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chain reaction
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
chain reaction
▪ Interstate 35 was closed following a chain reaction crash that involved 93 vehicles.
▪ The atom splits, starting a nuclear chain reaction.
▪ Bombs in the magazine detonate in chain reaction in a split second.
▪ In a chain reaction on a world scale, prices on innumerable commodities skyrocketed within weeks.
▪ Instability would spread like a chain reaction.
▪ Products of the chain reaction were fractionated by size in agarose gels to detect the presence of insertions or deletions.
▪ The authorities have so far managed to prevent a chain reaction.
▪ The demise of Woosung could have a chain reaction on other subcontractors relying on a government helping hand, analysts said.
▪ This is the famous nuclear chain reaction.
chain reaction

n. 1 (context physics English) A nuclear reaction in which particles produced by the fission of one atom trigger fissions of other atoms. 2 (context idiomatic English) A series of events, each one causing the next.

chain reaction
  1. n. a series of chemical reactions in which the product of one is a reactant in the next

  2. a self-sustaining nuclear reaction; a series of nuclear fissions in which neutrons released by splitting one atom leads to the splitting of others

Chain reaction

A chain reaction is a sequence of reactions where a reactive product or by-product causes additional reactions to take place. In a chain reaction, positive feedback leads to a self-amplifying chain of events.

Chain reactions are one way in which systems which are in thermodynamic non-equilibrium can release energy or increase entropy in order to reach a state of higher entropy. For example, a system may not be able to reach a lower energy state by releasing energy into the environment, because it is hindered or prevented in some way from taking the path that will result in the energy release. If a reaction results in a small energy release making way for more energy releases in an expanding chain, then the system will typically collapse explosively until much or all of the stored energy has been released.

A macroscopic metaphor for chain reactions is thus a snowball causing a larger snowball until finally an avalanche results (" snowball effect"). This is a result of stored gravitational potential energy seeking a path of release over friction. Chemically, the equivalent to a snow avalanche is a spark causing a forest fire. In nuclear physics, a single stray neutron can result in a prompt critical event, which may be finally be energetic enough for a nuclear reactor meltdown or (in a bomb) a nuclear explosion.

Chain Reaction (game show)

Chain Reaction is an American game show created by Bob Stewart, in which players compete to form chains composed of two-word phrases.

The show has aired four separate runs: Bill Cullen hosted the original series on NBC from January 14 to June 20, 1980. The second version aired on the USA Network from September 29, 1986 to December 27, 1991 and was hosted first by Blake Emmons and later by Geoff Edwards. A third version on GSN aired from August 1, 2006 until June 9, 2007, hosted by Dylan Lane. A fourth version, also on GSN, was announced on January 26, 2015, with Vincent Rubino as executive producer and hosted by Mike Catherwood. Forty episodes have been ordered for this version, which started airing on July 16, 2015.

Chain Reaction (film)

Chain Reaction is a 1996 American science fiction thriller film directed by Andrew Davis, starring Keanu Reeves, Morgan Freeman, Rachel Weisz, Fred Ward, Kevin Dunn and Brian Cox. It presents a fictional account of the invention of a new non-contaminating power source based on hydrogen and the attempts by the United States Government to prevent the spreading of this technology. The film was released in the United States on August 2, 1996.

Chain reaction (disambiguation)

A chain reaction is a sequence of reactions where a reactive product or by-product causes additional reactions to take place.

Chain reaction or The Chain reaction may also refer to:

Chain Reaction (Luba album)

Chain Reaction is the only album by Canadian band Luba featuring Luba Kowalchyk as vocalist. It was produced by Tony Green for his own label. The album contains songs in the early New Wave music style. It was made available on compact disc in 1996.

Note that initially Luba was the name of the band and not Luba Kowalchyk's stage name. In 1982, Luba Kowalchyk was signed by Capitol Records as the artist Luba and the remaining members served as her backup band.

Chain Reaction (horse)

Chain Reaction (foaled 1950 in Ontario) was a Canadian Thoroughbred racehorse who in 1953 won two of the three races that would become part of the Canadian Triple Crown series and who set and equaled two track records.

Chain Reaction (The Crusaders album)

Chain Reaction is a 1975 album by jazz-fusion band The Crusaders.

Chain Reaction (radio)

Chain Reaction (nicknamed "the tag-team talk show") is a hostless chat show first broadcast on BBC Radio 5 in 1991, and then revived on BBC Radio 4 in 2005. Each week an individual from the world of entertainment selects someone that they would like to interview. This interviewee goes on to be the next week's interviewer.

