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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a bronze medal (=for third place)
▪ Morrell took the bronze medal in the long jump.
a marble/stone/bronze etc statue
▪ a magnificent marble statue of Frederick the Great
a stone/marble/bronze etc sculpture (=made of stone, marble etc)
▪ Opposite the chapel is a bronze sculpture of Cardinal Schwarzenberg.
Bronze Age
bronze medal
▪ The bronze medal went to Nool of Estonia.
the Bronze Age (=the period of time, between about 6,000 and 4,000 years ago, when bronze was used for making tools, weapons etc)
▪ A small bronze of Flora has been found near the villa.
▪ A number of small bronze figurines have been found in several locations in southern Britain.
▪ Other works start at £2,500 and include drawings, small animal bronzes, paper cut-outs and massive plaster heads.
▪ The River Thames got so low at Wallingford archeologists uncovered a submerged bronze age jetty.
▪ The Barbarians were knocking about in the late bronze age and iron age.
▪ The Way runs next to one of the best preserved bronze age enclosures on Dartmoor at Grimspound.
▪ They have three world bronze medals between them, both brothers being in last year's eight.
▪ The horse is immortalised by a life size bronze statue at Aintree, presented by Seagram.
▪ After the artist's death 28 examples were cast in bronze, only 11 of which now remain in private hands.
▪ They were cast in solid bronze, apparently by the cire perdue method.
▪ At that speed their controls would have locked solid, as if cast in bronze.
▪ Considerable technical skills were needed to make the bronzes, but the metalworkers used a very small range of techniques.
▪ A heron or crane had been made out of solid bronze by an artist commissioned by the cultural society.
▪ The coin is made from copper bronze but has no patina.
▪ By alloying tin with copper to make bronze we obtain a metal which is much tougher than copper alone.
▪ If made of bronze and gilded, it is possibly a knife or dagger pommel.
▪ Four years ago in Barcelona, a team that included Miller, Dawes and Strug took the team bronze.
▪ She took third on the 10-meter tower, where she won the bronze in Barcelona.
▪ The only other previous success was in 1978 when Jennie Loriston-Clarke won an individual bronze in the world championships at Goodwood.
the Bronze Age
▪ Bodies, in the form of George Segal's newest bronzes, fill Janis this month and most of next.
▪ Creatures, men and women and things, of bronze and marble, breathe the same air as we do.
▪ Excellent plates show every conceivable aspect from his stamp to gilt bronzes and immaculate carving.
▪ Later on, of course, there were even more of these unofficial bronzes in circulation.
▪ Old methods of producing metals such as silver, bronze and iron involved the use of lead.
▪ The dining room is small and efficient, with walls of polished bronze, mirrors, and tiny paintings of impressionist landscapes.
▪ These dies were usually made of bronze or steel, and bore the design in intaglio.
▪ As prehistory, these are typically based on sequences ranging from palaeolithic stone axes through bronze age pottery to iron age swords.
▪ He's a rare well preserved example of a person originally thought to be from the bronze age.
▪ Contrary to our knowledge today, this last was considered to be less civilized than the bronze age that preceded it.
▪ There were important trading links between Crete and its neighbours in the neolithic and early bronze age.
▪ He won a bronze medal for Britain in the 1952 Olympics.
▪ She had not competed well in the 100 meters, earning a bronze medal when gold had been her goal.
▪ My first Olympic final; the bronze medal.
▪ He was beaten by both Kubacki and Grigory Veritchev, the 1987 Soviet world champion, who both captured bronze medals.
▪ She took the bronze medal at the 1995 Pan Am Games.
▪ Caines claimed the 400m title and Lewis-Francis took the bronze medal in the 60m with a world junior record.
▪ The winner was assured a bronze medal and had a chance at winning gold.
▪ The defending champions ended up second, the bronze medalists fifth.
▪ Mary Ann Grabavoy and Cynthia Potter, a 1976 bronze medalist, will run the show.
▪ Aren Nielsen, bronze medalist the last two years, was never a contender and finished eighth.
▪ But inter-county rivalry will be of secondary importance for the 23-year-old World Student Games bronze medallist.
▪ The store's bronze sculpture gives customers an insight into the history of Frome.
▪ Likewise a bronze sculpture is considered an outgrowth of the wax or plaster model from which it is cast.
▪ His bronze sculptures have the appearance of objects retrieved after many centuries on the sea bed.
▪ Now the group has helped pay for a bronze sculpture in memory of the navvies.
▪ It is believed that the temple once contained a bronze statue of Venus, which was later moved to the banqueting House.
▪ In the Roman Imperial period copper and bronze statues and silver and bronze jewellery were commonly gilded.
▪ Him reaching up to pat a big bronze statue of himself on the shoulder.
▪ There is also an equestrian bronze statue of St George, for which Plecnik designed the base.
▪ A small bronze statue of a ballet dancer was sold for £7,703,500 in an auction at Sotheby's in London.
▪ The series of bronze statuettes is paralleled by terracottas, slighter, poorer work as a rule but some very fine.
▪ Silver cups, bronze statuettes, rose bowls, shields and medallions filled every conceivable space.
bronze skin
▪ But inter-county rivalry will be of secondary importance for the 23-year-old World Student Games bronze medallist.
▪ In several instances hearths associated with workshop waste products were found, particularly for the production of glass beads and bronze jewellery.
▪ Lightning from the storm had cut off the electricity and the cell was illuminated by a bronze dish filled with flickering candles.
▪ She took the bronze medal at the 1995 Pan Am Games.
▪ The defending champions ended up second, the bronze medalists fifth.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Bronze \Bronze\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Bronzed; p. pr. & vb. n. Bronzing.] [Cf. F. bronzer. See Bronze, n.]

