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The Collaborative International Dictionary
Coca

Coca \Co"ca\, n. [Sp., fr. native name.] The dried leaf of a South American shrub ( Erythroxylon Coca). In med., called Erythroxylon.

Note: Coca leaves resemble tea leaves in size, shape, and odor, and are chewed (with an alkali) by natives of Peru and Bolivia to impart vigor in prolonged exertion, or to sustain strength in absence of food.

Mexican coca, an American herb ( Richardsonia scabra), yielding a nutritious fodder. Its roots are used as a substitute for ipecacuanha.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
coca

South American plant, 1570s, from Spanish coca, from Quechua cuca, which is perhaps ultimately from Aymara, a native language of Bolivia.

Wiktionary
coca

acr. (context linguistics English) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpus%20of%20Contemporary%20American%20English.

WordNet
coca
  1. n. a South American shrub whose leaves are chewed by natives of the Andes; a source of cocaine [syn: Erythroxylon coca]

  2. United States comedienne who starred in early television shows with Sid Caesar (1908-2001) [syn: Imogene Coca]

  3. dried leaves of the coca plant (and related plants that also contain cocaine); chewed by Andean people for their simulating effect

Wikipedia
Coca

Coca is any of the four cultivated plants in the family Erythroxylaceae, native to western South America.

The plant is grown as a cash crop in Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, even in areas where its cultivation is unlawful. There are some reports that the plant is being cultivated in the south of Mexico as a cash crop and an alternative to smuggling its recreational product cocaine. It also plays a role in many traditional Andean cultures as well as the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (see Traditional uses). Coca is known throughout the world for its psychoactive alkaloid, cocaine. The alkaloid content of coca leaves is low, between 0.25% and 0.77%. This means that chewing the leaves or drinking coca tea does not produce the high ( euphoria, megalomania, depression) people experience with cocaine. Coca leaf extract had been used in Coca-Cola products since 1885, with cocaine being completely eliminated from the products on or around 1929. Extraction of cocaine from coca requires several solvents and a chemical process known as an acid/base extraction, which can fairly easily extract the alkaloids from the plant.

Coca (disambiguation)
  • Coca may refer to any of the four cultivated plants which belong to the family Erythroxylaceae.

Coca may also refer to:

  • Coca tea, a beverage made from coca leaves
  • Coca wine or Mariani wine is an alcoholic wine made from the coca plant
  • Coca Sek, a short-lived carbonated drink from Colombia that contained coca
  • Coca Colla, a Bolivian soft drink that contains extract of the coca leaf created to rival Coca-Cola
  • Coca eradication, a controversial part of the United States' War on Drugs policy
  • Coca flour, a dietary supplement made from the ground leaves of the coca plant.
  • People:
    • Eugen Coca, Moldovian composer and violinist
    • Imogene Coca (1908–2001), comic actress
    • Fat Joe, who uses Coca as a nickname
  • Places:
    • Coca de Alba, a town in Salamanca, Spain
    • Coca, Segovia, a town in Segovia, Spain
    • Pizzo Coca, the highest point of Bergamo Alps, Italy
    • Coca, a village in Călineşti-Oaş Commune, Satu Mare County, Romania
    • Coca River, a river in Ecuador
    • Coca, an alternative name for the city of Puerto Francisco de Orellana, Ecuador
  • Other:
    • Coca (pastry), a typical Catalan pizza-like dish
    • Coca people, an indigenous people of the Mexican state of Jalisco
    • Coca-Cola, an internationally marketed soft drink
    • Coheed and Cambria, a rock band often called "CoCa" by fans

COCA may refer to:

  • Concerto Copenhagen or Concerto Copenhagen, an orchestra based in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • C.O.C.A. or Conference On Crack and Cocaine, British charity
  • Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation, abbreviated "COCA"
  • COCA, the Corpus of Contemporary American English

CoCA may refer to:

  • Centre of Contemporary Art, Christchurch, New Zealand
Coca (pastry)

The coca is a pastry typically made and consumed in territories of Catalan culture.

The coca is just one way of preparing a dish traditionally made all around the Mediterranean.

Usage examples of "coca".

Over a century after coca was taxed by the clergy, we still find reports of its satanic influences, and it is just such reports that, blindly cited by later commentators, would help to propagate the myth of coca chewing as a dangerous, addictive habit - a myth that survives to this day.

Ironically, coca, the one that had first piqued his imagination, was the last to have its alkaloid isolated.

Of course, he was writing about coca, not cocaine, but the moment the alkaloid was isolated from the leaf they were assumed to be one and the same.

As in Bolivia, the collapse fuelled the cocaine economy as out-of-work labourers relocated in search of employment and found that coca cultivation was about as good a job as they could get.

When first she left me alone in this dispensary, I took an inventory that showed: guaiacum, sarsaparilla, lobelia, puc-coon, cohosh, coca, jalap, cinchona, as well as balsams and herbs both indigenous and otherwise, had via her gardens or the mails, in which she so actively engaged.

Rumor has it that this outfit controls huge chunks of coca production in Peru, cocaine manufacture in Colombia, smuggling in the Guajira, and distribution in the United States.

So will marijuana, magic mushrooms, coca shrubs, dilly beans, pseudopoon, rakka, hebenon, and a host of other recreational narcotic plants.

ENACO office I ran into a local farmer named Moises, who was declaring his coca.

Cokles or Oisters, in their shelles, and they doe burne them and grinde them, and after they are burned they remaine like Lime, verie small grounde, and they take the leves of the Coca, and they chawe them in their Mouthes, and as they goe champing, they goe mingling with it of that pouder made of the shelles in suche sorte, that they make it like to a Paste, taking lesse of the pouder than of the Hearbe, and of this Paste they make certaine smalle Bawles rounde, and they put them to drie, and when they will use of them, they take a little Ball in their mouthe, and they chawe hym: passing hym from one parte to an other, procuring to conserve hym all that they can, and that beyng doen, they doe retourne to take an other, and so they goe, using of it all the tyme that they have neede, whiche is when they travaill by the waie and especially if it be by waies where is no meate, or lacke of water.

When the Pure Food and Drug Act had been passed in 1906 the authorities were already confused, drafting a law that ensured that coca wines and other preparations containing the leaf were banned, while apparently forgetting that cocaine itself could be bought over the counter at any chemist in theUnited States.

Pure Food and Drug Act also failed to legislate against the sale of cocaine itself: while the makers of coca wines and cordials went bankrupt, it was still possible to walk into a drug store in certain states of theUSand buy pure cocaine hydrochloride for no other reason than that you wanted to.

In fact the police themselves used to wrap coca leaf around sugar lumps and suck away: they believed it would make them macho and virile.

The French botanist Weddell thought that coca contained some kind of mild stimulant such as theine, or perhaps even caffeine.

The coca leaves are grown in Peru and Bolivia, then flown or shipped down the Amazon to Leticia and transported to factories in the Trapezoid, where cocaine is made.

Atahualpa is said by Sarmiento and Yamqui Pachacuti to have been an illegitimate son of Huayna Ccapac by Tocto Coca his cousin, of the ayllu of Pachacuti.