    For never can I deem him less him less than god.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Old English deman "to judge, condemn, think, compute," from root of dom (see doom (n.)). Originally "to pronounce judgment" as well as "to form an opinion." The two judges of the Isle of Man were called deemsters in 17c., a title formerly common throughout England and Scotland and preserved in the surname Dempster.


n. An opinion; judgement; surmise. vb. 1 (context transitive obsolete English) To judge; pass judgement on; sentence; doom. 2 (context transitive obsolete English) To adjudge; decree. 3 (context transitive obsolete English) To dispense (justice); administer (law). 4 (context ambitransitive English) To think, judge, or hold as an opinion; decide or believe on consideration; suppose. 5 (context transitive English) To hold in belief or estimation; adjudge as a conclusion; regard as being; evaluate according to one's beliefs; account. 6 (context intransitive English) To have or hold as a (personal) opinion; judge; think.


v. keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view; "take for granted"; "view as important"; "hold these truths to be self-evident"; "I hold him personally responsible" [syn: hold, view as, take for]


Deem is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • George Deem (1932–2008), American artist
  • Michael W. Deem, American biochemist
  • Muriel Helen Deem (1900–1955), New Zealand medical doctor and academic
  • Paul Deem (born 1957), American cyclist
  • Roger Deem, American wrestling photographer
Deem (law)

Deem in law is used to treat something as if it were really something else or it has qualities it does not have.

Deem has been traditionally considered to be a useful word when it is necessary to establish a legal fiction either positively by "deeming" something to be what it is not or negatively by "deeming" something not to be what it is. All other uses of the word should be avoided. Phrases like “if he deems fit”, “as he deems necessary”, or “nothing in this Act shall be deemed to...” are objectionable as unnecessary deviations from common language. "Thinks" or "considers" are preferable in the first two examples and "construed" or "interpreted" in the third.

Usage examples of "deem".

I deem thou hast not come hither to abide her without some token or warrant of her.

Why, Abigail could best nearly any boy in the county at what were deemed masculine pursuits: hunting, riding and climbing trees.

Quite the contrary, proper discipline had to be maintained, and in wartime, with pressed men aboard ship, a firm hand was something he deemed a necessity.

Howbeit he had looked on the King closely and wisely, and deemed that he was both cruel and guileful, so that he rejoiced that he had spoken naught of Ursula, and he was minded to keep her within gates all the while they abode at Cheaping-Knowe.

The latter privilege was deemed to have been abridged by city officials who acted in pursuance of a void ordinance which authorized a director of safety to refuse permits for parades or assemblies on streets or parks whenever he believed riots could thereby be avoided and who forcibly evicted from their city union organizers who sought to use the streets and parks for the aforementioned purposes.

If, after other strategies have failed, acquiescence is deemed to be the optimum response to protect life and reduce physical injury in a given situation, it is important that the victim be comfortable with such a choice and be aware that postassault guilt feelings will probably arise.

If the founder of the Christian religion had deemed belief in the Gospel and a life in accordance with it to be compatible with membership of the Synagogue and observance of the Jewish law, there could at least be no impossibility of adhering to the Gospel within the Catholic Church.

In many such cases those people are deemed by the law to be suffering from a mental disease and are often adjudged insane.

Avall or Eddyn had been deemed worthy not only of adulthood, but of a subcraft-chieftainship, which prompted blank stares from both, then quick denial.

Waned the day and I hied me afield, and thereafter I sat with the mighty when daylight was done, But with great men beside me, midst high-hearted laughter, I deemed me of all men the gainfullest one.

Deeming Harry to be the sort of partner he needed, Alker was giving him inside facts on the Mask situation.

Janos Slynt and Allar Deem, while his sister continued on her savage course.

Chataya has no cause to love the queen, though, and she knows that she has you to thank for ridding her of Allar Deem.

Dempsey, conceded a similar allegation to be correct but did not deem it sufficient to render the trial a nullity.

For similar reasons, the requirements, without excluding other evidence, of a chemical analysis as a condition precedent to a suit to recover damages resulting to crops from allegedly deficient fertilizers is not deemed to be arbitrary or unreasonable.