The first series comprised four programmes broadcast on Radio 5 on successive nights starting on New Year's Eve 31 December 1991, with the following guests:

  • Ralph Steadman interviewing John Cleese
  • John Cleese interviewing William Goldman
  • William Goldman interviewing Ian McKellen
  • Ian McKellen interviewing Glenys Kinnock

The first revived series comprised six episodes, with the following guests:

  • Jenny Eclair interviewing Jimmy Carr
  • Jimmy Carr interviewing Matt Lucas
  • Matt Lucas interviewing Johnny Vegas
  • Johnny Vegas interviewing Stewart Lee
  • Stewart Lee interviewing Alan Moore
  • Alan Moore interviewing Brian Eno

The second series comprised six episodes, with the following guests:

  • Jo Brand interviewing Barry Cryer
  • Barry Cryer interviewing Mark Thomas
  • Mark Thomas interviewing Alexei Sayle
  • Alexei Sayle interviewing Lenny Henry
  • Lenny Henry interviewing Bill Bailey
  • Bill Bailey interviewing Simon Pegg

The third series comprised six episodes, with the following guests:

  • Marcus Brigstocke interviewing Clive Anderson
  • Clive Anderson interviewing John Lloyd
  • John Lloyd interviewing Phill Jupitus
  • Phill Jupitus interviewing John Hegley
  • John Hegley interviewing Jack Dee
  • Jack Dee interviewing Jeremy Hardy

The fourth series comprises four episodes, with the following guests:

  • Catherine Tate interviewing David Tennant
  • David Tennant interviewing Richard Wilson
  • Richard Wilson interviewing Arabella Weir
  • Arabella Weir interviewing Paul Whitehouse

The fifth series comprises six episodes, with the following guests:

  • Robert Llewellyn interviewing Dave Gorman
  • Dave Gorman interviewing Frank Skinner
  • Frank Skinner interviewing Eddie Izzard
  • Eddie Izzard interviewing Alastair Campbell
  • Alastair Campbell interviewing Alistair McGowan
  • Alistair McGowan interviewing Simon Callow

The sixth series began on Friday 13 August 2010, with the following guests:

  • Ronni Ancona interviewing Lee Mack
  • Lee Mack interviewing Adrian Edmondson
  • Adrian Edmondson interviewing Ruby Wax
  • Ruby Wax interviewing Harry Shearer
  • Harry Shearer interviewing Stephen Merchant
  • Stephen Merchant interviewing Jarvis Cocker

The seventh series began on Friday 29 July 2011, with the following guests:

  • Rhys Thomas interviewing Simon Day
  • Simon Day interviewing Peter Hook
  • Peter Hook interviewing John Cooper Clarke
  • John Cooper Clarke interviewing Kevin Eldon
  • Kevin Eldon interviewing Mark Steel
  • Mark Steel interviewing Barry Davies

The eighth series began on Friday 27 July 2012, with the following guests:

  • Jeremy Front interviewing his sister Rebecca Front
  • Rebecca Front interviewing Chris Addison
  • Chris Addison interviewing Derren Brown
  • Derren Brown interviewing Tim Minchin
  • Tim Minchin interviewing Caitlin Moran
  • Caitlin Moran interviewing Jennifer Saunders

The ninth series began on Friday 27 December 2013, with the following guests:

  • Terry Christian interviewing Kevin Bridges
  • Kevin Bridges interviewing Frankie Boyle
  • Frankie Boyle interviewing Grant Morrison
  • Grant Morrison interviewing Neil Innes
  • Neil Innes interviewing Graham Linehan
  • Graham Linehan interviewing Adam Buxton.

The tenth series began on Wednesday 18 February 2015, with the following guests:

  • Adam Buxton interviewing Reece Shearsmith
  • Reece Shearsmith interviewing Bob Mortimer
  • Bob Mortimer interviewing Vic Reeves
  • Vic Reeves interviewing Olivia Colman
  • Olivia Colman interviewing Sharon Horgan
  • Sharon Horgan interviewing Dennis Kelly

The eleventh series began on Wednesday 24 February 2016, with the following guests:

  • Ed Byrne interviewing Al Murray
  • Al Murray interviewing Ian Hislop
  • Ian Hislop interviewing Victoria Coren Mitchell
  • Victoria Coren Mitchell interviewing Sandi Toksvig
  • Sandi Toksvig interviewing Roy Hudd
  • Roy Hudd interviewing Alison Steadman

The theme music is 'I Do Not Fear Jazz' by Big Strides.

Chain Reaction (Diana Ross song)

"Chain Reaction" is a melodic R&B song, sung by Diana Ross, and written by the Bee Gees, who also provided the backing vocals for the single. The track was released on the album Eaten Alive in 1985 and as a single twice - in 1985 and again in 1986.

According to the Gibbs biography, the brothers had initial reservations about offering the song to Ross in case it was too Motown-like for her.

The single became Diana's second #1 hit in the UK Singles Chart. The song also hit #1 in Australia and was the top selling single of the year (1986) in that country, also reaching the top of the charts in Zimbabwe. In New Zealand, it peaked at No. 3 and also made the top 5 in South Africa. In 1993, the song broke the UK top 20 again (also breaking the top 40 in Ireland and France) when it was re-released to commemorate her 30th anniversary in show business.

The song fared poorly in the US where it initially peaked at a disappointing #95 on the Billboard Hot 100 late in 1985. A few months later, a remixed version of the song was issued as a single (Ross performed this version of the song on the American Music Awards, which she hosted that year). The new version re-entered the chart and performed better, but with the diminished momentum, it stalled at #66 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #77 on Cash Box. More than thirty years later, the song remains Diana Ross' final appearance on both charts.

