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n. State in eastern India which has Patna as its capital.

Bihar (disambiguation)

Bihar is a state in India.

Bihar may also refer to:

  • Bihar (king), a khagan of the Khazars
  • Bihar County, a historic county of the Kingdom of Hungary
  • Bihor County (Bihar County in Hungarian), a county of current-day Romania
  • Bihar, the Hungarian name for Biharia Commune, Bihor County, Romania
  • Bihar Sharif, headquarters of Nalanda district, Bihar, India
  • Bihar River, a border river of Palamu district, Jharkhand, India
  • Bihar (surname), a surname

Bihar (; ) is a state in East India. It is the 12th-largest state of India, with an area of . The third-largest state of India by population, it is also contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges which flows from west to east.

On November 15, 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand. Close to 85% of the population lives in villages. Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people compared to any other state in India. The official languages of the state are Hindi and Urdu. Other languages commonly used within the state include Bhojpuri, Maithili, Magahi, Bajjika, and Angika (Maithili being the only one of these to be publicly accepted by the government).

In ancient and classical India, Bihar was considered a centre of power, learning, and culture. From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions, Buddhism. Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule.

Since the late 1970s, Bihar has lagged far behind other Indian states in terms of social and economic development. Many economists and social scientists claim that this is a direct result of the policies of the central government, such as the Freight equalisation policy, its apathy towards Bihar, lack of Bihari sub-nationalism (the state has no public spokesperson or persona), and the Permanent Settlement of 1793 by the British East India Company. The state government has, however, made significant strides in developing the state. Improved governance has led to an economic revival in the state through increased investment in infrastructure, better health care facilities, greater emphasis on education, and a reduction in crime and corruption.

Bihar (Khazar)

Bihar was a Khagan of the Khazars during the 730s. Bihar was the father of Tzitzak, the Khazar princess who married the son of Byzantine Emperor Leo III who later ruled as Constantine V. Bihar was thus the grandfather of Emperor Leo IV the Khazar. He is called Viharos in Armenian sources.

Usage examples of "bihar".

Buddhism, supposedly preserving a fossilised form of that religion after it had disappeared from its last Indian centres in Kashmir, Bihar and Bengal.

The strongholds of Buddhism from AD 700 became increasingly confined to certain parts of Bihar and Bengal, where the religion began, and to the north-west, particular the Swat Valley and Kashmir.

The Indian style would no doubt have been from Bihar and Bengal and closely related to the Nepalese which, though already present earlier, would increasingly have replaced the eastern Indian source after 1200.

Dunhuang was, before 848, under Tibetan occupation for some time but the impulsion to model in stucco is more likely to have entered Tibet from other areas of Buddhist artistic influence, such as the Tar im Basin of Xinjiang to the north, Kashmir in the west and Bihar in the south.

BEIC had developed poppy seeds that brought the finest quality opium from the poppy fields of Benares and Bihar in the Ganges Basin in India, a country they fully controlled this fetched top price, while the lower grades of opium from other areas of India were sold for less.

Ten thousand little boys were imported from Bihar to make carpets in Mirzapur-Varanasi.

Sivaraman, he entered the Imperial Service and was in Bihar for some time.

But his own voice had sounded hollow in his ears as he reassured the small reticent man that he was delighted at the opportunity to go to Bihar, but needed the weekend to think things over.

It was important for him to go to Bihar, to India, and work there to give others the same chances he already had.

No, someone else could always go to Bihar, it was just that he wanted to do the work himself, wanted to know that he was carrying out his self-assigned obligations.

A second is also in Bihar, at the same longitude as Asansol, but north of the Ganges River.

The bulk of Mohammedans come from the Northwest Frontier Province and the Punjab, but Rajputana, Central India, the United Provinces, Bihar, and Madras all contribute.

According to one story, which I desperately hope is exaggerated, fifteen hundred children per month were being killed in the state of Bihar, their bones then sent to Calcutta for processing and export.

His numb legs refused to hold him at first, but Bihar knew better than to offer assistance.

Nalanda, in Bihar, which has been called the Oxford of Buddhist India.