  1. To give an appearance of bronze to, by a coating of bronze powder, or by other means; to make of the color of bronze; as, to bronze plaster casts; to bronze coins or medals.

    The tall bronzed black-eyed stranger.
    --W. Black.

  2. To make hard or unfeeling; to brazen.

    The lawer who bronzes his bosom instead of his forehead.
    --Sir W. Scott.

    Bronzed skin disease. (Pathol.) See Addison's disease.


Bronze \Bronze\, n. [F. bronze, fr. It. bronzo brown, fr. OHG. br?n, G. braun. See Brown, a.]

  1. An alloy of copper and tin, to which small proportions of other metals, especially zinc, are sometimes added. It is hard and sonorous, and is used for statues, bells, cannon, etc., the proportions of the ingredients being varied to suit the particular purposes. The varieties containing the higher proportions of tin are brittle, as in bell metal and speculum metal.

  2. A statue, bust, etc., cast in bronze.

    A print, a bronze, a flower, a root.

  3. A yellowish or reddish brown, the color of bronze; also, a pigment or powder for imitating bronze.

  4. Boldness; impudence; ``brass.''

    Imbrowned with native bronze, lo! Henley stands.

    Aluminium bronze. See under Aluminium.

    Bronze age, an age of the world which followed the stone age, and was characterized by the use of implements and ornaments of copper or bronze.

    Bronze powder, a metallic powder, used with size or in combination with painting, to give the appearance of bronze, gold, or other metal, to any surface.

    Phosphor bronze & Silicious bronze or Silicium bronze are made by adding phosphorus and silicon respectively to ordinary bronze, and are characterized by great tenacity.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1721, "alloy of copper and tin," from French bronze, from Italian bronzo, from Medieval Latin bronzium. Perhaps cognate (via notion of color) with Venetian bronza "glowing coals," or German brunst "fire." Perhaps influenced by Latin Brundisium the Italian town of Brindisi (Pliny writes of aes Brundusinum). Perhaps ultimately from Persian birinj "copper."\n

\nIn Middle English, the distinction between bronze (copper-tin alloy) and brass (copper-zinc alloy) was not clear, and both were called bras. A bronze medal was given to a third-place finisher since at least 1852. The archaeological Bronze Age (1865) falls between the Stone and Iron ages, and is a reference to the principal material for making weapons and ornaments.


1640s, literally, 1726 figuratively, from French bronzer (16c.) or else from bronze (n.). Related: Bronzed; bronzing. Meaning "to make to be bronze in color" is from 1792.

  1. 1 Made of bronze metal. 2 Having a reddish-brown colour. 3 (lb en of the skin) tanned; darkened as a result of exposure to the sun. n. 1 (context uncountable English) A natural or man-made alloy of copper, usually of tin, but also with one or more other metals. 2 (context countable and uncountable English) A reddish-brown colour, the colour of bronze. 3 (context countable English) A work of art made of bronze, especially a sculpture. 4 A bronze medal. 5 Boldness; impudence; brass. v

  2. 1 (context transitive English) To plate with bronze. 2 (context transitive English) To color bronze. 3 (context intransitive of the skin English) To change to a bronze or tan colour due to exposure to the sun. 4 (context transitive English) To make hard or unfeeling; to brazen.

  1. adj. of the color of bronze [syn: bronzy]

  2. made from or consisting of bronze

  1. n. an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements; also any copper-base alloy containing other elements in place of tin

  2. a sculpture made of bronze

  1. v. give the color and appearance of bronze to something; "bronze baby shoes"

  2. get a tan, from wind or sun [syn: tan]

Bronze (color)

At right is displayed the color bronze. Bronze is a metallic brown color which resembles the actual alloy bronze.

The first recorded use of bronze as a color name in English was in 1753.