Chain Reaction (1960s band)

Chain Reaction, also known as The Strangeurs, was an American pop band from Yonkers, New York. They had two singles and were most notable for having lead singer Steven Tallarico ( Steven Tyler, as he would later come to be known). They started off as the Strangers, until finding a group who already had that name, switching to The Strangeurs as a result. After a line-up change they changed their name to Chain Reaction.

Chain Reaction performed in concert as the opening act for such groups as The Beach Boys, The Byrds and The Yardbirds. The band's 1966 song "When I Needed You" appeared on Aerosmith's 1991 compilation box set album Pandora's Box.

Chain Reaction (Cuban Link album)

On August 16, 2005, Cuban Link released his official debut album "Chain Reaction" independently on his new label, M.O.B. Records. "Chain Reaction" boasts production from producers such as Swizz Beatz, Mr. Porter and others while featured guest artists include Avant, Don Omar, Zion, Cap 1, Mya, Jadakiss and Syleena Johnson. The CD was packaged as an "enhanced CD" with music videos, pictures and a teaser to his future DVD release, "Tale From the Bronx."

1. My Story

2. Chain Reaction

3. No Mercy (Ft. The Game)

4. Comin’ Home With Me (Ft. Avant & Swizz Beatz)

5. Riderz (Ft. Cap 1)

6. Scandalous (feat. Don Omar)

7. Sugar Daddy (feat. Mya)

8. Tonight’s The Night

9. Private Party

10. Dirty Karaoke Skit

11. I Need To Know

12. No Falla (feat. Zion)

13. Shakedown

14. Talk About It (feat. Jadakiss)

15. Life Goes On (feat. Syleena Johnson)

16. Prison Wisdom

17. Letter To Punolo

Chain Reaction (record label)

Chain Reaction was a German record label founded in 1995 by Basic Channel members Moritz Von Oswald and Mark Ernestus. The label's output consisted of the extended friends and family of the Basic Channel duo, which centered on the Hard Wax record store in Berlin.

The label's sound focused on a similar minimal and dub techno style as that of Basic Channel, rooted in atmospherics and minimalism, but some have found Chain Reaction's output to be "more avant-experimental".

Notable atists that have released records on the label include Monolake, Porter Ricks, Vainqueur and Fluxion.

The last record on the label was released in 2003.

Chain Reaction (John Farnham album)

Chain Reaction is a studio album by Australian singer John Farnham. The album was released in Australia on 24 September 1990. Chain Reaction was the highest selling album in Australia in 1990 and debuted at #1 on the ARIA charts in September and was certified 8x Platinum.

The album featured four singles, the first three singles yielded top 10 status, with "Chain Reaction" reaching #3 in August, "That's Freedom" at #5 in September and "Burn For You" reaching #5 in December. A fourth single was also released in early 1991 titled "In Days To Come," which peaked at #41.

This album was promoted by a nationwide tour titled, "The Chain Reaction Tour," which provided a televised performance at Flinders Park National Tennis Centre in Melbourne in 1990. This performance aired on Australia's Channel Seven, and was released shortly after as a VHS video cassette. This cassette was re-released as a DVD on 13 November 2005.

Chain Reaction (sculpture)

Chain Reaction is a peace monument and public art sculpture composed of a metal framework of stainless steel and fiberglass surrounded by concrete, depicting a mushroom cloud created by a nuclear explosion. Designed by American editorial cartoonist Paul Conrad and built by Peter M. Carlson, the 5.5-ton, 8-meter (26-foot) high sculpture was installed in 1991 adjacent to the Santa Monica Civic Center in Santa Monica, California.

An inscription at the base of the sculpture reads, "This is a statement of peace. May it never become an epitaph." The theme of the sculpture reflects the subject of nuclear disarmament. UCLA professor Paul Von Blum places the sculpture in the category of late 20th and early 21st century contemporary American public political artwork in the tradition of commemorative works throughout the United States, calling the work "a powerful warning about the continuing dangers of nuclear war".

Conrad first expressed interest in building the sculpture in either Beverly Hills or Santa Monica in 1988. He built the sculpture with the help of an anonymous donation of $250,000 and donated the sculpture to the city of Santa Monica after it was approved by the city. It was later revealed that the donation came from philanthropist Joan Kroc, widow of Ray Kroc, the founder of the McDonald's corporation. Joan Kroc spent millions campaigning for nuclear disarmament in the 1980s. In 2012, the sculpture became the first work of public art designated as a historic landmark in the City of Santa Monica.

Usage examples of "chain reaction".

He told me there would be this big event, this precipitating event, which would set off a chain reaction that would set America back on course.

Containment fields ruptured, matter met antimatter, and a deadly chain reaction tore through every warhead aboard the targeted ships.

He knew that all you had to do was stimulate atoms to get a chain reaction going.

It's sort of a chain reaction, with me on the end and nobody to pass it along to.

I should be able to get a high positive 'k' factor on the chain reaction-if it works at all.

It was all the human race needed -- a chance to use what could turn into a self-sustaining chain reaction.

Something had attacked the shop, powerful enough to set off a chain reaction in the protec­.