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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Flews \Flews\, n. pl. The pendulous or overhanging lateral parts of the upper lip of dogs, especially prominent in hounds; -- called also chaps. See Illust. of Bloodhound.


Chaparajos \Cha`pa*ra"jos\, n. pl. [Mex. Sp.] Overalls of sheepskin or leather, usually open at the back, worn, esp. by cowboys, to protect the legs from thorny bushes, as in the chaparral; -- called also chapareras or colloq. chaps. [Sp. Amer.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] ||

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1844, American English, short for chaparejos, from Mexican Spanish chaparreras, overalls worn to protect from chaparro (see chaparral).


"jaws, cheeks," from chap (n.), 1550s, of unknown origin. Hence, chap-fallen (1590s).


n. (context British English) (acronym of clearing house automated payment system dot=: English) a method of same-day banking transfer.


The Clearing House Automated Payment System or CHAPS is a British company established in London in February 1984, which offers same-day sterling fund transfers.

A CHAPS transfer is initiated by the sender to move money to the recipient's account (at another banking institution) where the funds need to be available (cleared) the same working day. Unlike with a bank giro credit, no pre-printed slip specifying the recipient's details is required. Unlike cheques, the funds transfer is performed in real-time removing the issue of float or the potential for payments to be purposely stopped by the sender, or returned due to insufficient funds, even after they appear to have arrived in the destination account.

CHAPS is used by twenty direct participants including the Bank of England and over 4,500 indirect participants (who process transactions via agency arrangements with direct participants). In its first year of operation, average daily transactions numbered 7,000 with an annual value of £5 billion sterling. In 2004, twenty years later, average daily transactions numbered 130,000 with an annual value of £300 billion sterling. In 2010 there were 32 million CHAPS transactions totalling over £61 trillion, down from £73 trillion in 2008.

CHAPS used to offer euro fund transfers as a member of the EU-area settlement system TARGET, but this service closed on 16 May 2008. The total value of these in 2007 was £57 trillion.

As well as making transfers originated by banks themselves, CHAPS is frequently used by businesses for high-value payments to suppliers, by mortgage lenders issuing advances, and by solicitors and conveyancers on behalf of individuals buying houses.

CHAPS (health organisation)

CHAPS (formerly the Community HIV/AIDS Prevention Strategy) is a partnership of UK gay men's health promotion organisations. It is currently funded to operate in England and Wales by the Department of Health and is administered by Terrence Higgins Trust.

The partnership is primarily concerned with producing sexual health promotion campaigns, information booklets and web resources for use by homosexually active men and support material on sexual health topics for use by health professionals.

Chaps (disambiguation)

Chaps may refer to:

  • Chaps, protective clothing for the legs
  • The Brothers Chaps, creators of the Homestar Runner series of animated cartoons
  • A men's-, women's-, children's-wear and homewares brand of Polo Ralph Lauren
  • The plural of the shortened name for a Chaparral, or roadrunner.
  • Mascot of Westlake High School (Texas).
  • Chaplains in the United States Navy

CHAPS may refer to:

  • CHAPS, Clearing House Automated Payment System, a British financial company
  • CHAPS, Combined heat and power solar.
  • CHAPS (health organisation), the Community HIV and Aids Prevention Strategy, a partnership of UK organisations promoting gay men's health
  • CHAPS detergent, zwitterionic detergent used in the laboratory to solubilize biological macromolecules such as proteins

Usage examples of "chaps".

The chaps often used to drop round and have a yarn with Bogan and cheer him up, and one evening I was sitting smoking with him, and yarning about old times, when he got very quiet all of a sudden, and I saw a tear drop from under one of his shutters and roll down his cheek.

Hank had worked on the gear for the broncs and bulls, rewired the lights, repaired the PA system, found a barrel for the rodeo clown, tied the numbered collars on the team penning cattle and, finally, got into his chaps for the bull riding.

No sign of Miss Woodworth or Miss Brooks had been seen anywhere in the city, according to the chaps who roamed the docks and Covent Garden area.

He was so manifestly a bird who, having failed to score in the first chukker, would turn the thing up and spend the rest of his life brooding over his newts and growing long grey whiskers, like one of those chaps you read about in novels, who live in the great white house you can just see over there through the trees and shut themselves off from the world and have pained faces.

By the hoky fiddle, thanks be to Jesus those funny little chaps are not unanimous.

I might be able to arrange with Honnister to have one of his chaps at the hospital if I ask him nicely enough.

Penny and Professor Lumsden looked very professional in white laboratory coats, like the chaps who sell toothpaste in TV ads.

Now a bacterium is a bacterium and a mouse is a mammal, but our little chaps are part bacterium and part mammal.

It was only when he offered to let one of my forensic chaps look at the vault that I accepted the fact.

This morning, round about six o'clock, some chaps came along to open up the place, and they saw an old brown canvas trunk lying in the roadway where the dead end opens off the main street.

Last I've heard is that our chaps there saw nobody about in the night, and Colborn hasn't gone away yet.

How could he go up to Oxford now amongst all those chaps, those splendid friends of Crum's, who would know that his father was a 'bounder'!

I say, one of these days we shall have to fight these chaps, they're getting so damned cheeky--all radicals and socialists.

Some confounded Frenchman--one of those 'Bel Ami' chaps, perhaps, who had nothing to do but hang about women--for he had read that book with difficulty and a sort of disgusted fascination.

There's a good spot in most chaps, I b'lieve, Jimmy, an' I guess there's one in Carrots, if I can only find it.