Bronze (horse)

Bronze (1803 – July 1827) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare who won the classic Oaks Stakes at Epsom Downs Racecourse in 1806. Bronze's classic win left her unbeaten in three starts, but her subsequent racing career was undistinguished: in eighteen more races she recorded only three wins, two of which were at relatively minor tracks. After being retired to stud in 1809 she proved to be a highly successful and influential broodmare, whose direct descendants have won many important races up to the present day.


Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon. These additions produce a range of alloys that may be harder than copper alone, or have other useful properties, such as stiffness, ductility or machinability.

The archeological period where bronze was the hardest metal in widespread use is known as the Bronze Age. In the ancient Near East this began with the rise of Sumer in the 4th millennium BC, with India and China starting to use bronze around the same time; everywhere it gradually spread across regions. The Bronze Age was followed by the Iron Age starting from about 1300 BC and reaching most of Eurasia by about 500 BC, though bronze continued to be much more widely used than it is in modern times.

Because historical pieces were often made of brasses (copper and zinc) and bronzes with different compositions, modern museum and scholarly descriptions of older objects increasingly use the more inclusive term " copper alloy" instead.

Bronze (racial classification)

Bronze race is a term used since early 20th-century by Latin American writers of the indigenista and americanista schools to refer to the mestizo population that arose in the Americas with the arrival of Latin European (particularly Spanish) colonists and their intermingling with the New World's Amerindian peoples.

Mexican poet Amado Nervo wrote "La Raza de Bronce" ("The Bronze Race") as an elegiac poem in honor of former president Benito Juárez in 1902. Bolivian indigenista writer Alcides Arguedas used the term in his 1919 work, La Raza de Bronce, a study of the natives of the Andean altiplano. It was later used by Mexican luminary José Vasconcelos in La Raza Cósmica (1925).

The term was revived in the 1960s by Chicano ethnic group MEChA to refer to Latinos in the United States and the people in Mexico as a unified "race", similar to the black and white races. In this sense it is largely synonymous to the notion of the Chicano nation. The decision to call it a separate "race" may have been influenced by the contemporary negative views of "ethnic" or "nation" based nationalism and positive views of "race" based nationalism. The notion was first enunciated in the Plan Espiritual de Aztlan document.

Bronze (disambiguation)

Bronze is an alloy of copper with any of several other metals, often tin.

Bronze may also refer to:

  • Bronze (color), the tint of the metal
  • Bronze (turkey), a breed of domestic turkey
  • Bronze Age, an early period of historical development
  • Bronze medal, a medal given for a third-place finish in a competition
  • Bronze Records, an English independent record label
  • Bronze sculpture, a piece of art made of bronze
  • Bronze Sunbird, a species of bird found in Africa
  • In chemistry, various mixed oxides with metallic sheen, such as
    • sodium tungsten bronze
    • molybdenum purple bronze , A = Li, Na, K, Rb, Tl

Usage examples of "bronze".

When it did not, she walked down the ambulatory to the bronze grillwork gates at the end.

He rotated the tiny astrolabe with his fingers until a bronze pointer fastened to its center pivot had risen above the curving equator of the rete.

When landing at Brest, your evil genius made you encounter Beausire on the quay, who recognized you immediately, bronzed and altered as you were, while you almost fainted at the sight of him.

Six small bronze cannon rested with their muzzles bowsed up against the bulwarks on each side of the craft.

Urging forward their mounts with wild cries, brandishing the small round bronze and iron studded and bossed war shields, they came racing towards the column.

Glands, looked exquisitely charming in a creation carried out in green mercerised silk, moulded on an underslip of gloaming grey, sashed with a yoke of broad emerald and finished with a triple flounce of darkerhued fringe, the scheme being relieved by bretelles and hip insertions of acorn bronze.

Guards were running through the garden, all converging toward the palace, where the clamor momentarily grew louder-tall men in burnished cuirasses and crested helmets of polished bronze.

The westering sun tinted the sky with evening colors of dusty gold and pale violet, flaming the woodland greens and burnishing the boles of towering chestnut and hawthorn with a gleam like bronze.

As the bronze bell rang in clear, high tones, people bustled out to see the excitement.

The jug of hydrocyanic, once he threw it, would either hit Doc Savage or burst close enough to splash the bronze man.

Little gilt chairs stood in rows, seeming too frail to bear anyone, and the new Macrobian Knights Militant stood guard like graven mages, gleaming with iron and bronze.

The sea wind blew in their white unbound manes, where bronze and gold pins were tangled.

Lo Manto pulled a disposable camera from his shirt pocket and clicked off several shots, capturing the regal bronze statue, with the thin man with the backpack in the foreground.

The bronze sun beat down, but to the north clouds built against the towering citadel of the Djenn Marre, and thunder commenced to rumble in the far distance, echoing through the ice-gripped interstices between the mountains.

Before it stood a young man trying on a jerkin on which rings of bronze were tightly sewn, one against another, His head was dark and for a moment Merlin was nearly startled into hailing him by name.